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Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 21-23, 1989
Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 15-18, 1989

Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 21-23, 1989

H89-1000: Front Matter

H89-1001: Lynette Hirshman
Overview of the DARPA Speech and Natural Language Workshop

H89-1002:
Workshop Agenda

H89-1003:
Reports From Session Chairs

H89-1004:
Tutorials

H89-1005: S. E. Levinson; M. Y. Liberman; A. Ljolje; L. G. Miller
SPEAKER INDEPENDENT PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION OF FLUENT SPEECH FOR LARGE VOCABULARY SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-1006: John Makhoul; Richard Schwartz
Research in Continuous Speech Recognition

H89-1007: Salim Roukos
Integrating Speech and Natural Language

H89-1008: Madeleine Bates
RAPID PORTING OF THE PARLANCE tm NATURAL LANGUAGE INTERFACE

H89-1009: William Crowther
A COMMON FACTS DATA BASE

H89-1010: Richard Schwartz; Chris Barry; Yen-Lu Chow; Alan Deft; Ming-Whei Feng; Owen Kimball; Francis Kubala; John Makhoul; Jeffrey Vandegrift
The BBN BYBLOS Continuous Speech Recognition System

H89-1011: Francis Kubala; Ming-Whel Feng; John Makhoul; Richard Schwartz
Speaker Adaptation from Limited Training in the BBN BYBLOS Speech Recognition System

H89-1012: Sean Boisen; Yen-Lu Chow; Andrew Haas; Robert Ingria; Salim Roukos; David Stallard
THE BBN SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEM

H89-1013: Ralph M. Weischedel; Robert J. Bobrow; Damaris Ayuso; Lance Ramshaw
PORTABILITY IN THE JANUS NATURAL LANGUAGE INTERFACE

H89-1014: Raj Reddy
Speech Research at Carnegie Mellon

H89-1015: Alexander I. Rudnicky
The design of voice-driven interfaces

H89-1016: Kai-Fu Lee; Hsiao-Wuen Hon; Mei-Yuh Hwang
RECENT PROGRESS IN THE SPHINX SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM

H89-1017: Sheryl R. Young
THE MINDS SYSTEM: USING CONTEXT AND DIALOG TO ENHANCE SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-1018: Wayne Ward
UNDERSTANDING SPONTANEOUS SPEECH

H89-1019: Janet M. Baker; James K. Baker
Dragon

H89-1020: Catalina M. Danis
GOATS TO SHEEP: CAN RECOGNITION RATE BE IMPROVED FOR POOR TANGORA SPEAKERS?

H89-1021: William C. Mann; Eduard H. Hovy
THE PENMAN LANGUAGE GENERATION PROJECT

H89-1022: Robert T. Kasper
A Flexible Interface for Linking Applications to Penman's Sentence Generator

H89-1023: Clifford J. Weinstein
Robust Speech Recognition

H89-1024: Douglas B. Paul
THE LINCOLN CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND RESULTS

H89-1025: Victor W. Zue
Acoustic-Phonetics Based Speech Recognition

H89-1026: Stephanie Seneff
TINA: A PROBABILISTIC SYNTACTIC PARSER FOR SPEECH UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS

H89-1027: Victor Zue; James Glass; Michael Phillips; Stephanie Seneff
THE MIT SUMMIT SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM: A PROGRESS REPORT

H89-1028: David S. Pallett
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY (NIST) (Formerly National Bureau of Standards)

H89-1029: Yorick Wilks; David Farwell; Afzal Ballim; Roger Hartley
New Mexico State University Computing Research Laboratory

H89-1030: Beth Sundheim
Naval Ocean Systems Center

H89-1031: Steve Nunn; Nancy Hupp
Naval Ocean Systems Center (NOSC) User Interface Technology, Code 441

H89-1032: Beth M. Sundheim
PLANS FOR A TASK-ORIENTED EVALUATION OF NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS

H89-1033: Ralph Gfishman
Natural Language Understanding

H89-1034: Ralph Grishman; John Sterling
ANALYZING TELEGRAPHIC MESSAGES

H89-1035: Aravind Joshi; Mitch Marcus; Mark Steedman; Bonnie Webber
Natural Language Research

H89-1036: Anne Abeille; Kathleen Bishop; Sharon Cote; Aravind K. Joshi; Yves Schabes
Lexicalized TAGs, Parsing and Lexicons

H89-1037: Brant A. Cheikes; Bonnie L. Webber
Elements of a Computational Model of Cooperative Response Generation

H89-1038: Mark Steedman
Intonation and Syntax in Spoken Language Systems

H89-1039: Dr. George Zweig
A Preprocessor for Speech Recognition Systems Operating in Noisy Environments

H89-1040: George Zweig
AUDITORY SPEECH PREPROCESSORS

H89-1041: Jared Bemstein; Hy Murveit
SRI International, Speech Recognition Program, Menlo Park, CA

H89-1042: Hy Murveit; Michael Cohen; Patti Price; Gay Baldwin; Mitch Weintraub; Jared Bernstein
SRI's DECIPHER System

H89-1043: Robert Moore; Fernando Pereira; Hy Murveit
INTEGRATING SPEECH AND NATURAL-LANGUAGE PROCESSING

H89-1044: John J. Godfrey; Raja Rajasekaran
SPEECH DATA BASE

H89-1045: Charles Hemphill; Joseph Picone
Chart Parsing of Stochastic Spoken Language Models

H89-1046: George R. Doddington
INITIAL DRAFT GUIDELINES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEXT-GENERATION SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS SPEECH RESEARCH DATABASE

H89-1047: Robert Wilensky
UCB

H89-1048: Dr. Lynette Hirschman; Dr. Martha Palmer
Natural Language Understanding: Integrating Syntaz, Semantics, and Discourse.

H89-1049: Catherine N. Ball
ANALYZING EXPLICITLY-STRUCTURED DISCOURSE IN A LIMITED DOMAIN: TROUBLE AND FAILURE REPORTS

H89-1050: John Dowding
REDUCING SEARCH BY PARTITIONING THE WORD NETWORK

H89-1051: Lynette Hirschman; Francois-Michel Lang; John Dowding; Carl Weir
PORTING PUNDIT TO THE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT DOMAIN

H89-1052: M. Margaret Withgott; Ronald M. Kaplan
Analysis and Symbolic Processing of Unrestricted Speech

H89-1053: Francine R. Chen; Jeff Shrager
Automatic Discovery of Contextual Factors Describing Phonological Variation

H89-1054: Julian Kupiec
Probabilistic Models of Short and Long Distance Word Dependencies in Running Text

Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, October 15-18, 1989

H89-2000: Front Matter

H89-2001: Lynette Hirschman
REPORT ON SESSION I: PROSODIC AIDS TO SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-2002: P. J. Price; M. Ostendorf; C.W. Wightman
PROSODY AND PARSING

H89-2003: Mary E. Beckman
TIMING MODELS FOR PROSODY AND CROSS-WORD COARTICULATION IN CONNECTED SPEECH

H89-2004: Julia Hirschberg
Distinguishing Questions by Contour Speech Recognition Tasks

H89-2005: P. Price
SUMMARY OF SESSION 2: Spoken Language Systems I

H89-2006: David Stallard
UNIFICATION-BASED SEMANTIC INTERPRETATION IN THE BBN SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEM

H89-2007: Wayne Ward
Modelling Non-verbal Sounds for Speech Recognition

H89-2008: Victor Zue; James Glass; David Goodine; Hong Leung; Michael Phillips; Joseph Polifroni; Stephanie Seneff
THE VOYAGER SPEECH UNDERSTANDING SYSTEM: A PROGRESS REPORT

H89-2009: Catherine N. Ball; Deborah Dahl; Lewis M. Norton; Lynette Hirschman; Carl Weir; Marcia Linebarger
ANSWERS AND QUESTIONS: PROCESSING MESSAGES AND QUERIES

H89-2010: Bonnie Lynn Webber
Natural Language I

H89-2011: Ralph Grishman; John Sterling
Preference Semantics for Message Understanding

H89-2012: Kenneth Church; William Gale; Patrick Hanks; Donald Hindle
Parsing, Word Associations and Typical Predicate-Argument Relations

H89-2013: Kenneth W. Church; William A. Gale
Enhanced Good-Turing and Cat.Cal: Two New Methods for Estimating Probabilities of English Bigrams (abbreviated version)

H89-2014: Julian Kupiec
Augmenting a Hidden Markov Model for Phrase-Dependent Word Tagging

H89-2015: Eduard H. Hovy
NEW POSSIBILITIES IN MACHINE TRANSLATION

H89-2016: David S. Pallett
Data Collection And Evaluation

H89-2017: Jacqueline C. Kowtko; Patti J. Price
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS IN THE AIR TRAVEL PLANNING DOMAIN

H89-2018: Victor Zue; Nancy Daly; James Glass; David Goodine; Hong Leung; Michael Phillips; Joseph Polifroni; Stephanie Seneff; Michal Soclof
THE COLLECTION AND PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF A SPONTANEOUS SPEECH DATABASE

H89-2019: Sean Boisen; Lance Ramshaw; Damafis Ayuso; Madeleine Bates
A PROPOSAL FOR SLS EVALUATION

H89-2020: Alan Derr; Richard Schwartz
A Simple Statistical Class Grammar for Measuring Speech Recognition Performance

H89-2021: Alexander I. Rudnicky; Michelle Sakamoto; Joseph H. Polifroni
Evaluating spoken language interaction

H89-2022: Victor Zue; James Glass; David Goodine; Hong Leung; Michael Phillips; Joseph Polifroni; Stephanie Seneff
PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE VOYAGER SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEM

H89-2023: Ralph Grishman
Data Collection and Evaluation II

H89-2024: Mark Liberman
Text on Tap: the ACL/DCI

H89-2025: Richard Stern
Spoken Language Systems II

H89-2026: Dean G. Sturtevant
A STACK DECODER FOR CONTINOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-2027: Yen-Lu Chow; Richard Schwartz
The N-Best Algorithm: Efficient Procedure for Finding Top N Sentence Hypotheses

H89-2028: Douglas B. Paul
A CSR-NL INTERFACE SPECIFICATION Version 1.51

H89-2029: Madeleine Bates
Summary of Session 7 -- Natural Language (Part 2)

H89-2030: Yorick Wilks; Roger Hartley
Belief Ascription and Model Generative Reasoning: joining two paradigms to a robust parser of messages.

H89-2031: Robert J. P. Ingna; Lance Ramshaw
PORTING TO NEW DOMAINS USING THE LEARNER

H89-2032: Janet M. Baker
OVERVIEW: CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION I

H89-2033: Steve Austin; Chris Barry; Yen-Lu Chow; Man Derr; Owen Kimball; Francis Kubala; John Makhoul; Paul Placeway; William Russell; Richard Schwartz; George Yu
Improved HMM Models for High Performance Speech Recognition

H89-2034: Francis Kubala; Richard Schwartz; Chris Barry
Speaker Adaptation Using Multiple Reference Speakers

H89-2035: Ayman Asadi; Richard Schwartz; John Makhoul
Automatic Detection Of New Words In A Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition System

H89-2036: Fil Alleva; Kai-Fu Lee
Automatic New Word Acquisition: Spelling from Acoustics

H89-2037: Hsiao-Wuen Hon; Kai-Fu Lee; Robert Weide
TOWARDS SPEECH RECOGNITION WITHOUT VOCABULARY-SPECIFIC TRAINING

H89-2038: X.D. Huang; H.W. Hon; K.F. Lee
Large-Vocabulary Speaker-Independent Continuous Speech Recognition with Semi.Continuous Hidden Markov Models

H89-2039: Chin-Hui Lee; Lawrence R. Rabiner; Roberto Pieraccinit; Jay G. Wilpon
ACOUSTIC MODELING OF SUBWORD UNITS FOR LARGE VOCABULARY SPEAKER INDEPENDENT SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-2040: S. E. Levinson; A Ljolje
Continuous Speech Recognition from Phonetic Transcription

H89-2041: Douglas B. Paul
TIED MIXTURES IN THE LINCOLN ROBUST CSR

H89-2042: Clifford Weinstein
SUMMARY OF SESSION 9 - FUTURE PLANS

H89-2043: George Doddington
SUMMARY OF SESSION 10 - Continous Speech Recognition II

H89-2044: Richard M. Stern; Alejandro Acero
ACOUSTICAL PRE-PROCESSING FOR ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-2045: Adoram Erell; Mitch Weintraub
SPECTRAL ESTIMATION FOR NOISE ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-2046: William Byrne; John Robinson; Shihab Shamma
THE AUDITORY PROCESSING AND RECOGNITION OF SPEECH

H89-2047: V. Digalakis; M. Ostendorf; J.R. Rohlicek
Improvements in the Stochastic Segment Model for Phoneme Recognition

H89-2048: Michael D. Riley
Some Applications of Tree-based Modelling to Speech and Language

H89-2049: Salvatore J. Stolfo; Zvi Galil; Kathleen McKeown; Russell Mills
SPEECH RECOGNITION IN PARALLEL

H89-2050: Francine R. Chen
Contextually-Based Data-Derived Pronunciation Networks for Automatic Speech Recognition

H89-2051: Kenneth Ward Church
Session 11 Natural Language III

H89-2052: James F. Allen; Elizabeth Hinkelman
Using Structural Constraints for Speech Act Interpretation

H89-2053: Aravind K. Joshi; Yves Schabes
AN EVALUATION OF LEXICALIZATION IN PARSING

H89-2054: J.G. Neal; C.Y. Thielman; Z. Dobes; S.M. Haller; S.C. Shapiro
Natural Language with Integrated Deictic and Graphic Gestures

H89-2055: Steven K. Feiner; Kathleen R. McKeown
COORDINATING TEXT AND GRAPHICS IN EXPLANATION GENERATION

H89-2056: Richard Schwartz
Summary of Session on Hardware for Spoken Language Demonstrations

H89-2057: Ralph Weischedel
Research and Development in Natural Language Understanding

H89-2058: John Makhoul; Richard Schwartz
RESEARCH IN CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION

H89-2059: John Makhoul
SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS

H89-2060: Robert Wilensky
Generalized Consultation Systems and Knowledge Acquisition

H89-2061: Mari Ostendorf; Patti Price
Evaluating the Use of Prosodic Information in Speech Recognition and Understanding

H89-2062: Mari Ostendorf; J. Robin Rohlicek
Segment-Based Acoustic Models with Multi-level Search Algorithms for Continuous Speech Recognition

H89-2063: Harvey F. Silverman
A Microphone Array System for Speech Recognition

H89-2064: Raj Reddy
Speech Research at Carnegie Mellon

H89-2065: Eduard H. Hovy
THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE PENMAN LANGUAGE GENERATION SYSTEM

H89-2066: Victor W. Zue
Research and Development for Spoken Language Systems

H89-2067: Clifford J. Weinstein; Douglas B. Paul
Robust Speech Recognition Technology Program Summary

H89-2068: Beth Sundheim
Establishing Performance Baselines for Text Understanding Systems

H89-2069: Ralph Grishman
ROBUST NATURAL LANGUAGE ANALYSIS

H89-2070: J. Josephson; M. Beckman; R. Fox; A. Krishnamurthy; T. Patten; L. Feth; B. Chandrasekaran
PILOT PROJECT ON SPEECH RECOGNITION USING LAYERED ABDUCTION AND MULTIPLE KNOWLEDGE TYPES

H89-2071: James F Allen; Lenhart K Schubert
Natural Language, Knowledge Representation and Discourse

H89-2072: Dr. George Zweig
Preprocessors for Noisy Speech

H89-2073: Patti Price
Integration of Speech and Natural Language Understanding for Spoken Language Systems (SLS)

H89-2074: Hy Murveit
REAL-TIME SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEMS

H89-2075: Jerry R. Hobbs; Douglas Appelt; John Bear; Mark Stickel; Mabry Tyson
TACITUS: A Message Understanding System

H89-2076: M. Margaret Withgott; Ronald M. Kaplan
Analysis and Symbolic Processing of Unrestricted Speech

H89-2077: Dr. John Makhoul; Dr. Fred Jelinek; Dr. Larry Rabiner; Dr. Clifford Weinstein; Dr. Victor Zue
WHITE PAPER ON SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS

H89-2078: Ralph Weiscbedel; Jaime Carbonell; Barbara Grosz; Wendy Lehnert; Mitchell Marcus; Raymond Perrault; Robert Wilensky
White Paper on Natural Language Processing

H89-2079:
Author Index