Difference between revisions of "TOEFL Synonym Questions (State of the art)"
From ACL Wiki
Line 1: | Line 1: | ||
* TOEFL = Test of English as a Foreign Language | * TOEFL = Test of English as a Foreign Language | ||
* 80 multiple-choice synonym questions; 4 choices per question | * 80 multiple-choice synonym questions; 4 choices per question | ||
− | * introduced in Landauer and Dumais (1997) | + | * TOEFL questions available from [http://www.pearsonkt.com/bioLandauer.shtml Thomas Landauer] |
+ | * introduced in Landauer and Dumais (1997) as a way of evaluating algorithms for measuring similarity | ||
* subsequently used by many other researchers | * subsequently used by many other researchers | ||
− | * 95% confidence interval calculated using [http://home.clara.net/sisa/onemean.htm Binomial Exact Test] | + | * '''Reference for algorithm''' = where to find out more about given algorithm for measuring similarity |
+ | * '''Reference for experiment''' = where to find out more about evaluation of given algorithm with TOEFL questions | ||
+ | * '''Algorithm''' = general type of algorithm: corpus-based, lexicon-based, hybrid | ||
+ | * '''Correct''' = percent of 80 questions that given algorithm answered correctly | ||
+ | * '''95% confidence''' = confidence interval calculated using [http://home.clara.net/sisa/onemean.htm Binomial Exact Test] | ||
* table rows sorted in order of increasing percent correct | * table rows sorted in order of increasing percent correct | ||
Line 90: | Line 95: | ||
− | Jarmasz, M. and Szpakowicz, S. (2003). Roget’s thesaurus and semantic similarity, ''Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP-03)'', pp. 212-219. | + | Jarmasz, M., and Szpakowicz, S. (2003). [http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~mjarmasz/pubs/jarmasz_roget_sim.pdf Roget’s thesaurus and semantic similarity], ''Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP-03)'', Borovets, Bulgaria, September, pp. 212-219. |
Revision as of 20:29, 11 May 2007
- TOEFL = Test of English as a Foreign Language
- 80 multiple-choice synonym questions; 4 choices per question
- TOEFL questions available from Thomas Landauer
- introduced in Landauer and Dumais (1997) as a way of evaluating algorithms for measuring similarity
- subsequently used by many other researchers
- Reference for algorithm = where to find out more about given algorithm for measuring similarity
- Reference for experiment = where to find out more about evaluation of given algorithm with TOEFL questions
- Algorithm = general type of algorithm: corpus-based, lexicon-based, hybrid
- Correct = percent of 80 questions that given algorithm answered correctly
- 95% confidence = confidence interval calculated using Binomial Exact Test
- table rows sorted in order of increasing percent correct
Reference for algorithm | Reference for experiment | Algorithm | Correct | 95% confidence |
---|---|---|---|---|
Resnik (1995) | Jarmasz and Szpakowicz (2003) | hybrid | 20.31% | 12.89–31.83% |
Leacock and Chodrow (1998) | Jarmasz and Szpakowicz (2003) | lexicon-based | 21.88% | 13.91–33.21% |
Lin (1998) | Jarmasz and Szpakowicz (2003) | hybrid | 24.06% | 15.99–35.94% |
Jiang and Conrath (1997) | Jarmasz and Szpakowicz (2003) | hybrid | 25.00% | 15.99–35.94% |
Landauer and Dumais (1997) | Landauer and Dumais (1997) | corpus-based | 64.38% | 52.90–74.80% |
Average non-English US college applicant | Landauer and Dumais (1997) | human | 64.50% | 53.01–74.88% |
Turney (2001) | Turney (2001) | corpus-based | 73.75% | 62.71–82.96% |
Hirst and St.-Onge (1998) | Jarmasz and Szpakowicz (2003) | lexicon-based | 77.91% | 68.17–87.11% |
Jarmasz and Szpakowicz (2003) | Jarmasz and Szpakowicz (2003) | lexicon-based | 78.75% | 68.17–87.11% |
Terra and Clarke (2003) | Terra and Clarke (2003) | corpus-based | 81.25% | 70.97–89.11% |
Rapp (2003) | Rapp (2003) | corpus-based | 92.50% | 84.39-97.20% |
Turney et al. (2003) | Turney et al. (2003) | hybrid | 97.50% | 91.26–99.70% |
Jarmasz, M., and Szpakowicz, S. (2003). Roget’s thesaurus and semantic similarity, Proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP-03), Borovets, Bulgaria, September, pp. 212-219.