Acronyms

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A

  • AAC = Augmented and Assisted Communication
  • AAVE = African American Vernacular English
  • ACL = Association for Computational Linguistics
  • ACTFL = American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
  • ADJ = Adjective
  • ADV = Adverb
  • AF = Anglo-French
  • AFNLP = Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing
  • AI = Artificial Intelligence
  • AL = Artificial Language
  • ALPAC = Automated Language Processing Advisory Committee
  • ALPS = Automated Language Processing System
  • ART = Article
  • AS = Anglo-Saxon
  • ASL = American Sign Language
  • ASR = Automatic Speech Recognition
  • ATR = Advanced Tongue Root
  • AUX = Auxiliary Verb/Auxiliary

B

  • BE = Black English/Bilingual Education
  • BEV = Black English Vernacular
  • BICS = Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
  • BT = Baby Talk

C

  • CA = Conversation Analysis/Contrastive Analysis
  • CALL = Computer-Assisted Language Learning
  • CALP = Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
  • CAP = Control Agreement Principle
  • CAT = Computer Assisted/Aided Translation
  • CD = Communicative Dynamism
  • CDS = Child-Directed Speech
  • CED = Collins English Dictionary
  • CCG = Combinatory Categorial Grammar
  • ChE = Chicano English
  • CHILDES = Child Language Data Exchange System
  • CHO = Chomeur
  • CL = Computational Linguistics
  • CLD = Cultural and Linguistic Diversity
  • CLIL = Content and Language Integrated Learning
  • CLT = Communicative Laguage Teaching
  • COBUILD = Collins Birmingham University International Language Database
  • COLING = International Conference on Computational Linguistics
  • CP = Complementizer Phrase
  • CSL = Chinese Sign Language
  • CULT = Chinese Universty Language Translator
  • CV = Cardinal Vowel/ Consonant-Vowel
  • CVC = Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (letter order)

D

  • D = Determiner
  • DA = Discourse Analysis
  • DAF = Delayed Auditory Feedback
  • DBE = Developmental Bilingual Education
  • DET = Determiner
  • DO = Direct Object
  • DP = Determiner Phrase
  • DRS = Discourse Representation Structure
  • DRT = Discourse Representation Theory
  • DTE = Designated Terminal Element

E

  • EACL = European chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics
  • EBMT = Example-based machine translation
  • ECM = Exceptional Case Marking
  • ECP = Empty Category Principle
  • EFL = English as a Foreign Language
  • ELL = English Language Learner
  • ELV = Ethnolinguistic Vitality
  • EMG = Electromyograph
  • EPG = Electropalatograph
  • EQUI = Equi NP Deletion
  • ESL = English as a Second Language
  • ESOL = English for Speakers of Other Languages
  • EST = Extended Standard Theory
  • EURALEX = European Association for Lexicography

F

  • F = French
  • FAHQMT = Fully Automated High-Quality Machine Translation
  • FFP = Foot Feature Principle
  • FIS = Free Indirect Speech
  • FL = Foreign Language
  • FLES = Foreign Language in Elementary Schools
  • FLL = Foreign-Language Learning
  • FLT = Foreign-Language Teaching
  • FSP = Free Indirect Speech

G

  • G = German
  • GB = Government and Binding Theory

H

  • HAMT = Human Assisted/Aided Machine Translation
  • HFC = Head Feature Convention
  • HILT = High Intensity Language Training
  • HLS = Home Language Survey
  • HLT = Human Language Technologies
  • HPSG = Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar

I

  • IA = Item and Arrangement
  • IC = Intermediate Constituent
  • ICAME = International Computer Archive of Modern English
  • ID = Immediate Dominance
  • IE = Indo-European
  • IEP = Intensive English Program
  • IO = Indirect Object
  • IPA = International Phonetic Alphabet
  • IR = Information Retrieval
  • IST = Information Society Technologies
  • ISV = International Scientific Vocabulary

K

  • KR = Knowledge Representation

L

  • L = Latin
  • L1,L2 = First Language, Second Language
  • LAD = Language Acquisition Device
  • LARSP = Language Assessment, Remediation, and Screening Procedure
  • LCS = Lexical Component Structure
  • LF = Logical Form
  • LFG = Lexical Functional Grammar
  • LG = Low German
  • LIPOC = Language-Independent Preferred Order of Constituents
  • LL = Late Latin
  • LOC = Lcative
  • LP Rule - Linear Precedence Rule
  • LPC Synthesis = Linear Prediction Coefficient Synthesis
  • LSA = Latent Semantic Analysis; Linguistic Society of America
  • LSP = Language for Specific Purposes

M

  • MAHT = Machine Assised/Aided Human Translation
  • MD = Middle Dutch
  • MDP = Minimal Distance Principle
  • ME = Middle English
  • MF = Middle French
  • MHG = Middle High German
  • ML = Medieval Latin
  • MLA = Modern Language Association
  • MLG = Middle Low German
  • MLU = Mean Length of Utterance(s)
  • MPD = Merriam-Webster Pocket Dicionary
  • MRD = Machine-Readable Dictionary
  • MT = Mechanical Translation/Machine Translation
  • MW = Middle Welsh

N

  • NAACL = North American chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics
  • NCLRC = National Capital Language Resource Center
  • NE = Named Entity
  • NEALT = Northern European Association for Language Technology
  • NER = Named Entity Recognition
  • NGP = Natural Generative Phonology
  • NL = New Latin
  • NLG = Natural Language Generation
  • NLP = Natural Language Processing
  • NLU = Natural Language Understanding
  • NML = National Museum of Language
  • NOM = Nominative
  • NORM = Non-mobile Older Rural Male
  • NP = Noun Phrase
  • NVC = Non-Verbal Communication

O

  • OALD = Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary
  • OCS = Old Church Slavic
  • OE = Old English
  • OED = Oxford English Dictionary
  • OF = Old French
  • OHG = Old High German
  • OL = Old Latin
  • ON = Old Norse
  • OS = Old Saxon
  • OW = Old Welsh

P

  • PERF = Perfect/Perfective
  • PF = Phonetic Form
  • PGSS = Paget-Gorman Sign System
  • POS = Part of Speech
  • POV = Point of View
  • PP = Prepositional Phrase
  • PR = Preposition
  • PREP = Preposition
  • PRT = Particle
  • PS = Phrase Structure
  • PSG = Phrase Structure Grammar

Q

  • QR = Quantifier Raising

R

  • RT = Response Time/Reaction Time
  • RTE = Recognising Textual Entailment

S

  • SAE = Standard American English
  • SIL = Summer Institute of Linguistics
  • SL = Second Language
  • SLA = Second Language Acquisition/ Sign Language Associates, Inc.
  • SLT = Spoken Language Translation
  • SNS = Spanish for Native Speakers
  • SPL = Sound Pressure Level
  • SSL = Spanish as a Second Language

T

  • TAG = Tree-Adjoining Grammar
  • TG = Transformational Grammar
  • TINLAP = Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing
  • TLA = Three-letter acronym
  • TMI = Theoretical and Methodological Issues (in Machine Translation)

U

  • UG = Universal Grammar
  • UPSID = University of California, Los Angeles, Phonological Segment Inventory Database

V

  • VL = Vulgar Latin
  • VOT = Voice Onset Time
  • VP = Verb Phrase

W

  • W = Welsh
  • W3I = Merriam-Webster Third International Dictionary
  • W7 = Merriam-Webster Seventh Collegiate Dictionary (Generally, Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, Nth Edition)
  • WSD = Word Sense Disambiguation