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Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Harriman, New York, February 23-26, 1992

H92-1000: Front Matter

H92-1001: Mitchell P. Marcus
Overview of the Fifth DARPA Speech and Natural Language Workshop

H92-1002: James F. Allen
SESSION I: EVALUATING SPOKEN LANGUAGE

H92-1003: Lynette Hirschman
Multi-Site Data Collection for a Spoken Language Corpus

H92-1004: David S. Pallett; Nancy L. Dahlgren, ; Jonathan G. Fiscus; William M. Fisher; John S. Garofolo; Brett C. Tjaden
DARPA FEBRUARY 1992 ATIS BENCHMARK TEST RESULTS

H92-1005: Joseph Polifroni; Lynette Hirschman; Stephanie Seneff; Victor Zue
Experiments in Evaluating Interactive Spoken Language Systems

H92-1006: Patti Price; Lynette Hirschman; Elizabeth Shriberg; Elizabeth Wade
SUBJECT-BASED EVALUATION MEASURES FOR INTERACTIVE SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS

H92-1007: Wayne Ward
SESSION 2: SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS II

H92-1008: Christine Pao; Jay Wilpon
Spontaneous Speech Collection for the ATIS Domain with an Aural User Feedback Paradigm

H92-1009: Elizabeth Shriberg; Elizabeth Wade; Patti Price
Human-Machine Problem Solving Using Spoken Language Systems (SLS): Factors Affecting Performance and User Satisfaction

H92-1010: J. Mariani
Spoken Language Processing in the Framework of Human-Machine Communication at LIMSI

H92-1011: Roger Moore; Angela Morris
Experiences Collecting Genuine Spoken Enquiries using WOZ Techniques

H92-1012: John Makhoul
SESSION 3: SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEMS llI

H92-1013: Roberto Pieraccini; Evelyne Tzoukermann; Zakhar Gorelov; Esther Levin; Chin-Hui Lee; Jean-Luc Gauvain
Progress Report on the Chronus System: ATIS Benchmark Results

H92-1014: Francis Kubala; Chris Barry; Madeleine Bates; Robert Bobrow; Pascale Fung; Robert Ingria; John Makhoul; Long Nguyen; Richard Schwartz; David Stallard
BBN BYBLOS and HARC February 1992 ATIS Benchmark Results

H92-1015: Wayne Ward; Sunil lssar; Xuedong Huang; Hsiao-Wuen Hon; Mei-Yuh Hwang; Sheryl Young; Mike Matessa; Fu-Hua Liu; Richard Stern
SPEECH UNDERSTANDING IN OPEN TASKS

H92-1016: Victor Zue; James Glass; David Goddeau; David Goodine; Lynette Hirschman; Michael Phillips; Joseph Polifroni; Stephanie Seneff
T]he MIT ATIS System: February 1992 Progress Report

H92-1017: Lewis M. Norton; Deborah A. Dahl; Marcia C. Linebarger
Recent Improvements and Benchmark Results for Paramax ATIS System

H92-1018: Douglas E. Appelt; Eric Jackson
SRI INTERNATIONAL RESULTS FEBRUARY 1992 ATIS BENCHMARK TEST

H92-1019: Aravind K. Joshi
SESSION 4: STATISTICAL LANGUAGE MODELING

H92-1020: S. Della Pietra; V. Della Pietra; R. L. Mercer; S. Roukos
ADAPTIVE LANGUAGE MODELING USING MINIMUM DISCRIMINANT ESTIMATION*

H92-1021: Ronald Rosenfeld; Xuedong Huang
IMPROVEMENTS IN STOCHASTIC LANGUAGE MODELING

H92-1022: Eric Brill
A SIMPLE RULE-BASED PART OF SPEECH TAGGER

H92-1023: Ezra Black; Fred Jelinek; John Lafferty; Robert Mercer; Salim Roukos
Decision Tree Models Applied to the Labeling of Text with Parts-of-Speech

H92-1024: Fernando Pereira; Yves Schabes
INSIDE-OUTSIDE REESTIMATION FROM PARTIALLY BRACKETED CORPORA

H92-1025: David M. Magerman; Carl Weir
Probabilistic Prediction and Picky Chart Parsing

H92-1026: Ezra Black; Fred Jelinek; ohn Lafferty; David M. Magerman; Robert Mercer; Salim Roukos
Towards History-based Grammars: Using Richer Models for Probabilistic Parsing

H92-1027: Yves Schabes
STOCHASTIC TREE-ADJOINING GRAMMARS

H92-1028: Kevin Mark; Michael Miller; Ulf Grenander; Steve Abney
PARAMETER ESTIMATION FOR CONSTRAINED CONTEXT-FREE LANGUAGE MODELS

H92-1029: Donald Hindle
An Analogical Parser for Restricted Domains

H92-1030: Eric Brill; Mitchell Marcus
AUTOMATICALLY ACQUIRING PHRASE STRUCTURE USING DISTRIBUTIONAL ANALYSIS

H92-1031: Hy Murveit
SESSION 5a: ACOUSTIC MODELING

H92-1032: Sadaoki Furui; Kiyohiro Shikano; Shoichi Matsunaga; Tatsuo Matsuoka; Satoshi Takahashi; Tomokazu Yamada
RECENT TOPICS IN SPEECH RECOGNITION RESEARCH AT NTT LABORATORIES

H92-1033: Hsiao-Wuen Hon; Kai-Fu Lee
Vocabulary and Environment Adaptation in Vocabulary-Independent Speech Recognition

H92-1034: Mei-Yuh Hwang; Xuedong Huang
Subphonetic Modeling for Speech Recognition

H92-1035: S. Austin; G. Zavaliagkos; J. Makhoul; R. Schwartz
Improving State-of-the-Art Continuous Speech Recognition Systems Using the N-Best Paradigm with Neural Networks

H92-1036: Jean-Luc Gauvain; Chin-Hui Lee
MAP Estimation of Continuous Density HMM : Theory and Applications

H92-1037: Xuedong Huang
Minimizing Speaker Variation Effects for Speaker-Independent Speech Recognition

H92-1038: Owen Kimball; Mari Ostendorf; Robin Rohlicek
Recognition Using Classification and Segmentation Scoring

H92-1039: Donna Harman
Session 5b. Information Retrieval

H92-1040: Tomek Strzalkowski
INFORMATION RETRIEVAL USING ROBUST NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING

H92-1041: David D. Lewis
Feature Selection and Feature Extract ion for Text Categorization

H92-1042: Alexa T. McCray
INFERENCING IN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

H92-1043: Ellen Riloff; Wendy Lehnert
CLASSIFYING TEXTS USING RELEVANCY SIGNATURES

H92-1044: Paul S. Jacobs
SESSION 6: LEXICON AND LEXICAL SEMANTICS

H92-1045: William A. Gale; Kenneth W. Church; David Yarowsky
One Sense Per Discourse

H92-1046: Jim Cowie; Joe Guthrie; Louise Guthrie
Lexical Disambiguation using Simulated Annealing

H92-1047: James Pustejovsky
The Acquisition of Lexical Semantic Knowledge from Large Corpora

H92-1048: Victor W. Zue
SESSION 7: DEMONSTRATIONS AND VIDEOS

H92-1049: Steve Austin; Rusty Bobrow; Dan Ellard; Robert Ingria; John Makhoul; Long Nguyen; Pat Peterson; Paul Placeway; Richard Schwartz
BBN Real-Time Speech Recognition Demonstrations

H92-1050: Jerry R. Hobb
SESSION 8A: MACHINE TRANSLATION

H92-1051: Satoshi KINOSHITA; John PHILLIPS; Jun-ichi TSUJII
Interaction between Structural Changes in Machine Translation

H92-1052: Eduard Hovy; Sergei Nirenburg
APPROXIMATING AN INTERLINGUA IN A PRINCIPLED WAY

H92-1053: Peter F. Brown; Stephen A. Della Pietra; Vincent J. Della Pietra; Robert L. Mercer; Surya Mohanty
Dividing and Conquering Long Sentences in a Translation System

H92-1054: Jordan R. Cohen
SESSION 8B: ROBUST SPEECH PROCESSING

H92-1055: Richard M. Stern; Fu-Hua Liu; Yoshiaki Ohshima; Thomas M. Sullivan; Alejandro Acero
MULTIPLE APPROACHES TO ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION

H92-1056: Hy Murveit; John Butzberger; Mitch Weintraub
REDUCED CHANNEL DEPENDENCE FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION

H92-1057: Harvey F. Silverman; Smart E. Kirtman; John E. Adcock; Paul C. Meuse
Experimental Results for Baseline Speech Recognition Performance using Input Acquired from a Linear Microphone Array

H92-1058: Benjamin Chigier
PHONETIC CLASSIFICATION ON WIDE-BAND AND TELEPHONE QUALITY SPEECH

H92-1059: Kathleen McKeown
SESSION 9: NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSINGS

H92-1060: Stephanie Seneff
A Relaxation Method for Understanding Speech Utterances

H92-1061: David Stallard; Robert Bobrow
Fragment Processing in the DELPHI System

H92-1062: Robert Bobrow; Robert Ingria; David Stallard
SYNTACTIC/SEMANTIC COUPLING IN THE BBN DELPHI SYSTEM

H92-1063: Ralph Weischedel; Damaris Ayuso; Sean Boisen; Heidi Fox; Robert Ingria
A NEW APPROACH TO TEXT UNDERSTANDING

H92-1064: Sharon M. Walter
NEAL-MONTGOMERY NLP SYSTEM EVALUATION METHODOLOGY

H92-1065: George R. Doddington
Session 10: Large Vocabulary CSR

H92-1066: Larry Gillick; Barbara Peskin; Robert Roth
RAPID MATCH TRAINING FOR LARGE VOCABULARIES

H92-1067: P. Kenny; R. Hollan; G. Boulianne; H. Garudadri; M. Lennig; D. O'Shaughnessy
An A* algorithm for very large vocabulary continuous speech recognition

H92-1068: John Butzberger; Hy Murveit; Elizabeth Shriberg; Patti Price
Spontaneous Speech Effects In Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition Applications

H92-1069: Jean-Luc Gauvain; Lori F. Lamel
Speaker-Independent Phone Recognition Using BREF

H92-1070: Mark Liberman
SESSION lOb: CORE NL LEXICON AND GRAMMAR

H92-1071: Jerry R. Hobbs
A NATIONAL RESOURCE GRAMMAR

H92-1072: Clifford J. Weinstein
SESSION 11: CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION AND EVALUATION I

H92-1073: Douglas B. Paul; Janet M. Baker
The Design for the Wall Street Journal-based CSR Corpus

H92-1074: George R. Doddington
CSR Corpus Development

H92-1075: Michael Phillips; James Glass; Joseph Polifroni; Victor Zue
Collection and Analyses of WSJ-CSR Data at MIT

H92-1076: Jared Bernstein; Denise Danielson
SPONTANEOUS SPEECH COLLECTION FOR THE CSR CORPUS

H92-1077: Clifford J. Weinstein
SESSION 12: CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION AND EVALUATION II

H92-1078: David S. Pallett
DARPA FEBRUARY 1992 PILOT CORPUS CSR "DRY RUN" BENCHMARK TEST RESULTS

H92-1079: James Baker; Janet Baker; Paul Bamberg; Kathleen Bishop; Larry Gillick; Vera Helman; Zezhen Huang; Yoshiko Ito; Stephen Lowe; Barbara Peskin; Robert Roth; Francesco Scattone
Large Vocabulary Recognition of Wall Street Journal Sentences at Dragon Systems

H92-1080: F. Alleva; H. Hon; X. Huang; M. Hwang; R. Rosenfeld; R. Weide
Applying SPHINX-II to the DARPA Wall Street Journal CSR Task

H92-1081: Douglas B. Paul
The Lincoln Large-Vocabulary HMM CSR

H92-1082: Douglas B. Paul
An Efficient A* Stack Decoder Algorithm for Continuous Speech Recognition with a Stochastic Language Model

H92-1083: Hy Murveit; John Butzberger; Mitch Weintraub
PERFORMANCE OF SRI'S DECIPHER TM SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM ON DARPA'S CSR TASK

H92-1084: Patti Price; Julia Hirschberg
SESSION 13: PROSODY

H92-1085: Elizabeth Shriberg; John Bear; John Doweling
Automatic Detection and Correction of Repairs in Human-Computer Dialog*

H92-1086: Steven Abney
PROSODIC STRUCTURE, PERFORMANCE STRUCTURE AND PHRASE STRUCTURE

H92-1087: N. M. Veilleuz; M. Ostendorf
Probabilistic Parse Scoring Based on Prosodic Phrasing

H92-1088: Kim E.A. Silverman; Eleonora Blaauw; Judith Spitz; John F Pitrelli
TOWARDS USING PROSODY IN SPEECH RECOGNITION/UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN READ AND SPONTANEOUS SPEECH

H92-1089: Julia Hirschberg; Barbara Grosz
Intonational Features of Local and Global Discourse Structure

H92-1090: Charles L. Wayne
SESSION 14: GOVERNMENT PANEL

H92-1091: Y. T. Chien
Language and Speech Meets the HPCC Grand Challenge

H92-1092: Charles R. Jankowski Jr.; Richard P Lippmann
COMPARISON OF AUDITORY MODELS FOR ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION

H92-1093: Ashvin Kannan; Mari Ostendorf; J. Robin Rohlicek
Weight Estimation for N-Best Rescoring

H92-1094: Ellen Riloff; Wendy Lehnert
AUGMENTING WITH SLOT FILLER RELEVANCY SIGNATURES DATA

H92-1095: Deborah A. Dahl; Carl Weir; Suzanne Liebowitz Taylor; Lewis M. Norton; Marcia C. Linebarger; Mark Lipshutz
Language Understanding Research at Paramax

H92-1096: John Makhoul; Madeleine Bates
DEVELOPMENT OF A SPOKEN LANGUAGE SYSTEM

H92-1097: John Makhoul; Richard Schwartz
ROBUST CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION

H92-1098: Ralph Weischedel
ROBUSTNESS, PORTABILITY, AND SCALABILITY LANGUAGE SYSTEMS

H92-1099: Marl Ostendorf; Patti Price
Evaluating the Use of Prosodic Information in Speech Recognition and Understanding

H92-1100: Marl Ostendorf; J. Robin Rohlicek
Segment-Based Acoustic Models with Multi-level Search Algorithms for Continuous Speech Recognition

H92-1101: Harvey F. Silverman
Microphone-Array Systems for Speech Recognition Input

H92-1102: Raj Reddy
SPOKEN-LANGUAGE RESEARCH AT CARNEGIE MELLON

H92-1103: Kathleen McKeown; Diane Litman; Rebecca Passonneau
Extracting Constraints on Word Usage from Large Text Corpora

H92-1104: Janet Baker; Larry Gillick; Robert Roth
RESEARCH IN CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION AT DRAGON SYSTEMS UNDER THE DARPA SLS PROGRAM

H92-1105: John Shore
PORTABLE SOFTWARE MODULES FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION (DARPA PHASE II SBIR Contract DAAH01-91-C-R297)

H92-1106: David Talkin
SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FROM SLS

H92-1107: Victor Zue; Lynette Hirschman
Spoken Language Recognition and Understanding

H92-1108: Richard P. Lippmann
Evaluation and Analysis of Auditory Model Front Ends for Robust Speech Recognition Program Summary

H92-1109: Clifford J. Weinstein; Douglas B. Paul
Robust Continuous Speech Recognition Technology Program Summary

H92-1110: David S. Pallett
NIST-DARPA Interagency Agreement: Spoken Language Program

H92-1111: Beth M. Sundheim
EVALUATING TEXT UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS

H92-1112: Y. Wilks; J. Pustejovsky; J. Cowie
Diderot: TIPSTER Program, Automatic Data Extraction from Text Utilizing Semantic Analysis

H92-1113: Y. Wilk
Pangloss: A Knowledge-based Machine Assisted Translation Research Project - Site

H92-1114: Y. Wilks
THE CONSORTIUM FOR LEXICAL RESEARCH

H92-1115: Ralph Grishman
RESEARCH IN NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING

H92-1116: George A. Miller
WORDNET: A LEXICAL DATABASE FOR ENGLISH

H92-1117: Kate Hunicke-Smith; Jared Bernstein
ANNOTATION OF ATIS DATA

H92-1118: Denise Danielson; Jared Bernstein
CSR DATA COLLECTION PILOT

H92-1119: Mitchel Weintraub
REAL-TIME SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM

H92-1120: Patti Price; Robert C.Moore
A Real-Time Spoken-Language System for Interactive Problem Solving

H92-1121: Jerry R. Hobbs
TACITUS: RESEARCH IN TEXT UNDERSTANDING

H92-1122: Wendy G. Lehnert
NLP AND TEXT UNIVERSITY OF ANALYSIS AT THE MASSACHUSETTS

H92-1123: Aravind Joshi; Mitch Marcus; Mark Steedman; Bonnie Webber
Natural Language Research

H92-1124: Eduard Hovy
IN-DEPTH KNOWLEDGE-BASED MACHINE TRANSLATION