Difference between revisions of "CALC-09"

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For the purpose of this workshop, we treat the term "linguistic
 
For the purpose of this workshop, we treat the term "linguistic
 
creativity" to mean "creative language usage at different levels", from
 
creativity" to mean "creative language usage at different levels", from
the lexicon to syntax to discourse and text (see also topics, below).
+
the lexicon to syntax to discourse and text (see also topics and references, below).
  
 
The recognition of instances of linguistic creativity and the
 
The recognition of instances of linguistic creativity and the
Line 30: Line 30:
 
==Location==
 
==Location==
  
The CALC-09 workshop will be held in conjunction with [http://www.naaclhlt2009.org NAACL HLT 2009] in Boulder, Colorado.
+
[[Image:BoulderBearPeak.jpg|frame|View of Boulder from Bear Peak. University of Colorado at the far left.]]
 +
The CALC-09 workshop will be held in conjunction with [http://www.naaclhlt2009.org NAACL HLT 2009] in Boulder, Colorado, on June 4, 2009.
  
 
==Topics==
 
==Topics==
  
We are particularly interested in work on the automatic detection, classi
+
We are particularly interested in work on the automatic detection, classification, understanding, or generation of:
cation, understanding,  
+
or generation of:
+
  
 
* neologisms;
 
* neologisms;
* figurative language, including metaphor, metonymy, personication, idioms;
+
* figurative language, including metaphor, metonymy, personification, idioms;
* new or unconventional syntactic constructions ("May I serve who's next?") and constructions defying traditional parsers (e.g. gapping: "Many words were spoken, and
+
* new or unconventional syntactic constructions ("May I serve who's next?") and constructions defying traditional parsers (e.g. gapping: "Many words were spoken, and sentiments expressed");
sentiments expressed");
+
 
* indirect speech acts (such as curses, insults, sarcasm and irony);
 
* indirect speech acts (such as curses, insults, sarcasm and irony);
 
* verbally expressed humor;
 
* verbally expressed humor;
Line 47: Line 45:
 
* and other phenomena illustrating linguistic creativity.
 
* and other phenomena illustrating linguistic creativity.
  
Depending on the state of the art of approaches to the various phenomena and
+
Depending on the state of the art of approaches to the various phenomena and languages, preference will be given to work on deeper processing (e.g., understanding, goal-driven generation) rather than shallow approaches (e.g., binary classication, random generation). We also welcome descriptions and discussions of:
languages,
+
preference will be given to work on deeper processing (e.g., understanding,
+
goal-driven generation)
+
rather than shallow approaches (e.g., binary classication, random
+
generation). We also welcome  
+
descriptions and discussions of:
+
  
 
* computational tools that support people in using language creatively (e.g. tools for computer-assisted creative writing, intelligent thesauri);
 
* computational tools that support people in using language creatively (e.g. tools for computer-assisted creative writing, intelligent thesauri);
 
* computational and/or cognitive models of linguistic creativity;
 
* computational and/or cognitive models of linguistic creativity;
 
* metrics and tools for evaluating the performance of creativity-aware systems;
 
* metrics and tools for evaluating the performance of creativity-aware systems;
* specic application scenarios of computational linguistic creativity;
+
* specific application scenarios of computational linguistic creativity;
 
* design and implementation of creativity-aware systems.
 
* design and implementation of creativity-aware systems.
  
Related topics, including corpora collection, elicitation, and annotation of
+
Related topics, including corpora collection, elicitation, and annotation of creative language usage, will also be considered, as long as their relevance to automatic systems is clearly pointed out.
creative language
+
 
usage, will also be considered, as long as their relevance to automatic
+
A (non-exhaustive) list of recent references is provided below to further illustrate the range of possible workshop topics.
systems is clearly
+
pointed out.
+
  
 
== Invited Speaker==
 
== Invited Speaker==
Nick Montfort, MIT
+
[http://nickm.com/ Nick Montfort], MIT
 +
 
 +
=== '''Curveship: A System for Interactive Fiction and Interactive Narrating'''===
 +
 
 +
Interactive fiction (often called "IF") is a venerable thread of creative
 +
computing that includes ''Adventure'', ''Zork'', and the computer game ''The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy'' as well as innovative recent work. These
 +
programs are usually known as "games," appropriately, but they can also be
 +
rich forms of text-based computer simulation, dialog systems, and examples
 +
of computational literary art. Theorists of narrative have long
 +
distinguished between the level of underlying content or story (which can
 +
usefully be seen as corresponding to the simulated world in interactive
 +
fiction) and that of expression or discourse (corresponding to the textual
 +
exchange between computer and user). While IF development systems have
 +
offered a great deal of power and flexibility to author/programmers by
 +
providing a computational model of the fictional world, previous systems
 +
have not systematically distinguished between the telling and what is
 +
told. Developers were not able to control the content and expression
 +
levels independently so that they could, for instance, have a program
 +
relate events out of chronological order or have it relate events from the
 +
perspective of different characters. Curveship is an interactive fiction
 +
system which draws on narrative theory and computational linguistics to
 +
allow the transformation of the narrating in these ways. This talk will
 +
briefly describe interactive fiction and narrative variation and will
 +
detail how Curveship provides these new capabilities.
 +
 
 +
== '''New:''' Schedule ==
 +
 
 +
We received many good submissions, and would like to thank all authors for their work. After a competitive reviewing phase, eight papers were finally accepted for full-length presentation at CALC-2009. An additional four of the peer-reviewed submissions will be presented as a poster, supported by a very brief oral presentation. The schedule is as follows:
 +
 
 +
=== Welcome and Introduction to CALC-09 ===
 +
 
 +
=== Session 1: Metaphors and Eggcorns (Session Chair: Paul Cook) ===
 +
 
 +
* 9:20–9:45 "Discourse Topics and Metaphors." Authors:  Beata Beigman Klebanov, Eyal Beigman and Daniel Diermeier
 +
 
 +
* 9:45–10:10 "Topic Model Analysis of Metaphor Frequency for Psycholinguistic Stimuli." Authors:  Steven Bethard, Vicky Tzuyin Lai and James H. Martin
 +
 
 +
* 10:10–10:35 "Understanding eggcorns." Author:  Sravana Reddy
 +
 
 +
=== Morning Break ===
 +
 
 +
=== Session 2: Generating Creative Texts (Session Chair: Beata Beigman Klebanov) ===
 +
 
 +
* 11:05–11:30 "Automatically Extracting Word Relationships as Templates for Pun Generation." Authors: Bryan Anthony Hong and Ethel Ong
 +
 
 +
* 11:30–11:55 "Gaiku : Generating Haiku with Word Associations Norms." Authors:  Yael Netzer, David Gabay, Yoav Goldberg and Michael Elhadad
 +
 
 +
=== Poster Session 1 ===
 +
 
 +
* 12:00–12:15 "Automatic Generation of Tamil Lyrics for Melodies." Authors:  Ananth Ramakrishnan A., Sankar Kuppan and Sobha Lalitha Devi
 +
* 12:15–12:30 "Quantifying Constructional Productivity with Unseen Slot Members." Author:  Amir Zeldes
 +
 
 +
=== Lunch ===
 +
 
 +
=== Invited Talk ===
 +
 
 +
* 14:00–15:00 "Curveship: An Interactive Fiction System for Interactive Narrating." Author: Nick Montfort
 +
You can watch Nick Montfort and listen to his lecture on IF here: http://www.youtube.com/user/hollowayjc?view=videos
 +
 
 +
=== Poster Session 2 ===
 +
 
 +
* 15:00–15:15 "Planning Author and Character Goals for Story Generation." Authors:  Candice Solis, Joan Tiffany Siy, Emerald Tabirao, and Ethel Ong
 +
* 15:15-15:30 "An Unsupervised Model for Text Message Normalization." Authors:  Paul Cook and Suzanne Stevenson
 +
 
 +
=== Afternoon Break ===
 +
 
 +
=== Session 3: From Morphology to Pragmatics to Text (Session Chair: Steve Bethard)===
 +
 
 +
 
 +
* 16:00–16:25 "How Creative is Your Writing? A Linguistic Creativity Measure from Computer Science and Cognitive Psychology Perspectives." Authors:  Xiaojin Zhu, Zhiting Xu and Tushar Khot
 +
* 16:25–16:50 "Morphological Productivity Rankings of Complex Adjectives." Author:  Stefano Vegnaduzzo
 +
* 16:50–17:15 "'Sorry' is the hardest word." Authors:  Allan Ramsay and Debora Field
 +
 
 +
=== Summary and Discussion ===
 +
 
 +
The workshop will close at about 17:30.
  
 
== Submissions ==
 
== Submissions ==
  
Submissions should describe original, unpublished work.  Papers are limited to 8 pages. The style files will be available here soon. No author information should be included in the papers, since reviewing  will be blind. Papers not conforming to these requirements are subject to rejection
+
Submissions should describe original, unpublished work.  Papers are limited to 8 pages. The style files can be found here: [http://clear.colorado.edu/NAACLHLT2009/stylefiles.html]. No author information should be included in the papers, since reviewing  will be blind. Papers not conforming to these requirements are subject to rejection without review. Papers should be submitted via START [https://www.softconf.com/naacl-hlt09/CALC2009/submit.html] in the .PDF format.
without review. Papers should be submitted via START; more information on this will be available here, too.
+
 
 +
We encourage submissions from everyone. For those who are new to ACL conferences and workshops, or with special needs, we are planning to set up a lunch mentoring program. Let us know if you are interested.
 +
 
 +
== Travel Grants ==
 +
 
 +
We are happy to announce that up to '''eight (8)''' travel grants can be awarded to CALC-09 participants, thanks to NSF award #IIS-0906244.
 +
 
 +
Candidates must apply by sending the workshop chairs a short motivation statement. The statement should be submitted electronically to the workshop organizers (Anna Feldman [feldmana at mail.montclair.edu] and Birte Loenneker-Rodman [birte.loenneker at uni-hamburg.de]), by '''April 12, 2009'''.
 +
 
 +
The following criteria will be considered when selecting the awardees:
 +
 
 +
# paper accepted for presentation at the CALC-09 workshop (single author, first author, or co-author, preferably with other students only);
 +
# if not from the U.S., resident of a hard-currency problem country as defined by ACL (Mexico, Central or South America, Asia (excluding Japan, Hong Kong, Korea, and Singapore), Africa, Central/Eastern Europe (countries east of Finland, Germany, Austria, or Italy and north of Greece and Turkey));
 +
# especially if from the U.S., minority background (e.g., based on gender, disabilities, race);
 +
# absence of other means of funding, as documented by the applicants;
 +
# status (full-time students have precedence over any other category).
 +
 
 +
If the number of eligible applicants exceeds the number of available travel funds, the decision will be based on a)
 +
the quality of the paper as judged by the reviewers and by the workshop organizers, in conjunction with b) the submitted motivation statement.
 +
 
 +
Consequently, travel grants to participants in the CALC workshop who do not have a paper at CALC can be awarded only in very exceptional cases. Please contact the workshop organizers before applying.
  
 
== Important Dates ==
 
== Important Dates ==
Line 80: Line 165:
 
* Jan 15, 2009: 2nd Call for papers issued
 
* Jan 15, 2009: 2nd Call for papers issued
 
* Feb 15, 2009: 3rd and final CFP
 
* Feb 15, 2009: 3rd and final CFP
* Feb 27, 2009: Deadline for paper submissions
+
* <s><del>Feb 27, 2009</del></s> '''Mar 5, 2009''': Deadline for paper submissions
 
* Mar 30, 2009: Notification of paper acceptances
 
* Mar 30, 2009: Notification of paper acceptances
 
* Apr 12, 2009: Camera-ready copies due
 
* Apr 12, 2009: Camera-ready copies due
 
*  ~ Apr 26, 2009: Call for participation
 
*  ~ Apr 26, 2009: Call for participation
*  June 4-5, 2009: NAACL HLT 2009 workshops
+
'''June 4, 2009''': CALC-09 workshop at NAACL HLT 2009
  
 
== Organizers ==
 
== Organizers ==
* Birte Loenneker-Rodman, International Computer Science Institute (loenneke@icsi.berkeley.edu)
+
* [http://chss.montclair.edu/~feldmana/ Anna Feldman], Montclair State University (anna.feldman@montclair.edu)
* Anna Feldman, Montclair State University (anna.feldman@montclair.edu)
+
* [http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/~loenneke/ Birte Loenneker-Rodman], International Computer Science Institute/University of Hamburg, Germany (birte.loenneker@uni-hamburg.de)
  
 
== Program Committee ==
 
== Program Committee ==
 +
* [http://lingcog.iit.edu/~argamon/ Shlomo Argamon], Illinois Institute of Technology;
 +
* [http://art.uniroma2.it/basili/ Roberto Basili], University of Roma, Italy;
 +
* [http://ailab.dei.uc.pt/view_member.php?id_m=99 Amilcar Cardoso], University of Coimbra, Portugal;
 +
* [http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~afsaneh/ Afsaneh Fazly], University of Toronto, Canada;
 +
* [http://www.chss.montclair.edu/linguistics/lingpage/faculty/fitz/fitz.htm Eileen Fitzpatrick], Montclair State University;
 +
* [http://nil.fdi.ucm.es/index.php/Pablo_Gerv%C3%A1s Pablo Gervas], Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain;
 +
* [http://weblamp.princeton.edu/~psych/psychology/research/glucksberg/index.php Sam Glucksberg], Princeton University;
 +
* [http://www.isi.edu/~hobbs/ Jerry Hobbs], ISI, Marina del Rey;
 +
* [http://www.wcas.northwestern.edu/psych/people/faculty/faculty_individual_pages/Horton.htm Sid Horton], Northwestern University;
 +
* [http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~diana/ Diana Inkpen], University of Ottawa, Canada;
 +
* [http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~mgl/ Mark Lee], University of Birmingham, UK;
 +
* [http://larifari.org/about/ Hugo Liu], MIT;
 +
* [http://www.personal.psu.edu/xxl13/ Xiaofei Lu], Penn State;
 +
* [http://telaga.cs.ui.ac.id/~maruli/ Ruli Manurung], University of Indonesia;
 +
* [http://www.comp.leeds.ac.uk/markert/ Katja Markert], University of Leeds, UK;
 +
* [http://www.cse.unt.edu/~rada/ Rada Mihalcea], University of North Texas;
 +
* [http://wwwhome.cs.utwente.nl/~anijholt/ Anton Nijholt], University of Twente, The Netherlands;
 +
* [http://www.cs.northwestern.edu/~ortony/Andrew%20Ortony.html Andrew Ortony], Northwestern University;
 +
* [http://www.cs.memphis.edu/~vrus/ Vasile Rus], The University of Memphis;
 +
* [http://cslu.cse.ogi.edu/people/sproatr/ Richard Sproat], University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign/Oregon Health and Science University;
 +
* [http://www.let.vu.nl/nl/organisatie-van-de-faculteit/wetenschappelijk-personeel/medewerkers-alfabetisch/medewerkers-l-s/prof-dr-g-j-steen/index.asp Gerard Steen], Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
 +
* [http://tcc.itc.it/people/strapparava.html Carlo Strapparava], Istituto per la Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica, Trento, Italy;
 +
* [http://www.coli.uni-saarland.de/~trouvain/index.html Juergen Trouvain], Saarland University, Germany.
 +
=== Additional Reviewers ===
 +
* Carmen Banea
 +
* Alessandro Valitutti
  
== Program Committee ==
+
== References ==
* Shlomo Argamon, Illinois Institute of Technology;
+
 
* Roberto Basili, University of Roma, Italy;
+
Here are some recent papers, related to the topics of the CALC-2009 workshop.
* Amilcar Cardoso, University of Coimbra, Portugal;
+
 
* Afsaneh Fazly, University of Toronto, Canada;
+
* Bruno Cartoni (2008): [http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2008/pdf/247_paper.pdf "Lexical Resources for Automatic Translation of Constructed Neologisms: the Case Study of Relational Adjectives."] In ''Proceedings of LREC 2008'', Marrakech, Morocco, May 28-30, 2008. A paper on a lexical resource for '''translating neologisms''' between Italian and French.
* Eileen Fitzpatrick, Montclair State University;
+
* Caroline Émond, Jürgen Trouvain, and Lucie Ménard: [http://www.coli.uni-saarland.de/conf/laughter-07/files/EMOND_ET_AL.pdf "Perception of Smiled French Speech by Native vs. Non-native Listeners: A Pilot Study.'] In ''Proceedings of the Interdisciplinary Workshop on The Phonetics of Laughter'', Saarbruecken, Germany, August 4-5, 2007, pages 27-30. A paper on the elicitation and analysis of '''smiled speech'''.
* Pablo Gervas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain;
+
* Afsaneh Fazly, Paul Cook, and Suzanne Stevenson (to appear). [http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~suzanne/papers/FazlyEtAlToAppear.pdf "Unsupervised Type and Token Identification of Idiomatic Expressions."] Accepted for publication in Computational Linguistics. An article on the automatic '''recognition of idioms''' based on their linguistic properties.
* Sam Glucksberg, Princeton University;
+
* Debora Field and Allan Ramsay (2006): [http://www.aclweb.org/anthology-new/W/W06/W06-3903.pdf "How to change a person's mind: Understanding the difference between the effects and consequences of speech acts."] In ''Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Inference in Computational Semantics (ICoS-5)'', April 20-21, 2006, Buxton, England, pages 27-36. A planner that '''models bluffing, lying, sarcasm''', and other problematic conversational situations.
* Jerry Hobbs, ISI, Marina;
+
* Saisuresh Krishnakumaran and Xiaojin Zhu (2007): [http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W/W07/W07-0103 "Hunting Elusive Metaphors Using Lexical Resources."] In Proceedings of the NAACL Workshop on Computational Approaches to Figurative Language, Rochester, New York, April 2007, pages 13--20. A paper on '''metaphor identification''' in text documents.
* Sid Horton, Northwestern University;
+
* Ruli Manurung, Graeme Ritchie, Helen Pain, Annalu Waller, Dave O'Mara, and Rolf Black (2008): [http://www.cs.ui.ac.id/staf/maruli/pub/AAI.pdf "The Construction of a Pun Generator for Language Skills Development."] ''Applied Artificial Intelligence'' 22(9): 841-869.
* Diana Inkpen, University of Ottawa, Canada;
+
* Nick Montfort (2006): [http://nickm.com/if/aaai_06_montfort.pdf "Natural Language Generation and Narrative Variation in Interactive Fiction."] Paper presented at the ''Computational Aesthetics Workshop at AAAI 2006'', July 16, 2006, Boston, Massachusetts. An '''interactive fiction architecture''', based on the narratological distinction between content and discourse (linguistic expression).
* Mark Lee, Birmingham, UK;
+
* Ruth O'Donovan and Mary O'Neill (2008). [http://www.chambersharrap.co.uk/chambers/toolsandresources/euralex_2008.pdf "A Systematic Approach to the Selection of Neologisms for Inclusion in a Large Monolingual Dictionary."] In ''Proceedings of Euralex 2008'', Barcelona, Spain, July 15-19, 2008. This paper presents tools supporting the '''detection and selection of neologisms''' for inclusion into new dictionary editions.
* Hugo Liu, MIT;
+
* Amruta Purandare and Diane Litman (2006). [http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W/W06/W06-1625 "Humor: Prosody Analysis and Automatic Recognition for F*R*I*E*N*D*S*."] In Proceedings of the 2006 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, Sydney, Australia,  July 22-23, 2006, pages 208--215. Acoustic-prosodic and linguistic '''features for automatic humor recognition'''.
* Xiaofei Lu, Penn State;
+
* Antoinette Renouf (2007). "Tracing lexical productivity and creativity in the British media: The Chavs and the Chav-Nots." In Munat, Judith (ed.): [http://www.benjamins.com/cgi-bin/t_bookview.cgi?bookid=SFSL%2058 ''Lexical Creativity, Texts and Contexts''], (= Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics 58), John Benjamins, pages 61-89. A corpus-based linguistic '''study of neologisms'''.
* Ruli Manurung, University of Indonesia;
+
* Mariet Theune, Nanda Slabbers, and Feikje Hielkema (2007): [http://aclweb.org/anthology-new/W/W07/W07-2317.pdf "The Narrator: NLG for digital storytelling."] In ''Proceedings of the Eleventh European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG 07)'', June 17-20, 2007, Schloss Dagstuhl, Germany, pages 109-112. An implemented system that '''expresses formal representations of stories''' in natural language.
* Katja Markert, University of Leeds, UK;
+
* Hans Wim Tinholt and Anton Nijholt (2007). "Computational Humour: Utilizing Cross-Reference Ambiguity for Conversational Jokes." In F. Masulli, S. Mitra and G. Pasi (eds.): ''7th International Workshop on Fuzzy Logic and Applications (WILF 2007), July 7-10, 2007, Camogli (Genova), Italy,'' (= Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 4578), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pages 477-483. Distinguishing humorous anaphora ambiguities from nonhumorous ones to '''generate conversational jokes'''.
* Rada Mihalcea, University of North Texas;
+
* Tony Veale and Yanfen Hao (2007). [http://afflatus.ucd.ie/Papers/CaseBasedFigurative_AAAI07.pdf "Comprehending and Generating Apt Metaphors: A Web-driven, Case-based Approach to Figurative Language."] In ''Proceedings of AAAI 2007, the 22nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence'', Vancouver, Canada, July 22-26, 2007. The paper presents a system that understands property-attribution metaphors and '''generates metaphors''' for a given target.
* Anton Nijholt, University of Twente, The Netherlands;
+
 
* Andrew Ortony, Northwestern University;
+
And here are two papers on '''intriguing syntactic constructions''' in English:
* Vasile Rus, The University of Memphis;
+
 
* Richard Sproat, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champain;
+
* Paul Kay and Charles J. Fillmore (1999). [http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/~kay/wxdy.ps "Grammatical constructions and linguistic generalizations: The ''What's X doing Y?'' construction."] ''Language'' 75/1: 1-33.
* Gerard Steen, Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands;
+
* Arnold Zwicky (2002). [http://www.stanford.edu/~zwicky/i-wonder-what-kind.pdf "I wonder what kind of construction that this example illustrates."] In David I. Beaver, Luis D. Casillas Martínez, Brady Z. Clark, and Stefan Kaufmann (eds.), ''The Construction of Meaning'', CSLI Publications, pages 219-248.
* Carlo Strapparava, Istituto per la Ricerca Scientica e Tecnologica, Trento, Italy;
+
* Juergen Trouvain, Saarland University, Germany.
+

Latest revision as of 05:13, 25 June 2012

Workshop on Computational Approaches to Linguistic Creativity

It is generally agreed upon that "linguistic creativity" is a unique property of human language. Some claim that linguistic creativity is expressed in our ability to combine known words in a new sentence, others refer to our skill to express thoughts in figurative language, and yet others talk about syntactic recursion and lexical creativity.

For the purpose of this workshop, we treat the term "linguistic creativity" to mean "creative language usage at different levels", from the lexicon to syntax to discourse and text (see also topics and references, below).

The recognition of instances of linguistic creativity and the computation of their meaning constitute one of the most challenging problems for a variety of Natural Language Processing tasks, such as machine translation, text summarization, information retrieval, question answering, and sentiment analysis. Computational systems incorporating models of linguistic creativity operate on different types of data (including written text, audio/speech/sound, and video/images/gestures). New approaches might combine information from different modalities. Creativity-aware systems will improve the contribution Computational Linguistics has to offer to many practical areas, including education, entertainment, and engineering.

Within the scope of the workshop, the event is intended to be interdisciplinary. Besides contributions from an NLP perspective, we also welcome the participation of researchers who deal with linguistic creativity from different perspectives, including psychology, neuroscience, or human-computer interaction.

Location

View of Boulder from Bear Peak. University of Colorado at the far left.

The CALC-09 workshop will be held in conjunction with NAACL HLT 2009 in Boulder, Colorado, on June 4, 2009.

Topics

We are particularly interested in work on the automatic detection, classification, understanding, or generation of:

  • neologisms;
  • figurative language, including metaphor, metonymy, personification, idioms;
  • new or unconventional syntactic constructions ("May I serve who's next?") and constructions defying traditional parsers (e.g. gapping: "Many words were spoken, and sentiments expressed");
  • indirect speech acts (such as curses, insults, sarcasm and irony);
  • verbally expressed humor;
  • poetry and fiction;
  • and other phenomena illustrating linguistic creativity.

Depending on the state of the art of approaches to the various phenomena and languages, preference will be given to work on deeper processing (e.g., understanding, goal-driven generation) rather than shallow approaches (e.g., binary classication, random generation). We also welcome descriptions and discussions of:

  • computational tools that support people in using language creatively (e.g. tools for computer-assisted creative writing, intelligent thesauri);
  • computational and/or cognitive models of linguistic creativity;
  • metrics and tools for evaluating the performance of creativity-aware systems;
  • specific application scenarios of computational linguistic creativity;
  • design and implementation of creativity-aware systems.

Related topics, including corpora collection, elicitation, and annotation of creative language usage, will also be considered, as long as their relevance to automatic systems is clearly pointed out.

A (non-exhaustive) list of recent references is provided below to further illustrate the range of possible workshop topics.

Invited Speaker

Nick Montfort, MIT

Curveship: A System for Interactive Fiction and Interactive Narrating

Interactive fiction (often called "IF") is a venerable thread of creative computing that includes Adventure, Zork, and the computer game The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy as well as innovative recent work. These programs are usually known as "games," appropriately, but they can also be rich forms of text-based computer simulation, dialog systems, and examples of computational literary art. Theorists of narrative have long distinguished between the level of underlying content or story (which can usefully be seen as corresponding to the simulated world in interactive fiction) and that of expression or discourse (corresponding to the textual exchange between computer and user). While IF development systems have offered a great deal of power and flexibility to author/programmers by providing a computational model of the fictional world, previous systems have not systematically distinguished between the telling and what is told. Developers were not able to control the content and expression levels independently so that they could, for instance, have a program relate events out of chronological order or have it relate events from the perspective of different characters. Curveship is an interactive fiction system which draws on narrative theory and computational linguistics to allow the transformation of the narrating in these ways. This talk will briefly describe interactive fiction and narrative variation and will detail how Curveship provides these new capabilities.

New: Schedule

We received many good submissions, and would like to thank all authors for their work. After a competitive reviewing phase, eight papers were finally accepted for full-length presentation at CALC-2009. An additional four of the peer-reviewed submissions will be presented as a poster, supported by a very brief oral presentation. The schedule is as follows:

Welcome and Introduction to CALC-09

Session 1: Metaphors and Eggcorns (Session Chair: Paul Cook)

  • 9:20–9:45 "Discourse Topics and Metaphors." Authors: Beata Beigman Klebanov, Eyal Beigman and Daniel Diermeier
  • 9:45–10:10 "Topic Model Analysis of Metaphor Frequency for Psycholinguistic Stimuli." Authors: Steven Bethard, Vicky Tzuyin Lai and James H. Martin
  • 10:10–10:35 "Understanding eggcorns." Author: Sravana Reddy

Morning Break

Session 2: Generating Creative Texts (Session Chair: Beata Beigman Klebanov)

  • 11:05–11:30 "Automatically Extracting Word Relationships as Templates for Pun Generation." Authors: Bryan Anthony Hong and Ethel Ong
  • 11:30–11:55 "Gaiku : Generating Haiku with Word Associations Norms." Authors: Yael Netzer, David Gabay, Yoav Goldberg and Michael Elhadad

Poster Session 1

  • 12:00–12:15 "Automatic Generation of Tamil Lyrics for Melodies." Authors: Ananth Ramakrishnan A., Sankar Kuppan and Sobha Lalitha Devi
  • 12:15–12:30 "Quantifying Constructional Productivity with Unseen Slot Members." Author: Amir Zeldes

Lunch

Invited Talk

  • 14:00–15:00 "Curveship: An Interactive Fiction System for Interactive Narrating." Author: Nick Montfort

You can watch Nick Montfort and listen to his lecture on IF here: http://www.youtube.com/user/hollowayjc?view=videos

Poster Session 2

  • 15:00–15:15 "Planning Author and Character Goals for Story Generation." Authors: Candice Solis, Joan Tiffany Siy, Emerald Tabirao, and Ethel Ong
  • 15:15-15:30 "An Unsupervised Model for Text Message Normalization." Authors: Paul Cook and Suzanne Stevenson

Afternoon Break

Session 3: From Morphology to Pragmatics to Text (Session Chair: Steve Bethard)

  • 16:00–16:25 "How Creative is Your Writing? A Linguistic Creativity Measure from Computer Science and Cognitive Psychology Perspectives." Authors: Xiaojin Zhu, Zhiting Xu and Tushar Khot
  • 16:25–16:50 "Morphological Productivity Rankings of Complex Adjectives." Author: Stefano Vegnaduzzo
  • 16:50–17:15 "'Sorry' is the hardest word." Authors: Allan Ramsay and Debora Field

Summary and Discussion

The workshop will close at about 17:30.

Submissions

Submissions should describe original, unpublished work. Papers are limited to 8 pages. The style files can be found here: [1]. No author information should be included in the papers, since reviewing will be blind. Papers not conforming to these requirements are subject to rejection without review. Papers should be submitted via START [2] in the .PDF format.

We encourage submissions from everyone. For those who are new to ACL conferences and workshops, or with special needs, we are planning to set up a lunch mentoring program. Let us know if you are interested.

Travel Grants

We are happy to announce that up to eight (8) travel grants can be awarded to CALC-09 participants, thanks to NSF award #IIS-0906244.

Candidates must apply by sending the workshop chairs a short motivation statement. The statement should be submitted electronically to the workshop organizers (Anna Feldman [feldmana at mail.montclair.edu] and Birte Loenneker-Rodman [birte.loenneker at uni-hamburg.de]), by April 12, 2009.

The following criteria will be considered when selecting the awardees:

  1. paper accepted for presentation at the CALC-09 workshop (single author, first author, or co-author, preferably with other students only);
  2. if not from the U.S., resident of a hard-currency problem country as defined by ACL (Mexico, Central or South America, Asia (excluding Japan, Hong Kong, Korea, and Singapore), Africa, Central/Eastern Europe (countries east of Finland, Germany, Austria, or Italy and north of Greece and Turkey));
  3. especially if from the U.S., minority background (e.g., based on gender, disabilities, race);
  4. absence of other means of funding, as documented by the applicants;
  5. status (full-time students have precedence over any other category).

If the number of eligible applicants exceeds the number of available travel funds, the decision will be based on a) the quality of the paper as judged by the reviewers and by the workshop organizers, in conjunction with b) the submitted motivation statement.

Consequently, travel grants to participants in the CALC workshop who do not have a paper at CALC can be awarded only in very exceptional cases. Please contact the workshop organizers before applying.

Important Dates

  • Nov 1, 2008: 1st Call for papers issued
  • Jan 15, 2009: 2nd Call for papers issued
  • Feb 15, 2009: 3rd and final CFP
  • Feb 27, 2009 Mar 5, 2009: Deadline for paper submissions
  • Mar 30, 2009: Notification of paper acceptances
  • Apr 12, 2009: Camera-ready copies due
  • ~ Apr 26, 2009: Call for participation
  • June 4, 2009: CALC-09 workshop at NAACL HLT 2009

Organizers

  • Anna Feldman, Montclair State University (anna.feldman@montclair.edu)
  • Birte Loenneker-Rodman, International Computer Science Institute/University of Hamburg, Germany (birte.loenneker@uni-hamburg.de)

Program Committee

Additional Reviewers

  • Carmen Banea
  • Alessandro Valitutti

References

Here are some recent papers, related to the topics of the CALC-2009 workshop.

And here are two papers on intriguing syntactic constructions in English: