SAT Analogy Questions (State of the art)
From ACL Wiki
- SAT= Scholastic Aptitude Test
- 374 multiple-choice analogy questions; 5 choices per question
- SAT questions collected by Michael Littman, available from Peter Turney
- introduced in Turney et al. (2003) as a way of evaluating algorithms for measuring relational similarity
- Algorithm = name of algorithm
- Reference = source for algorithm description and experimental results
- Type = general type of algorithm: corpus-based, lexicon-based, hybrid
- Correct = percent of 374 questions that given algorithm answered correctly
- 95% confidence = confidence interval calculated using Binomial Exact Test
- table rows sorted in order of increasing percent correct
- VSM = Vector Space Model
- LRA = Latent Relational Analysis
Algorithm | Reference | Type | Correct | 95% confidence |
---|---|---|---|---|
VSM | Turney and Littman (2005) | corpus-based | 47.1% | ? |
LRA | Turney (2006) | corpus-based | 56.1% | 51.0–61.2% |
Turney, P.D., Littman, M.L., Bigham, J., and Shnayder, V. (2003). Combining independent modules to solve multiple-choice synonym and analogy problems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP-03), Borovets, Bulgaria, pp. 482-489.
Turney, P.D., and Littman, M.L. (2005). Corpus-based learning of analogies and semantic relations. Machine Learning, 60 (1-3), 251-278.
Turney, P.D. (2006). Similarity of semantic relations. Computational Linguistics, 32 (3), 379-416.