Taxonomy of Language Subjects (Other than Names of Languages)

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Contents

Ability, Influence of age on

 Language acquisition--Age factors

Accents and accentuation

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics

Adaptability (Psychology)--Testing

 Purdue Non-Language Adaptability Test

Aeronautics--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for air pilots) [PE3727.A35]

Afro-American students

 English language--Study and teaching--Afro-American students

Afro-Americans--Education

 English language--Study and teaching--Afro-American students

Agriculture--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for farmers)

Air pilots

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for air pilots) [PE3727.A35]

Air travel--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for flight attendants) [PE1116.F55]

Alphabet

 Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
   Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
   Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
     Morse code
 Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
   Aljamâia
   Båa® (The Arabic letter)
   Dad (The Arabic letter)
   Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
   Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
   Låam (The Arabic letter)
   òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
 Bharati alphabet
 Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
 Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
 Cuneiform writing
   Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
 Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
 Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
 Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
   Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
 Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
 Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
 Inscriptions, Linear A
   Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
 Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
 Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
 Modi alphabet [PK2361]
 Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
 Pasigraphy
   Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
   INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
   Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
   Neoglify (Picture language)
 Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
 Runes
 Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]

Alphabet--Data processing

 Character sets (Data processing)

Alphabet--Folklore

 Alphabet rhymes [GR486]

Alphabet--Religious aspects--Hinduism

 Bijas

Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]

 Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
 Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
   Morse code [Z43 (Calligraphy)]

Altaic languages--Study and teaching

 Altaists

American literature

 Dialect literature, American

American poetry

 Dialect poetry, American

Analysis (Philosophy)

 Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)
   Asymmetry (Linguistics)
   Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
   Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
       Parts of speech
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
   Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics)
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
       Parts of speech
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
   Economy (Linguistics)
   Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
   Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
   Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
     Formal languages [QA267.3]
       AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
       Graph grammars
       L systems
       PARIS (Formal language)
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       SYNTOL (Formal language)
   Glossematics
   Hierarchy (Linguistics)
     Stratificational grammar
   Metalanguage [P128.M48]
   Minimal pair (Linguistics)
   Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
   Systemic grammar [P149]
   Tagmemics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
   Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]
 Ordinary-language philosophy [B828.36]

Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]

 Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P35-P35.5]
 Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P35-P35.5]

Anthropology

 Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]
   Linguistic paleontology [P35]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
 Language and languages [P1-P410]
   Alien labor--Language
   Antisemitism in language
   Bilingualism
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
   Children, Deaf--Language
   Children--Language [LB1139.L3]
     Communicative competence in children
     Language awareness in children [P118]
     Physically handicapped children--Language
     Verbal ability in children
   Christian education and language [BV1464]
   Christian union--Language question
   Classification--Books--Language and languages
   Colloquial language [P408]
     Conversation
     Latin language, Colloquial
     Slang [P409-P410]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
   Confusion of tongues
   Courts and courtiers--Language
   Elocution
   Executives--Language
   Formal languages [QA267.3]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
     Graph grammars
     L systems
     PARIS (Formal language)
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     SYNTOL (Formal language)
   Imaginary languages
   Judgment
   Language and education
     Education, Bilingual
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
     Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Communication in foreign language education
       Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language and languages--Ability testing
         Bankson language screening test
         Children--Language--Testing
           Bankson language screening test
           Denver Articulation Screening Exam
           Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
           Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
           Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
           Reynell Developmental Language Scales
           Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
           Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
           Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Television in foreign language education
     Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
       Language camps
       Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.
     Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]
     Native language--Study and teaching
   Linguistic change
     Glottochronology
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
     Neogrammarians [P75]
   Linguistics [P121-P141]
     Analogy (Linguistics)
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
     Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Applied linguistics
       Computational linguistics [P98]
         Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion
         COMSKEE (Computer program language)
         Computer poetry
         Computer prose
         EPICURE (Computer system)
         Lexicography--Data processing
         Lexicology--Data processing
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         MIND (Computer system)
         Machine translating [P307-P310]
           Etap-2 (Computer system)
           Garni computer
           Ural computer
         Network grammar [P98]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Psli3 (Computer system)
         SUSY (Computer system)
         SYGMART (Computer program language)
         Speech processing systems
           NUMAUDO (Computer program language)
         Word processing--Foreign languages
       Language services [P40.5.L36]
         Translating services
           Congresses and conventions--Translating services
           International agencies--Translating services
           United Nations--Translating services
       Machine translating [P307-P310]
         Etap-2 (Computer system)
         Garni computer
         Ural computer
       Mathematical linguistics
         Dependency grammar [P162]
         Glossematics
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
         IPL (Computer program language)
         Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
         Linguistics--Graphic methods
         Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
           Language and languages--Word frequency
             Zipf's law
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Semantics--Mathematical models
     Archaisms (Linguistics)
     Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6]
       Languages in contact
         Bilingualism
           Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
         Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895]
           Arabic-Afrikaans dialect
           Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
             Saramaccan language
           Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164]
           Franco-Venetian language
           Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5]
           Hobson-jobson
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Manipravalam language (Malayalam)
           Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44]
           Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5]
           Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Lingua francas
           Filipino language
           Indoubill language
           Kituba language
           Lingala language [PL8456]
           Mobilian trade language [PM1855]
           Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3]
           Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895]
             Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
               Saramaccan language
             Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3]
             Pidgin Dutch
             Pidgin English [PM7891]
               Bislama language [PM7895.B4]
               Tok Pisin language
             Pidgin German
           Sango language [PL8641]
         Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
       Linguistic geography [P375-P381]
         Language surveys
     Asymmetry (Linguistics)
     Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
     Biolinguistics [P41]
       Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]
         Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Psycholinguistics [P37]
         Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
           Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
             Componential analysis (Linguistics)
               Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
                 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                   Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
                 Parts of speech
                   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Cognitive grammar [P165]
         Communicative competence
         Generative grammar
           Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
           Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
           Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
           Lexical phonology
           Lexical-functional grammar
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Montague grammar [P158.5]
           Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
             Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
           Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
             Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
             Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
           Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
           Relational grammar
             Arc pair grammar
           Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
         Language acquisition [P118]
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Language awareness in children [P118]
           Language transfer (Language learning)
             Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Second language acquisition [P118.2]
         Language awareness
         Mentally handicapped--Language
         Racism in language
         Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
         Sound symbolism
         Speech errors
           Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
         Speech perception
     Classification--Books--Linguistics
     Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Cohesion (Linguistics)
     Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Context (Linguistics)
     Contrastive linguistics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Economy (Linguistics)
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Forensic linguistics
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
       Formal languages [QA267.3]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
         Graph grammars
         L systems
         PARIS (Formal language)
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         SYNTOL (Formal language)
     Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
     Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295]
       Ambiguity
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Applicative grammar
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Categorial grammar [P161]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Conditionals (Logic)
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)
         Asymmetry (Linguistics)
         Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
         Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Economy (Linguistics)
         Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
         Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
         Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
           Formal languages [QA267.3]
             AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
             Graph grammars
             L systems
             PARIS (Formal language)
             Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
               Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
             SYNTOL (Formal language)
         Glossematics
         Hierarchy (Linguistics)
           Stratificational grammar
         Metalanguage [P128.M48]
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
         Systemic grammar [P149]
         Tagmemics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Network grammar [P98]
       Order (Grammar) [P299.O73]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order
           Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213]
       Parenthesis (Rhetoric)
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Role and reference grammar
       Speculative grammar [P156]
       Stratificational grammar
       Systemic grammar [P149]
       Tagmemics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Graphemics
       English language--Graphemics
     Hesitation form (Linguistics)
     Hierarchy (Linguistics)
       Stratificational grammar
     Historical linguistics [P140]
       Comparative linguistics [P123]
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Nostratic hypothesis
         Semantics [P325]
           Ambiguity
           Antonyms
           Collocation (Linguistics)
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
           Componential analysis in anthropology
           Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
           Definition (Logic)
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Discourse analysis
             Cohesion (Linguistics)
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
             Register (Linguistics)
               Vocal registers
             Sublanguage [P120.S9]
               Terms and phrases
                 Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
                 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
                   Erotic proverbs
                   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
           Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
           Euphemism
           Field theory (Linguistics)
           Formal languages--Semantics
           Game-theoretical semantics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
           Heteronyms
           Idioms
           Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
             Montague grammar [P158.5]
             Presupposition (Logic)
             Proposition (Logic)
           Onomasiology
             Reference (Linguistics)
               Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
               Cataphora
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Paraphrase
           Phraseology
             Idioms
           Play on words
           Polysemy
           Reference (Linguistics)
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
             Cataphora
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Semantic differential technique
           Semiotics
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Synonyms
       Historical lexicology [P326]
         Language and languages--Etymology [P321]
           Cognate words
           Hand--Words for
           Linguistic paleontology [P35]
           Onomastics
         Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]
           Pejoration (Linguistics)
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Linguistic change
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Neogrammarians [P75]
       Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2]
         Linguistic paleontology [P35]
     Idioms
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
       Caesura in versification
     Linguistic models
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Mathematical linguistics
       Dependency grammar [P162]
       Glossematics
       Glottochronology
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
       IPL (Computer program language)
       Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
       Linguistics--Graphic methods
       Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
         Language and languages--Word frequency
           Zipf's law
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Semantics--Mathematical models
     Minimal pair (Linguistics)
     Modality (Linguistics)
     Naturalness (Linguistics)
     Neurolinguistics [QP399]
     Neutralization (Linguistics)
     Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Parallelism (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton
     Pejoration (Linguistics)
     Phonetics [P221-P227]
       Aspiration (Phonetics)
       Assimilation (Phonetics)
       Clicks (Phonetics)
         African languages--Clicks
         Khoisan languages--Clicks
       Consonants
         Aspiration (Phonetics)
         Clicks (Phonetics)
           African languages--Clicks
           Khoisan languages--Clicks
         Coronals (Phonetics)
         Gemination
         S (The sound)
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Forensic phonetics
       H (The sound)
       Haplology
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Labiality (Phonetics) [P238]
       Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions
       Laryngeals (Phonetics)
       Monophthongization
       Mutation (Phonetics)
       Palatalization
       Phonemics
         Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245]
         Functional load (Linguistics)
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
           African languages--Tone
           Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
           Attie language--Tone
           Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
           Baoulâe language--Tone
           Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
           Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
           Dyula language--Tone
           Efik language--Tone
           Etsako language--Tone
           Igbo language--Tone
           Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
             Whistle speech
           Kalenjin language--Tone
           Kinyarwanda language--Tone
           Moorâe language--Tone
           Nama language--Tone
           Nguni languages--Tone
           Rundi language--Tone
           Shona language--Tone
           Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
           Venda language--Tone
           Xhosa language--Tone
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
         Accents and accentuation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Duration (Phonetics)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
           Caesura in versification
         Language and languages--Rhythm
           Caesura in versification
         Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       S (The sound)
       Sonorants (Phonetics)
         Nasality (Phonetics)
         Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
           Formants (Speech)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
             Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
             Okpe language--Vowel harmony
             Votic language--Vowel harmony
           Shwa (Phonetics)
       Sound symbolism
       Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
         African languages--Tone
         Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
         Attie language--Tone
         Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
         Baoulâe language--Tone
         Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
         Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
         Dyula language--Tone
         Efik language--Tone
         Etsako language--Tone
         Igbo language--Tone
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Kalenjin language--Tone
         Kinyarwanda language--Tone
         Moorâe language--Tone
         Nama language--Tone
         Nguni languages--Tone
         Rundi language--Tone
         Shona language--Tone
         Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
         Venda language--Tone
         Xhosa language--Tone
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
     Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
       Accents and accentuation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
         Caesura in versification
       Language and languages--Rhythm
         Caesura in versification
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
     Psycholinguistics [P37]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Communicative competence
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
       Language acquisition [P118]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
         Language awareness in children [P118]
         Language transfer (Language learning)
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
         Second language acquisition [P118.2]
       Language awareness
       Mentally handicapped--Language
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Sound symbolism
       Speech errors
         Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
       Speech perception
     Redundancy (Linguistics)
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Register (Linguistics)
       Vocal registers
     Sociolinguistics [P40]
       Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
       Interviewing in sociolinguistics
       Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Language planning [P40.5.L35]
         Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
           English-only movement
           International agencies--Language policy
           United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
         Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
         Standard language [P368]
       Language purism [P40.5.L354]
       Language revival
       Language spread [P40.5.L37]
       Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
       Linguistic minorities
       Literature and society
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Structural linguistics
       Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
       Systemic grammar [P149]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Typology (Linguistics)
       Linguistic models
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics)
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
           Parts of speech
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Word (Linguistics)
   Mass media and language
   Mentally handicapped--Language
   Metal, Words for
   Mimetic words
   Multilingualism
   Music and language [ML3849]
   Native language
   Nonsexist language
   Onomatopoeia
   Oratory
   Parapsychology and language [BF1045.L35]
   Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
   Physically handicapped children--Language
   Psycholinguistics [P37]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Cognitive grammar [P165]
     Communicative competence
     Generative grammar
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
       Lexical phonology
       Lexical-functional grammar
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
     Language acquisition [P118]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language awareness in children [P118]
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2]
     Language awareness
     Mentally handicapped--Language
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Sound symbolism
     Speech errors
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
     Speech perception
   Racism in language
   Schizophrenics--Language
     Contamination (Psychology)
     Schizophasia
   Semantics (Philosophy)
     Game-theoretical semantics
     General semantics [B820]
       Epistemics
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Liar paradox
     Meaning (Philosophy)
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Performative (Philosophy)
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Private language problem
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Semantics [P325]
     Ambiguity
     Antonyms
     Collocation (Linguistics)
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Componential analysis in anthropology
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Definition (Logic)
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Discourse analysis
       Cohesion (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
       Register (Linguistics)
         Vocal registers
       Sublanguage [P120.S9]
         Terms and phrases
           Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
           Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
             Erotic proverbs
             Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Euphemism
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Formal languages--Semantics
     Game-theoretical semantics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
     Heteronyms
     Idioms
     Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Presupposition (Logic)
       Proposition (Logic)
     Onomasiology
       Reference (Linguistics)
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
         Cataphora
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Paraphrase
     Phraseology
       Idioms
     Play on words
     Polysemy
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Semantic differential technique
     Semiotics
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Synonyms
   Shepherds--Language
   Sign language [P117 (General)]
     American Sign Language
     Australian aborigines--Sign language
     British Sign Language
     Indian sign language [E98.S5]
     Walbiri (Australian people)--Sign language
   Sociolinguistics [P40]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
         English-only movement
         International agencies--Language policy
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354]
     Language revival
     Language spread [P40.5.L37]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
     Linguistic minorities
     Literature and society
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
   Space and time in language [P35]
   Speech
     Children, Deaf--Language
     Colloquial language [P408]
       Conversation
       Latin language, Colloquial
       Slang [P409-P410]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Standard language [P368]
   Statesmen--Language
   Teachers--Language
   Tramps--Language
   Translating and interpreting
     Court interpreting and translating
     Dubbing of motion pictures
     Folk poetry--Translating
     Information theory in translating
     Machine translating [P307-P310]
       Etap-2 (Computer system)
       Garni computer
       Ural computer
     Translating services
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services
       International agencies--Translating services
       United Nations--Translating services
   Translingua script
   Voice
     Nasality (Phonetics)
     Sonorants (Phonetics)
       Nasality (Phonetics)
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
   Women--Language
   Writing
     Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
       Writing, Copperplate
     Chinese language--Cursive writing
     English language--Writing
     Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
       Alphabet
         Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
           Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
           Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
             Morse code
         Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
           Aljamâia
           Båa® (The Arabic letter)
           Dad (The Arabic letter)
           Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Låam (The Arabic letter)
           òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
         Bharati alphabet
         Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
         Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
         Cuneiform writing
           Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
         Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
         Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
         Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
           Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
         Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
         Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
         Inscriptions, Linear A
           Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
         Modi alphabet [PK2361]
         Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
         Pasigraphy
           Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
           INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
           Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
           Neoglify (Picture language)
         Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
         Runes
         Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
       Writing--History
     Japanese language--Cursive writing
     Japanese language--Writing, Seal style
     Korean language--Cursive writing
     Language and languages--Orthography and spelling
       Diacritics
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
       Spelling errors
     Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
       Abbreviations
       Bark inscriptions
       Bone carving
       Copyists
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
         Alphabet
           Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
             Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
             Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
               Morse code
           Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
             Aljamâia
             Båa® (The Arabic letter)
             Dad (The Arabic letter)
             Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
             Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
             Låam (The Arabic letter)
             òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
           Bharati alphabet
           Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
           Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
           Cuneiform writing
             Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
           Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
           Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
           Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
             Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
           Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
           Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
           Inscriptions, Linear A
             Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
           Modi alphabet [PK2361]
           Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
           Pasigraphy
             Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
             INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
             Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
             Neoglify (Picture language)
           Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
           Runes
           Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
         Writing--History
       Manuscripts (Papyri)
         Coptic language--Papyri
         Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
       Ostraka
       Paleographers
       Palm-leaf inscriptions
       Runes
       Scriptoria
       Signatures (Writing)
       Stichometry
       Tironian notes
       Writing, Humanistic
       Writing, Minuscule
       Writing, Uncial
     Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350]
   Written communication
     Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126]
     English language--Written English
     German language--Written German
     Italian language--Written Italian
     Low German language--Written Low German
     Navajo language--Written Navajo
     Portuguese language--Written Portuguese
     Spanish language--Written Spanish
     Tamil language--Written Tamil

Applied linguistics

 Computational linguistics [P98]
   Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion
   COMSKEE (Computer program language)
   Computer poetry
   Computer prose
   EPICURE (Computer system)
   Lexicography--Data processing
   Lexicology--Data processing
   Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
   MIND (Computer system)
   Machine translating [P307-P310]
     Etap-2 (Computer system)
     Garni computer
     Ural computer
   Network grammar [P98]
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
   Psli3 (Computer system)
   SUSY (Computer system)
   SYGMART (Computer program language)
   Speech processing systems
     NUMAUDO (Computer program language)
   Word processing--Foreign languages
 Language services [P40.5.L36]
   Translating services
     Congresses and conventions--Translating services
     International agencies--Translating services
     United Nations--Translating services
 Machine translating [P307-P310]
   Etap-2 (Computer system)
   Garni computer
   Ural computer
 Mathematical linguistics
   Dependency grammar [P162]
   Glossematics
   Glottochronology
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
   IPL (Computer program language)
   Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
   Linguistics--Graphic methods
   Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
     Language and languages--Word frequency
       Zipf's law
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
   Semantics--Mathematical models

Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]

 Aljamâia [PJ6123]
 Båa® (The Arabic letter) [PJ6123]
 Dad (The Arabic letter) [PJ6123]
 Hamzah (The Arabic letter) [PJ6123]
 Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [PJ6123]
 Låam (The Arabic letter) [PJ6123]
 òZåa® (The Arabic letter) [PJ6123]

Arabic alphabet--Transliteration

 Arabic language--Transliteration
 Persian language--Transliteration
 Urdu language--Transliteration

Arabic poetry

 Dialect poetry, Arabic

Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6]

 Languages in contact [P130-P130.6]
   Bilingualism [P130-P130.6]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [P130-P130.6]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P130-P130.6]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P130-P130.6]
   Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895] [P130-P130.6]
     Arabic-Afrikaans dialect [P130-P130.6]
     Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [P130-P130.6]
       Saramaccan language [P130-P130.6]
     Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164] [P130-P130.6]
     Franco-Venetian language [P130-P130.6]
     Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5] [P130-P130.6]
     Hobson-jobson [P130-P130.6]
     Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P130-P130.6]
     Manipravalam language (Malayalam) [P130-P130.6]
     Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44] [P130-P130.6]
     Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5] [P130-P130.6]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P130-P130.6]
   Lingua francas [P130-P130.6]
     Filipino language [P130-P130.6]
     Indoubill language [P130-P130.6]
     Kituba language [P130-P130.6]
     Lingala language [PL8456] [P130-P130.6]
     Mobilian trade language [PM1855] [P130-P130.6]
     Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3] [P130-P130.6]
     Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895] [P130-P130.6]
       Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [P130-P130.6]
         Saramaccan language [P130-P130.6]
       Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3] [P130-P130.6]
       Pidgin Dutch [P130-P130.6]
       Pidgin English [PM7891] [P130-P130.6]
         Bislama language [PM7895.B4] [P130-P130.6]
         Tok Pisin language [P130-P130.6]
       Pidgin German [P130-P130.6]
     Sango language [PL8641] [P130-P130.6]
   Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P130-P130.6]
   Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P130-P130.6]
 Linguistic geography [P375-P381] [P130-P130.6]
   Language surveys [P130-P130.6]

Arizona--Antiquities

 Hieroglyphic Canyon Site (Ariz.)

Armenian language, Modern

 East Armenian dialect [PK8451-PK8499]
 West Armenian dialect [PK8450-PK8450.4]

Aromanian dialect

 Istro-Romanian dialect [PC798]

Artificial intelligence

 Machine translating [P307-P310]
   Etap-2 (Computer system)
   Garni computer
   Ural computer
 Natural language processing (Computer science) [QA76.9.N38]
   FERRET (Information retrieval system)

Assembler language (Computer program language)

 IBAL (Computer program language)
 MACRO-10 (Computer program language) [QA76.73.M]
 MACRO-11 (Computer program language) [QA76.73.M]

Assyro-Babylonian literature

 Cuneiform inscriptions [PK]

Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)

 Listening comprehension tests

Audio-visual education

 English language--Study and teaching--Audio-visual instruction [PE1067]
   English language--Study and teaching--Audio-visual aids [PE1067]

Austrian literature

 Dialect literature, Austrian

Automatic checkout equipment

 ATLAS (Computer program language)

Auxiliary sciences of history

 Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
   Abbreviations
   Bark inscriptions
   Bone carving
   Copyists
   Cuneiform writing
     Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
   Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Alphabet
       Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
         Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
         Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
           Morse code
       Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
         Aljamâia
         Båa® (The Arabic letter)
         Dad (The Arabic letter)
         Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Låam (The Arabic letter)
         òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
       Bharati alphabet
       Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
       Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
       Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
       Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
         Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
       Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
       Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
       Inscriptions, Linear A
         Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
       Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
       Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
       Modi alphabet [PK2361]
       Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
       Pasigraphy
         Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
         INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
         Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
         Neoglify (Picture language)
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Runes
       Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
     Writing--History
   Manuscripts (Papyri)
     Coptic language--Papyri
     Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
   Ostraka
   Paleographers
   Palm-leaf inscriptions
   Runes
   Scriptoria
   Signatures (Writing)
   Stichometry
   Tironian notes
   Writing, Humanistic
   Writing, Minuscule
   Writing, Uncial

Awareness

 Language awareness

Bagheli dialect [PK1951-PK1957]

 Marari dialect [PK1970.M37] [PK1951-PK1957]

Baltic philology

 Balto-Slavic linguistic unity

Bangaru dialect [PK1960]

 Deswali dialect [PK1960]

Bank employees

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for bank employees) [PE1116.B34]

Banks and banking--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for bank employees) [PE1116.B34]

Batad Ifugao dialect [PL5725.95.B]

 Ayangan Ifugao dialect [PL5725.95.B]

Bibliographical services

 Translating services
   Congresses and conventions--Translating services
   International agencies--Translating services
   United Nations--Translating services

Bilingualism

 Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
 Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
 Language attrition [P40.5.L28]

Biolinguistics [P41]

 Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399] [P41]
   Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P41]
 Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P41]
 Psycholinguistics [P37] [P41]
   Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P41]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P41]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P41]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P41]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P41]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P41]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P41]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P41]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P41]
           Parts of speech [P41]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P41]
   Cognitive grammar [P165] [P41]
   Communicative competence [P41]
   Generative grammar [P41]
     Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P41]
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P41]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P41]
     Lexical phonology [P41]
     Lexical-functional grammar [P41]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P41]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P41]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P41]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P41]
     Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P41]
       Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P41]
       Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P41]
     Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P41]
     Relational grammar [P41]
       Arc pair grammar [P41]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P41]
   Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [P41]
   Language acquisition [P118] [P41]
     Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P41]
     Language awareness in children [P118] [P41]
     Language transfer (Language learning) [P41]
       Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P41]
     Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P41]
   Language awareness [P41]
   Mentally handicapped--Language [P41]
   Racism in language [P41]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P41]
   Sound symbolism [P41]
   Speech errors [P41]
     Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [P41]
   Speech perception [P41]

Biology

 Biolinguistics [P41]
   Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]
     Neurolinguistics [QP399]
   Neurolinguistics [QP399]
   Psycholinguistics [P37]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Cognitive grammar [P165]
     Communicative competence
     Generative grammar
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
       Lexical phonology
       Lexical-functional grammar
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
     Language acquisition [P118]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language awareness in children [P118]
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2]
     Language awareness
     Mentally handicapped--Language
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Sound symbolism
     Speech errors
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
     Speech perception

Black English

 Sea Islands Creole dialect [PM7875.G8]

Bonpo (Sect)--Sacred books

 Zang Zung language

Bundeli dialect [PK1968]

 Pawari dialect [PK1968.95.P3] [PK1968]

Business--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for merchants)

C (Computer program language) [QA76.73.C]

 Small-C (Computer program language) [QA76.73.S] [QA76.73.C]

COBOL (Computer program language) [HF5548.5.C2]

 IDS (Computer program language) [HF5548.5.C2]

Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]

 Writing, Copperplate [Z43-Z45]

Calligraphy, Chinese--Expertising

 Calligraphy, Chinese--Attribution

Calligraphy, Chinese--History--Three kingdoms-Sui dynasty, 220-618--Expertising

 Calligraphy, Chinese--History--Three kingdoms-Sui dynasty, 220-618--Attribution

Calligraphy, Hebrew

 Scribes, Jewish--Handbooks, manuals, etc.

Calligraphy, Islamic--India

 Calligraphy, Mogul

Calligraphy, Japanese

 Ban Dainagon ekotoba (Scrolls)
 Sanjåurokkasen®e (Scrolls)
 Semmen Hokekyåo (Painting)
 Wa-Kan råoei shåo (Scrolls)

Calligraphy--Expertising

 Calligraphy--Attribution

Camps

 Language camps

Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]

 Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P37.5.C37]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P37.5.C37]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P37.5.C37]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P37.5.C37]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P37.5.C37]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P37.5.C37]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P37.5.C37]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P37.5.C37]
       Parts of speech [P37.5.C37]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P37.5.C37]

Categories (Philosophy)

 Dialectical materialism, Categories of

Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P128.C37]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P128.C37]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P128.C37]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P128.C37]
   Parts of speech [P128.C37]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P128.C37]

Celtic languages, Continental [PB3000]

 Gaulish language [PB3001-PB3029] [PB3000]
 Inscriptions, Celtiberian [PB3000]

Celtic philology

 Celtic languages [PB1001-PB1095]
   Breton language [PB2800-PB2849]
   Brythonic languages [PB2001-PB2060]
     Breton language [PB2800-PB2849]
     Cornish language [PB2501-PB2549]
     Welsh language [PB2101-PB2199]
   Cornish language [PB2501-PB2549]
   Gaelic language [PB1501-PB1599]
     Manx language [PB1801-PB1847]
   Gaulish language [PB3001-PB3029]
   Goidelic languages
     Gaelic language [PB1501-PB1599]
       Manx language [PB1801-PB1847]
     Irish language [PB1201-PB1299]
       Shelta
     Manx language [PB1801-PB1847]
   Irish language [PB1201-PB1299]
     Shelta
   Manx language [PB1801-PB1847]
   Proto-Celtic language [PB1015.5]
   Welsh language [PB2101-PB2199]

Change (Psychology)

 Neurolinguistic programming [RC489.N47 (Psychiatry)]

Children--Language [LB1139.L3]

 Communicative competence in children [LB1139.L3]
 Language awareness in children [P118] [LB1139.L3]
 Physically handicapped children--Language [LB1139.L3]
 Verbal ability in children [LB1139.L3]

Children--Language--Testing

 Bankson language screening test
 Denver Articulation Screening Exam
 Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
 Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
 Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
 Reynell Developmental Language Scales
 Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
 Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
 Temple University Short Syntax Inventory

China--Civilization

 Calligraphy, Japanese--Chinese influences

Church

 Language question in the church
   Bible--Versions
   Christian union--Language question
   Latin language--Church Latin

Church work--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for clergy, etc.)

Cities and towns

 Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]

Civilization, Assyro-Babylonian

 Cuneiform inscriptions [PK]

Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D] [P299.C]

Clergy

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for clergy, etc.)

Clicks (Phonetics)

 African languages--Clicks
 Khoisan languages--Clicks

Cognition disorders

 Schizophrenics--Language
   Contamination (Psychology)
   Schizophasia

Collection development (Libraries)

 Linguistics libraries--Collection development

Communication

 Language and languages [P1-P410]
   Alien labor--Language
   Antisemitism in language
   Bilingualism
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
   Children, Deaf--Language
   Children--Language [LB1139.L3]
     Communicative competence in children
     Language awareness in children [P118]
     Physically handicapped children--Language
     Verbal ability in children
   Christian education and language [BV1464]
   Christian union--Language question
   Classification--Books--Language and languages
   Colloquial language [P408]
     Conversation
     Latin language, Colloquial
     Slang [P409-P410]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
   Confusion of tongues
   Courts and courtiers--Language
   Elocution
   Executives--Language
   Formal languages [QA267.3]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
     Graph grammars
     L systems
     PARIS (Formal language)
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     SYNTOL (Formal language)
   Imaginary languages
   Judgment
   Language and education
     Education, Bilingual
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
     Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Communication in foreign language education
       Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language and languages--Ability testing
         Bankson language screening test
         Children--Language--Testing
           Bankson language screening test
           Denver Articulation Screening Exam
           Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
           Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
           Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
           Reynell Developmental Language Scales
           Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
           Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
           Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Television in foreign language education
     Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
       Language camps
       Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.
     Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]
     Native language--Study and teaching
   Linguistic change
     Glottochronology
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
     Neogrammarians [P75]
   Linguistics [P121-P141]
     Analogy (Linguistics)
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
     Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Applied linguistics
       Computational linguistics [P98]
         Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion
         COMSKEE (Computer program language)
         Computer poetry
         Computer prose
         EPICURE (Computer system)
         Lexicography--Data processing
         Lexicology--Data processing
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         MIND (Computer system)
         Machine translating [P307-P310]
           Etap-2 (Computer system)
           Garni computer
           Ural computer
         Network grammar [P98]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Psli3 (Computer system)
         SUSY (Computer system)
         SYGMART (Computer program language)
         Speech processing systems
           NUMAUDO (Computer program language)
         Word processing--Foreign languages
       Language services [P40.5.L36]
         Translating services
           Congresses and conventions--Translating services
           International agencies--Translating services
           United Nations--Translating services
       Machine translating [P307-P310]
         Etap-2 (Computer system)
         Garni computer
         Ural computer
       Mathematical linguistics
         Dependency grammar [P162]
         Glossematics
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
         IPL (Computer program language)
         Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
         Linguistics--Graphic methods
         Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
           Language and languages--Word frequency
             Zipf's law
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Semantics--Mathematical models
     Archaisms (Linguistics)
     Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6]
       Languages in contact
         Bilingualism
           Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
         Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895]
           Arabic-Afrikaans dialect
           Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
             Saramaccan language
           Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164]
           Franco-Venetian language
           Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5]
           Hobson-jobson
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Manipravalam language (Malayalam)
           Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44]
           Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5]
           Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Lingua francas
           Filipino language
           Indoubill language
           Kituba language
           Lingala language [PL8456]
           Mobilian trade language [PM1855]
           Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3]
           Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895]
             Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
               Saramaccan language
             Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3]
             Pidgin Dutch
             Pidgin English [PM7891]
               Bislama language [PM7895.B4]
               Tok Pisin language
             Pidgin German
           Sango language [PL8641]
         Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
       Linguistic geography [P375-P381]
         Language surveys
     Asymmetry (Linguistics)
     Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
     Biolinguistics [P41]
       Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]
         Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Psycholinguistics [P37]
         Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
           Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
             Componential analysis (Linguistics)
               Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
                 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                   Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
                 Parts of speech
                   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Cognitive grammar [P165]
         Communicative competence
         Generative grammar
           Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
           Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
           Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
           Lexical phonology
           Lexical-functional grammar
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Montague grammar [P158.5]
           Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
             Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
           Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
             Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
             Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
           Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
           Relational grammar
             Arc pair grammar
           Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
         Language acquisition [P118]
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Language awareness in children [P118]
           Language transfer (Language learning)
             Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Second language acquisition [P118.2]
         Language awareness
         Mentally handicapped--Language
         Racism in language
         Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
         Sound symbolism
         Speech errors
           Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
         Speech perception
     Classification--Books--Linguistics
     Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Cohesion (Linguistics)
     Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Context (Linguistics)
     Contrastive linguistics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Economy (Linguistics)
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Forensic linguistics
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
       Formal languages [QA267.3]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
         Graph grammars
         L systems
         PARIS (Formal language)
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         SYNTOL (Formal language)
     Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
     Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295]
       Ambiguity
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Applicative grammar
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Categorial grammar [P161]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Conditionals (Logic)
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)
         Asymmetry (Linguistics)
         Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
         Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Economy (Linguistics)
         Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
         Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
         Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
           Formal languages [QA267.3]
             AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
             Graph grammars
             L systems
             PARIS (Formal language)
             Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
               Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
             SYNTOL (Formal language)
         Glossematics
         Hierarchy (Linguistics)
           Stratificational grammar
         Metalanguage [P128.M48]
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
         Systemic grammar [P149]
         Tagmemics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Network grammar [P98]
       Order (Grammar) [P299.O73]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order
           Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213]
       Parenthesis (Rhetoric)
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Role and reference grammar
       Speculative grammar [P156]
       Stratificational grammar
       Systemic grammar [P149]
       Tagmemics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Graphemics
       English language--Graphemics
     Hesitation form (Linguistics)
     Hierarchy (Linguistics)
       Stratificational grammar
     Historical linguistics [P140]
       Comparative linguistics [P123]
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Nostratic hypothesis
         Semantics [P325]
           Ambiguity
           Antonyms
           Collocation (Linguistics)
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
           Componential analysis in anthropology
           Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
           Definition (Logic)
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Discourse analysis
             Cohesion (Linguistics)
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
             Register (Linguistics)
               Vocal registers
             Sublanguage [P120.S9]
               Terms and phrases
                 Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
                 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
                   Erotic proverbs
                   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
           Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
           Euphemism
           Field theory (Linguistics)
           Formal languages--Semantics
           Game-theoretical semantics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
           Heteronyms
           Idioms
           Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
             Montague grammar [P158.5]
             Presupposition (Logic)
             Proposition (Logic)
           Onomasiology
             Reference (Linguistics)
               Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
               Cataphora
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Paraphrase
           Phraseology
             Idioms
           Play on words
           Polysemy
           Reference (Linguistics)
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
             Cataphora
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Semantic differential technique
           Semiotics
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Synonyms
       Historical lexicology [P326]
         Language and languages--Etymology [P321]
           Cognate words
           Hand--Words for
           Linguistic paleontology [P35]
           Onomastics
         Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]
           Pejoration (Linguistics)
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Linguistic change
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Neogrammarians [P75]
       Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2]
         Linguistic paleontology [P35]
     Idioms
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
       Caesura in versification
     Linguistic models
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Mathematical linguistics
       Dependency grammar [P162]
       Glossematics
       Glottochronology
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
       IPL (Computer program language)
       Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
       Linguistics--Graphic methods
       Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
         Language and languages--Word frequency
           Zipf's law
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Semantics--Mathematical models
     Minimal pair (Linguistics)
     Modality (Linguistics)
     Naturalness (Linguistics)
     Neurolinguistics [QP399]
     Neutralization (Linguistics)
     Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Parallelism (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton
     Pejoration (Linguistics)
     Phonetics [P221-P227]
       Aspiration (Phonetics)
       Assimilation (Phonetics)
       Clicks (Phonetics)
         African languages--Clicks
         Khoisan languages--Clicks
       Consonants
         Aspiration (Phonetics)
         Clicks (Phonetics)
           African languages--Clicks
           Khoisan languages--Clicks
         Coronals (Phonetics)
         Gemination
         S (The sound)
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Forensic phonetics
       H (The sound)
       Haplology
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Labiality (Phonetics) [P238]
       Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions
       Laryngeals (Phonetics)
       Monophthongization
       Mutation (Phonetics)
       Palatalization
       Phonemics
         Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245]
         Functional load (Linguistics)
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
           African languages--Tone
           Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
           Attie language--Tone
           Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
           Baoulâe language--Tone
           Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
           Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
           Dyula language--Tone
           Efik language--Tone
           Etsako language--Tone
           Igbo language--Tone
           Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
             Whistle speech
           Kalenjin language--Tone
           Kinyarwanda language--Tone
           Moorâe language--Tone
           Nama language--Tone
           Nguni languages--Tone
           Rundi language--Tone
           Shona language--Tone
           Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
           Venda language--Tone
           Xhosa language--Tone
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
         Accents and accentuation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Duration (Phonetics)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
           Caesura in versification
         Language and languages--Rhythm
           Caesura in versification
         Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       S (The sound)
       Sonorants (Phonetics)
         Nasality (Phonetics)
         Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
           Formants (Speech)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
             Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
             Okpe language--Vowel harmony
             Votic language--Vowel harmony
           Shwa (Phonetics)
       Sound symbolism
       Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
         African languages--Tone
         Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
         Attie language--Tone
         Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
         Baoulâe language--Tone
         Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
         Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
         Dyula language--Tone
         Efik language--Tone
         Etsako language--Tone
         Igbo language--Tone
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Kalenjin language--Tone
         Kinyarwanda language--Tone
         Moorâe language--Tone
         Nama language--Tone
         Nguni languages--Tone
         Rundi language--Tone
         Shona language--Tone
         Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
         Venda language--Tone
         Xhosa language--Tone
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
     Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
       Accents and accentuation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
         Caesura in versification
       Language and languages--Rhythm
         Caesura in versification
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
     Psycholinguistics [P37]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Communicative competence
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
       Language acquisition [P118]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
         Language awareness in children [P118]
         Language transfer (Language learning)
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
         Second language acquisition [P118.2]
       Language awareness
       Mentally handicapped--Language
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Sound symbolism
       Speech errors
         Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
       Speech perception
     Redundancy (Linguistics)
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Register (Linguistics)
       Vocal registers
     Sociolinguistics [P40]
       Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
       Interviewing in sociolinguistics
       Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Language planning [P40.5.L35]
         Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
           English-only movement
           International agencies--Language policy
           United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
         Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
         Standard language [P368]
       Language purism [P40.5.L354]
       Language revival
       Language spread [P40.5.L37]
       Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
       Linguistic minorities
       Literature and society
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Structural linguistics
       Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
       Systemic grammar [P149]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Typology (Linguistics)
       Linguistic models
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics)
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
           Parts of speech
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Word (Linguistics)
   Mass media and language
   Mentally handicapped--Language
   Metal, Words for
   Mimetic words
   Multilingualism
   Music and language [ML3849]
   Native language
   Nonsexist language
   Onomatopoeia
   Oratory
   Parapsychology and language [BF1045.L35]
   Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
   Physically handicapped children--Language
   Psycholinguistics [P37]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Cognitive grammar [P165]
     Communicative competence
     Generative grammar
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
       Lexical phonology
       Lexical-functional grammar
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
     Language acquisition [P118]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language awareness in children [P118]
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2]
     Language awareness
     Mentally handicapped--Language
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Sound symbolism
     Speech errors
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
     Speech perception
   Racism in language
   Schizophrenics--Language
     Contamination (Psychology)
     Schizophasia
   Semantics (Philosophy)
     Game-theoretical semantics
     General semantics [B820]
       Epistemics
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Liar paradox
     Meaning (Philosophy)
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Performative (Philosophy)
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Private language problem
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Semantics [P325]
     Ambiguity
     Antonyms
     Collocation (Linguistics)
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Componential analysis in anthropology
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Definition (Logic)
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Discourse analysis
       Cohesion (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
       Register (Linguistics)
         Vocal registers
       Sublanguage [P120.S9]
         Terms and phrases
           Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
           Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
             Erotic proverbs
             Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Euphemism
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Formal languages--Semantics
     Game-theoretical semantics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
     Heteronyms
     Idioms
     Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Presupposition (Logic)
       Proposition (Logic)
     Onomasiology
       Reference (Linguistics)
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
         Cataphora
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Paraphrase
     Phraseology
       Idioms
     Play on words
     Polysemy
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Semantic differential technique
     Semiotics
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Synonyms
   Shepherds--Language
   Sign language [P117 (General)]
     American Sign Language
     Australian aborigines--Sign language
     British Sign Language
     Indian sign language [E98.S5]
     Walbiri (Australian people)--Sign language
   Sociolinguistics [P40]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
         English-only movement
         International agencies--Language policy
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354]
     Language revival
     Language spread [P40.5.L37]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
     Linguistic minorities
     Literature and society
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
   Space and time in language [P35]
   Speech
     Children, Deaf--Language
     Colloquial language [P408]
       Conversation
       Latin language, Colloquial
       Slang [P409-P410]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Standard language [P368]
   Statesmen--Language
   Teachers--Language
   Tramps--Language
   Translating and interpreting
     Court interpreting and translating
     Dubbing of motion pictures
     Folk poetry--Translating
     Information theory in translating
     Machine translating [P307-P310]
       Etap-2 (Computer system)
       Garni computer
       Ural computer
     Translating services
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services
       International agencies--Translating services
       United Nations--Translating services
   Translingua script
   Voice
     Nasality (Phonetics)
     Sonorants (Phonetics)
       Nasality (Phonetics)
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
   Women--Language
   Writing
     Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
       Writing, Copperplate
     Chinese language--Cursive writing
     English language--Writing
     Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
       Alphabet
         Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
           Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
           Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
             Morse code
         Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
           Aljamâia
           Båa® (The Arabic letter)
           Dad (The Arabic letter)
           Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Låam (The Arabic letter)
           òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
         Bharati alphabet
         Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
         Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
         Cuneiform writing
           Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
         Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
         Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
         Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
           Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
         Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
         Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
         Inscriptions, Linear A
           Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
         Modi alphabet [PK2361]
         Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
         Pasigraphy
           Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
           INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
           Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
           Neoglify (Picture language)
         Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
         Runes
         Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
       Writing--History
     Japanese language--Cursive writing
     Japanese language--Writing, Seal style
     Korean language--Cursive writing
     Language and languages--Orthography and spelling
       Diacritics
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
       Spelling errors
     Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
       Abbreviations
       Bark inscriptions
       Bone carving
       Copyists
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
         Alphabet
           Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
             Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
             Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
               Morse code
           Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
             Aljamâia
             Båa® (The Arabic letter)
             Dad (The Arabic letter)
             Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
             Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
             Låam (The Arabic letter)
             òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
           Bharati alphabet
           Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
           Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
           Cuneiform writing
             Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
           Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
           Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
           Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
             Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
           Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
           Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
           Inscriptions, Linear A
             Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
           Modi alphabet [PK2361]
           Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
           Pasigraphy
             Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
             INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
             Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
             Neoglify (Picture language)
           Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
           Runes
           Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
         Writing--History
       Manuscripts (Papyri)
         Coptic language--Papyri
         Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
       Ostraka
       Paleographers
       Palm-leaf inscriptions
       Runes
       Scriptoria
       Signatures (Writing)
       Stichometry
       Tironian notes
       Writing, Humanistic
       Writing, Minuscule
       Writing, Uncial
     Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350]
   Written communication
     Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126]
     English language--Written English
     German language--Written German
     Italian language--Written Italian
     Low German language--Written Low German
     Navajo language--Written Navajo
     Portuguese language--Written Portuguese
     Spanish language--Written Spanish
     Tamil language--Written Tamil
 Language arts [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
   Composition (Language arts)
   Literature--Study and teaching
   Penmanship
     Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
       Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
       Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
         Morse code
     Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
       Writing, Copperplate
   Reading

Communication policy

 Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
   English-only movement
   International agencies--Language policy
   United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]

Communicative disorders

 Language disorders [RC423-RC428.5]
   Agraphia
   Aphasia
   Dyslexia
   Schizophasia

Communicative disorders in adolescence

 Language disorders in adolescence [RJ496.L35]

Communicative disorders in children

 Language disorders in children [RJ496.L35]
   Aphasic children

Communicative disorders in old age

 Language disorders in old age

Comparative linguistics [P123]

 Glottochronology [P123]
   Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P123]
 Nostratic hypothesis [P123]
 Semantics [P325] [P123]
   Ambiguity [P123]
   Antonyms [P123]
   Collocation (Linguistics) [P123]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P123]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P123]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P123]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P123]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P123]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P123]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P123]
       Parts of speech [P123]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P123]
   Componential analysis in anthropology [P123]
   Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P123]
   Definition (Logic) [P123]
     Semantics (Philosophy) [P123]
       Game-theoretical semantics [P123]
       General semantics [B820] [P123]
         Epistemics [P123]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P123]
       Liar paradox [P123]
       Meaning (Philosophy) [P123]
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P123]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P123]
       Performative (Philosophy) [P123]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P123]
       Private language problem [P123]
       Speech acts (Linguistics) [P123]
   Discourse analysis [P123]
     Cohesion (Linguistics) [P123]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [P123]
     Register (Linguistics) [P123]
       Vocal registers [P123]
     Sublanguage [P120.S9] [P123]
       Terms and phrases [P123]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P123]
         Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P123]
           Erotic proverbs [P123]
           Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P123]
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P123]
   Euphemism [P123]
   Field theory (Linguistics) [P123]
   Formal languages--Semantics [P123]
   Game-theoretical semantics [P123]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P123]
   Heteronyms [P123]
   Idioms [P123]
   Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P123]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P123]
     Presupposition (Logic) [P123]
     Proposition (Logic) [P123]
   Onomasiology [P123]
     Reference (Linguistics) [P123]
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P123]
       Cataphora [P123]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P123]
   Paraphrase [P123]
   Phraseology [P123]
     Idioms [P123]
   Play on words [P123]
   Polysemy [P123]
   Reference (Linguistics) [P123]
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P123]
     Cataphora [P123]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P123]
   Semantic differential technique [P123]
   Semiotics [P123]
     Semantics (Philosophy) [P123]
       Game-theoretical semantics [P123]
       General semantics [B820] [P123]
         Epistemics [P123]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P123]
       Liar paradox [P123]
       Meaning (Philosophy) [P123]
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P123]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P123]
       Performative (Philosophy) [P123]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P123]
       Private language problem [P123]
       Speech acts (Linguistics) [P123]
   Synonyms [P123]

Comparison (Grammar)

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Comparative clauses

Competence and performance (Linguistics) [P37]

 Communicative competence [P37]

Componential analysis (Linguistics)

 Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
   Parts of speech
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]

Comprehension--Testing

 Miller-Yoder Language Comprehension Test [LB3060.33.M54]

Computational linguistics [P98]

 Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion [P98]
 COMSKEE (Computer program language) [P98]
 Computer poetry [P98]
 Computer prose [P98]
 EPICURE (Computer system) [P98]
 Lexicography--Data processing [P98]
 Lexicology--Data processing [P98]
 Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P98]
 MIND (Computer system) [P98]
 Machine translating [P307-P310] [P98]
   Etap-2 (Computer system) [P98]
   Garni computer [P98]
   Ural computer [P98]
 Network grammar [P98] [P98]
 Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P98]
   Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P98]
 Psli3 (Computer system) [P98]
 SUSY (Computer system) [P98]
 SYGMART (Computer program language) [P98]
 Speech processing systems [P98]
   NUMAUDO (Computer program language) [P98]
 Word processing--Foreign languages [P98]

Computer programs

 Translators (Computer programs) [QA76.76.T83]

Consonants

 Aspiration (Phonetics)
 Clicks (Phonetics)
   African languages--Clicks
   Khoisan languages--Clicks
 Coronals (Phonetics)
 Gemination
 S (The sound)

Construction industry--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for construction industry employees)

Construction workers

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for construction industry employees)

Contrastive linguistics

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative

Cookery--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for gourmets)

Copying

 Calligraphy--Copying

Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]

 Saramaccan language [PM7831-PM7875]

Creole dialects, Arabic--Kenya

 Nubi language [PM7895.N83]

Creole dialects, Arabic--Uganda

 Nubi language [PM7895.N83]

Creole dialects, English [PM7871-PM7874]

 Djuka language [PM7875.D58] [PM7871-PM7874]
   Boni dialect (French Guiana and Surinam) [PM7871-PM7874]
 Krio language [PM7875.K73] [PM7871-PM7874]

Creole dialects, English--Australia

 Kriol language [PM7875.K74]

Creole dialects, English--Florida

 Sea Islands Creole dialect [PM7875.G8]

Creole dialects, English--Georgia

 Sea Islands Creole dialect [PM7875.G8]

Creole dialects, English--South Carolina

 Sea Islands Creole dialect [PM7875.G8]

Creole dialects, English--Surinam

 Saramaccan language
 Sranan language [PM7875.S67]

Creole dialects, French [PM7851-PM7854]

 Michif language [PM7895.M53] [PM7851-PM7854]

Creole dialects, French--Brazil

 Karipuna Creole dialect

Creole dialects, Portuguese [PM7846-PM7849]

 Crioulo language [PM7846-PM7849]

Creole dialects, Portuguese--Cape Verde

 Cape Verde Creole dialect

Creole dialects, Portuguese--Equatorial Guinea

 Annobon dialect

Creole dialects, Portuguese--Malaysia

 Kristang language

Creole dialects, Portuguese--Singapore

 Kristang language

Creole dialects, Spanish--Philippines

 Chabacano language

Creole dialects--Netherlands Antilles

 Papiamento

Culture

 Language and culture [P35]
   Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]
     Linguistic paleontology [P35]
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
   Sociolinguistics [P40]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
         English-only movement
         International agencies--Language policy
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354]
     Language revival
     Language spread [P40.5.L37]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
     Linguistic minorities
     Literature and society
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]

Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite [P943]

 Elamite language [P943] [P943]

Cuneiform writing

 Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]

Cushitic languages, Southern [PJ2551]

 Dahalo language [PJ2554] [PJ2551]
 Iraqw language [PJ2551]

Dalmatian language (Romance) [PC890]

 Romance languages [PC] [PC890]
   Galician language [PC5411-PC5414] [PC890]
   Langue d'oc [PC890]
     Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B] [PC890]
     Gascon dialect [PC3421-PC3428] [PC890]
       Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B] [PC890]
   Sardinian language [PC1981-PC1984] [PC890]

Decoration and ornament

 Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
   Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
   Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
     Morse code

Decorative arts

 Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
   Writing, Copperplate

Definition (Logic)

 Semantics (Philosophy)
   Game-theoretical semantics
   General semantics [B820]
     Epistemics
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Liar paradox
   Meaning (Philosophy)
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Performative (Philosophy)
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Private language problem
   Speech acts (Linguistics)

Demography

 Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]

Devanagari alphabet [PK119]

 Type and type-founding--Devanagari type [PK119]

Dhimal dialect [PL3801.D5]

 Tibeto-Burman languages [PL3551-PL4001] [PL3801.D5]
   Abor language [PL4001.A2] [PL3801.D5]
     Milang language [PL4001.M53] [PL3801.D5]
     Padam language [PL3801.D5]
   Apatani language [PL4001.A75] [PL3801.D5]
   Balti language [PL3561.B2] [PL3801.D5]
   Bodo languages [PL3871-PL3874] [PL3801.D5]
     Bodo language [PL4001.B3] [PL3801.D5]
     Chutiya language [PL4001.C7] [PL3801.D5]
     Dimasa language [PL4001.D55] [PL3801.D5]
     Garo language [PL4001.G2] [PL3801.D5]
     Kokborok language [PL3801.D5]
     Rabha language [PL4001.R2] [PL3801.D5]
       Rangdania dialect [PL3801.D5]
     Tipura language [PL4001.T7] [PL3801.D5]
   Bokar language [PL4001.B325] [PL3801.D5]
   Bori language [PL3801.D5]
   Bugun language [PL4001.B] [PL3801.D5]
   Burmese language [PL3921-PL3969] [PL3801.D5]
   Chamba Lahuòli dialect [PL3801.C4] [PL3801.D5]
   Chepang language [PL3801.C5] [PL3801.D5]
   Dafla language [PL4001.D2] [PL3801.D5]
   Digaro language [PL4001.D] [PL3801.D5]
   Dzongkha language [PL3651.D96] [PL3801.D5]
   Dèanjong-kèa language [PL3651.D2] [PL3801.D5]
   Gallong language [PL4001.G16] [PL3801.D5]
   Gangte language [PL4001.G17] [PL3801.D5]
   Garo language [PL4001.G2] [PL3801.D5]
   Gurung language [PL3801.G8] [PL3801.D5]
   Idu language [PL3801.I38] [PL3801.D5]
   Jirel language [PL3801.J55] [PL3801.D5]
   Kachin dialects [PL3901-PL3904] [PL3801.D5]
     A-ch°ang language [PL3311.A] [PL3801.D5]
     Kachin language [PL4001.K3] [PL3801.D5]
     Maru language [PL3801.D5]
     Nung language [PL4001.N8] [PL3801.D5]
     Rawang language [PL3801.D5]
   Kadu language [PL3801.D5]
   Kaike language [PL3801.K15] [PL3801.D5]
   Kanauri language [PL3801.K3] [PL3801.D5]
   Kham language (Nepal) [PL3801.K497] [PL3801.D5]
   Kiranti languages [PL3801.D5]
     Bahing dialect [PL3801.B2] [PL3801.D5]
     Dumi language [PL3801.D8] [PL3801.D5]
     Khaling language [PL3801.K4] [PL3801.D5]
     Kulung language [PL3801.K8] [PL3801.D5]
       Sotang Kura dialect [PL3801.D5]
     Limbu language [PL3801.L5] [PL3801.D5]
     Sunwar language [PL3801.S8] [PL3801.D5]
     Thulung language [PL3801.T5] [PL3801.D5]
   Kusunda language [PL3801.K9] [PL3801.D5]
   Lahuli language [PL3651.L4] [PL3801.D5]
     Pattani dialect (India) [PL3651.L495P] [PL3801.D5]
   Lakher language [PL4001.L28] [PL3801.D5]
   Lhomi language [PL3801.L54] [PL3801.D5]
   Liangmai Naga language [PL4001.L75] [PL3801.D5]
   Loloish languages [PL3916-PL3919] [PL3801.D5]
     Chino language [PL3919.Z9C] [PL3801.D5]
     Hani language [PL3801.D5]
     Lahu language [PL4001.L18] [PL3801.D5]
     Lisu language [PL4001.L6] [PL3801.D5]
       Hua Lisu dialect [PL3801.D5]
     Naxi language [PL4001.N] [PL3801.D5]
     Proto-Loloish language [PL3801.D5]
     Yi language [PL3311.Y5] [PL3801.D5]
   Magar language [PL3801.M15] [PL3801.D5]
   Manipuri language [PL4001.M3] [PL3801.D5]
     Bishnupuriya dialect [PL4001.M3195B] [PL3801.D5]
   Memba language [PL4001.M37] [PL3801.D5]
   Miji language [PL4001.M49] [PL3801.D5]
   Mishmi language [PL4001.M55] [PL3801.D5]
     Miju dialect [PL4001.M5595M] [PL3801.D5]
   Monpa language [PL3801.D5]
   Naga languages [PL3881-PL3884] [PL3801.D5]
     Angami language [PL4001.A65] [PL3801.D5]
     Ao language [PL4001.A7] [PL3801.D5]
     Chakhesang language [PL4001.C35] [PL3801.D5]
     Chang language [PL4001.C37] [PL3801.D5]
     Kabui language [PL4001.K2] [PL3801.D5]
       Rongmei dialect [PL3801.D5]
     Khezha language [PL4001.K54] [PL3801.D5]
     Konyak language [PL4001.K75] [PL3801.D5]
     Lhota language [PL4001.L5] [PL3801.D5]
     Liangmai Naga language [PL4001.L75] [PL3801.D5]
     Mao Naga language [PL4001.M32] [PL3801.D5]
     Maram language [PL4001.M34] [PL3801.D5]
     Mikir language [PL4001.M5] [PL3801.D5]
     Moshang language [PL3801.D5]
     Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3] [PL3801.D5]
     Nocte language [PL4001.N63] [PL3801.D5]
     Phom language [PL4001.P45] [PL3801.D5]
     Pochury language [PL4001.P63] [PL3801.D5]
     Rengma language [PL4001.R4] [PL3801.D5]
     Sangtam language [PL4001.S34] [PL3801.D5]
     Sema language [PL4001.S52] [PL3801.D5]
     Simte language [PL4001.S56] [PL3801.D5]
       Zou dialect [PL400.Z68] [PL3801.D5]
     Tangkhul language [PL4001.T28] [PL3801.D5]
       Ukhrul dialect [PL3801.D5]
     Tangsa language [PL4001.T32] [PL3801.D5]
       Lungchang dialect [PL3801.D5]
       Moklum dialect [PL4001.M64] [PL3801.D5]
       Yogli dialect [PL4001.Y63] [PL3801.D5]
     Wancho language [PL4001.W35] [PL3801.D5]
     Yimchungru language [PL4001.Y38] [PL3801.D5]
     Zeliang language [PL4001.Z44] [PL3801.D5]
     Zeme language [PL3801.D5]
   Nam language [PL3801.N4] [PL3801.D5]
   Newari language [PL3801.N5] [PL3801.D5]
     Pahri dialect [PL3801.P34] [PL3801.D5]
   Pai language (China) [PL3311.P34] [PL3801.D5]
   Proto-Lolo-Burmese language [PL3801.D5]
   Purik language [PL3651.P8] [PL3801.D5]
   Pyu language (Burma) [PL3801.D5]
   Rang Pas language [PL3801.R3] [PL3801.D5]
   Siyin language [PL4001.S] [PL3801.D5]
   Sulung language [PL3801.S77] [PL3801.D5]
   Tagin language [PL4001.T24] [PL3801.D5]
   Tamang language [PL3801.T24] [PL3801.D5]
   Tangut language [PL3801.S5] [PL3801.D5]
   Thakali language [PL3801.D5]
   Thåado language [PL4001.T4] [PL3801.D5]
   Tibetan language [PL3601-PL3651] [PL3801.D5]
     Amdo dialect [PL3651.A6] [PL3801.D5]
     Kagate dialect [PL3651.K3] [PL3801.D5]
     Ladakhi language [PL3651.L3] [PL3801.D5]
     Lopa language [PL3801.D5]
     Lopa language (Nepal) [PL3651.L65] [PL3801.D5]
     Sherdukpen language [PL3651.S38] [PL3801.D5]
     Sherpa language [PL3651.S4] [PL3801.D5]
     Shigatse dialect [PL3651.S5] [PL3801.D5]
   Tipura language [PL4001.T7] [PL3801.D5]
   Tosu language [PL3311.T68] [PL3801.D5]
   Tsaiwa language [PL3801.D5]
   Tulung language [PL3801.T85] [PL3801.D5]
   Tutsa language [PL4001.T] [PL3801.D5]
   Vayu dialect [PL3801.V2] [PL3801.D5]
   Zang Zung language [PL3801.D5]

Dialect literature

 Dialect poetry

Dialectology

 Linguistic geography [P375-P381]
   Language surveys
 Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]

Dictionaries, Polyglot [PB331 (Modern languages)]

 Language and languages--Glossaries, vocabularies, etc. [P331-P347] [PB331 (Modern languages)]

Discourse analysis

 Cohesion (Linguistics)
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
 Register (Linguistics)
   Vocal registers
 Sublanguage [P120.S9]
   Terms and phrases
     Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
     Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
       Erotic proverbs
       Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]

Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]

 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P218]

Dogri dialect [PK2645-PK2648]

 Kangri dialect [PK2649.K4] [PK2645-PK2648]

Dom dialects

 Golin dialect
 Marigl dialect
   Golin dialect

Domestics

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for domestics)

Dravidian languages--Writing

 Bharati alphabet

Dreams

 Language and languages in dreams [BF1099.L35]
 Language disorders in dreams

Duration (Phonetics)

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]

Dutch literature

 Dialect literature, Dutch

Education

 General semantics [B820]
   Epistemics
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
 Language and education
   Education, Bilingual
     Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
   Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]
     Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
       Listening comprehension tests
     Communication in foreign language education
     Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44]
     Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
     Language and languages--Ability testing
       Bankson language screening test
       Children--Language--Testing
         Bankson language screening test
         Denver Articulation Screening Exam
         Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
         Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
         Reynell Developmental Language Scales
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
         Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
         Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
       Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
       Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
     Language transfer (Language learning)
       Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
     Television in foreign language education
   Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]
     Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
       Listening comprehension tests
     Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
     Language camps
     Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.
   Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]
   Native language--Study and teaching
 Language experience approach in education
   Reading (Elementary)--Language experience approach [LB1573.33]
   Reading (Preschool)--Language experience approach [LB1181.33]
   Reading (Primary)--Language experience approach [LB1525.34]
   Reading (Secondary)--Language experience approach
   Reading--Language experience approach [LB1573.33-LB1573.37 (Elementary)]
 Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]

Education, Bilingual

 Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method

Education--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for school employees)

Educational law and legislation

 Language and languages--Study and teaching--Law and legislation

Educational psychology

 English language--Study and teaching--Psychological aspects
 Language arts--Psychological aspects

Educational tests and measurements

 Miller-Yoder Language Comprehension Test [LB3060.33.M54]

Electronic data processing

 Natural language processing (Computer science) [QA76.9.N38]
   FERRET (Information retrieval system)
 Programming languages (Electronic computers) [QA76.7-QA76.73] (See LCSH-Programming_Languages_Tree.txt)

Electronic industries

 Translating machines industry [HD9696.T76-HD9696.T764]

Encyclopedias and dictionaries

 Dictionaries, Polyglot [PB331 (Modern languages)]
   Language and languages--Glossaries, vocabularies, etc. [P331-P347]
 Lexicography
   Encyclopedias and dictionaries--History and criticism
   Library science--Lexicography
   Mathematics--Lexicography
   Toponymy
   Translating and interpreting--Lexicography

English literature

 Dialect literature, English

English poetry

 Dialect poetry, English

Errors

 Language and languages--Study and teaching--Error analysis [P53]

Ethics

 Language and ethics [BJ44]

Ethnic press--Canada

 Canadian newspapers--Foreign language press
 Canadian periodicals--Foreign language press

Ethnic press--China

 Chinese newspapers--Foreign language press

Ethnic press--France

 French newspapers--Foreign language press
 French periodicals--Foreign language press

Ethnic press--Sweden

 Swedish periodicals--Foreign language press

Ethnic press--United States

 American newspapers--Foreign language press [Z6953.5 (Directories)]
 American periodicals--Foreign language press

Ethnology

 Language and languages [P1-P410]
   Alien labor--Language
   Antisemitism in language
   Bilingualism
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
   Children, Deaf--Language
   Children--Language [LB1139.L3]
     Communicative competence in children
     Language awareness in children [P118]
     Physically handicapped children--Language
     Verbal ability in children
   Christian education and language [BV1464]
   Christian union--Language question
   Classification--Books--Language and languages
   Colloquial language [P408]
     Conversation
     Latin language, Colloquial
     Slang [P409-P410]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
   Confusion of tongues
   Courts and courtiers--Language
   Elocution
   Executives--Language
   Formal languages [QA267.3]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
     Graph grammars
     L systems
     PARIS (Formal language)
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     SYNTOL (Formal language)
   Imaginary languages
   Judgment
   Language and education
     Education, Bilingual
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
     Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Communication in foreign language education
       Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language and languages--Ability testing
         Bankson language screening test
         Children--Language--Testing
           Bankson language screening test
           Denver Articulation Screening Exam
           Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
           Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
           Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
           Reynell Developmental Language Scales
           Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
           Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
           Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Television in foreign language education
     Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
       Language camps
       Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.
     Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]
     Native language--Study and teaching
   Linguistic change
     Glottochronology
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
     Neogrammarians [P75]
   Linguistics [P121-P141]
     Analogy (Linguistics)
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
     Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Applied linguistics
       Computational linguistics [P98]
         Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion
         COMSKEE (Computer program language)
         Computer poetry
         Computer prose
         EPICURE (Computer system)
         Lexicography--Data processing
         Lexicology--Data processing
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         MIND (Computer system)
         Machine translating [P307-P310]
           Etap-2 (Computer system)
           Garni computer
           Ural computer
         Network grammar [P98]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Psli3 (Computer system)
         SUSY (Computer system)
         SYGMART (Computer program language)
         Speech processing systems
           NUMAUDO (Computer program language)
         Word processing--Foreign languages
       Language services [P40.5.L36]
         Translating services
           Congresses and conventions--Translating services
           International agencies--Translating services
           United Nations--Translating services
       Machine translating [P307-P310]
         Etap-2 (Computer system)
         Garni computer
         Ural computer
       Mathematical linguistics
         Dependency grammar [P162]
         Glossematics
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
         IPL (Computer program language)
         Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
         Linguistics--Graphic methods
         Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
           Language and languages--Word frequency
             Zipf's law
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Semantics--Mathematical models
     Archaisms (Linguistics)
     Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6]
       Languages in contact
         Bilingualism
           Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
         Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895]
           Arabic-Afrikaans dialect
           Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
             Saramaccan language
           Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164]
           Franco-Venetian language
           Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5]
           Hobson-jobson
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Manipravalam language (Malayalam)
           Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44]
           Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5]
           Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Lingua francas
           Filipino language
           Indoubill language
           Kituba language
           Lingala language [PL8456]
           Mobilian trade language [PM1855]
           Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3]
           Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895]
             Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
               Saramaccan language
             Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3]
             Pidgin Dutch
             Pidgin English [PM7891]
               Bislama language [PM7895.B4]
               Tok Pisin language
             Pidgin German
           Sango language [PL8641]
         Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
       Linguistic geography [P375-P381]
         Language surveys
     Asymmetry (Linguistics)
     Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
     Biolinguistics [P41]
       Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]
         Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Psycholinguistics [P37]
         Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
           Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
             Componential analysis (Linguistics)
               Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
                 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                   Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
                 Parts of speech
                   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Cognitive grammar [P165]
         Communicative competence
         Generative grammar
           Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
           Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
           Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
           Lexical phonology
           Lexical-functional grammar
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Montague grammar [P158.5]
           Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
             Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
           Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
             Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
             Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
           Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
           Relational grammar
             Arc pair grammar
           Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
         Language acquisition [P118]
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Language awareness in children [P118]
           Language transfer (Language learning)
             Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Second language acquisition [P118.2]
         Language awareness
         Mentally handicapped--Language
         Racism in language
         Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
         Sound symbolism
         Speech errors
           Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
         Speech perception
     Classification--Books--Linguistics
     Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Cohesion (Linguistics)
     Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Context (Linguistics)
     Contrastive linguistics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Economy (Linguistics)
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Forensic linguistics
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
       Formal languages [QA267.3]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
         Graph grammars
         L systems
         PARIS (Formal language)
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         SYNTOL (Formal language)
     Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
     Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295]
       Ambiguity
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Applicative grammar
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Categorial grammar [P161]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Conditionals (Logic)
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)
         Asymmetry (Linguistics)
         Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
         Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Economy (Linguistics)
         Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
         Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
         Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
           Formal languages [QA267.3]
             AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
             Graph grammars
             L systems
             PARIS (Formal language)
             Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
               Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
             SYNTOL (Formal language)
         Glossematics
         Hierarchy (Linguistics)
           Stratificational grammar
         Metalanguage [P128.M48]
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
         Systemic grammar [P149]
         Tagmemics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Network grammar [P98]
       Order (Grammar) [P299.O73]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order
           Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213]
       Parenthesis (Rhetoric)
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Role and reference grammar
       Speculative grammar [P156]
       Stratificational grammar
       Systemic grammar [P149]
       Tagmemics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Graphemics
       English language--Graphemics
     Hesitation form (Linguistics)
     Hierarchy (Linguistics)
       Stratificational grammar
     Historical linguistics [P140]
       Comparative linguistics [P123]
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Nostratic hypothesis
         Semantics [P325]
           Ambiguity
           Antonyms
           Collocation (Linguistics)
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
           Componential analysis in anthropology
           Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
           Definition (Logic)
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Discourse analysis
             Cohesion (Linguistics)
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
             Register (Linguistics)
               Vocal registers
             Sublanguage [P120.S9]
               Terms and phrases
                 Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
                 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
                   Erotic proverbs
                   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
           Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
           Euphemism
           Field theory (Linguistics)
           Formal languages--Semantics
           Game-theoretical semantics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
           Heteronyms
           Idioms
           Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
             Montague grammar [P158.5]
             Presupposition (Logic)
             Proposition (Logic)
           Onomasiology
             Reference (Linguistics)
               Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
               Cataphora
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Paraphrase
           Phraseology
             Idioms
           Play on words
           Polysemy
           Reference (Linguistics)
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
             Cataphora
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Semantic differential technique
           Semiotics
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Synonyms
       Historical lexicology [P326]
         Language and languages--Etymology [P321]
           Cognate words
           Hand--Words for
           Linguistic paleontology [P35]
           Onomastics
         Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]
           Pejoration (Linguistics)
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Linguistic change
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Neogrammarians [P75]
       Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2]
         Linguistic paleontology [P35]
     Idioms
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
       Caesura in versification
     Linguistic models
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Mathematical linguistics
       Dependency grammar [P162]
       Glossematics
       Glottochronology
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
       IPL (Computer program language)
       Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
       Linguistics--Graphic methods
       Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
         Language and languages--Word frequency
           Zipf's law
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Semantics--Mathematical models
     Minimal pair (Linguistics)
     Modality (Linguistics)
     Naturalness (Linguistics)
     Neurolinguistics [QP399]
     Neutralization (Linguistics)
     Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Parallelism (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton
     Pejoration (Linguistics)
     Phonetics [P221-P227]
       Aspiration (Phonetics)
       Assimilation (Phonetics)
       Clicks (Phonetics)
         African languages--Clicks
         Khoisan languages--Clicks
       Consonants
         Aspiration (Phonetics)
         Clicks (Phonetics)
           African languages--Clicks
           Khoisan languages--Clicks
         Coronals (Phonetics)
         Gemination
         S (The sound)
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Forensic phonetics
       H (The sound)
       Haplology
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Labiality (Phonetics) [P238]
       Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions
       Laryngeals (Phonetics)
       Monophthongization
       Mutation (Phonetics)
       Palatalization
       Phonemics
         Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245]
         Functional load (Linguistics)
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
           African languages--Tone
           Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
           Attie language--Tone
           Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
           Baoulâe language--Tone
           Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
           Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
           Dyula language--Tone
           Efik language--Tone
           Etsako language--Tone
           Igbo language--Tone
           Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
             Whistle speech
           Kalenjin language--Tone
           Kinyarwanda language--Tone
           Moorâe language--Tone
           Nama language--Tone
           Nguni languages--Tone
           Rundi language--Tone
           Shona language--Tone
           Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
           Venda language--Tone
           Xhosa language--Tone
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
         Accents and accentuation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Duration (Phonetics)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
           Caesura in versification
         Language and languages--Rhythm
           Caesura in versification
         Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       S (The sound)
       Sonorants (Phonetics)
         Nasality (Phonetics)
         Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
           Formants (Speech)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
             Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
             Okpe language--Vowel harmony
             Votic language--Vowel harmony
           Shwa (Phonetics)
       Sound symbolism
       Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
         African languages--Tone
         Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
         Attie language--Tone
         Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
         Baoulâe language--Tone
         Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
         Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
         Dyula language--Tone
         Efik language--Tone
         Etsako language--Tone
         Igbo language--Tone
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Kalenjin language--Tone
         Kinyarwanda language--Tone
         Moorâe language--Tone
         Nama language--Tone
         Nguni languages--Tone
         Rundi language--Tone
         Shona language--Tone
         Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
         Venda language--Tone
         Xhosa language--Tone
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
     Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
       Accents and accentuation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
         Caesura in versification
       Language and languages--Rhythm
         Caesura in versification
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
     Psycholinguistics [P37]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Communicative competence
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
       Language acquisition [P118]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
         Language awareness in children [P118]
         Language transfer (Language learning)
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
         Second language acquisition [P118.2]
       Language awareness
       Mentally handicapped--Language
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Sound symbolism
       Speech errors
         Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
       Speech perception
     Redundancy (Linguistics)
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Register (Linguistics)
       Vocal registers
     Sociolinguistics [P40]
       Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
       Interviewing in sociolinguistics
       Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Language planning [P40.5.L35]
         Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
           English-only movement
           International agencies--Language policy
           United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
         Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
         Standard language [P368]
       Language purism [P40.5.L354]
       Language revival
       Language spread [P40.5.L37]
       Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
       Linguistic minorities
       Literature and society
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Structural linguistics
       Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
       Systemic grammar [P149]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Typology (Linguistics)
       Linguistic models
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics)
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
           Parts of speech
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Word (Linguistics)
   Mass media and language
   Mentally handicapped--Language
   Metal, Words for
   Mimetic words
   Multilingualism
   Music and language [ML3849]
   Native language
   Nonsexist language
   Onomatopoeia
   Oratory
   Parapsychology and language [BF1045.L35]
   Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
   Physically handicapped children--Language
   Psycholinguistics [P37]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Cognitive grammar [P165]
     Communicative competence
     Generative grammar
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
       Lexical phonology
       Lexical-functional grammar
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
     Language acquisition [P118]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language awareness in children [P118]
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2]
     Language awareness
     Mentally handicapped--Language
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Sound symbolism
     Speech errors
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
     Speech perception
   Racism in language
   Schizophrenics--Language
     Contamination (Psychology)
     Schizophasia
   Semantics (Philosophy)
     Game-theoretical semantics
     General semantics [B820]
       Epistemics
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Liar paradox
     Meaning (Philosophy)
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Performative (Philosophy)
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Private language problem
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Semantics [P325]
     Ambiguity
     Antonyms
     Collocation (Linguistics)
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Componential analysis in anthropology
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Definition (Logic)
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Discourse analysis
       Cohesion (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
       Register (Linguistics)
         Vocal registers
       Sublanguage [P120.S9]
         Terms and phrases
           Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
           Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
             Erotic proverbs
             Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Euphemism
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Formal languages--Semantics
     Game-theoretical semantics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
     Heteronyms
     Idioms
     Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Presupposition (Logic)
       Proposition (Logic)
     Onomasiology
       Reference (Linguistics)
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
         Cataphora
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Paraphrase
     Phraseology
       Idioms
     Play on words
     Polysemy
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Semantic differential technique
     Semiotics
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Synonyms
   Shepherds--Language
   Sign language [P117 (General)]
     American Sign Language
     Australian aborigines--Sign language
     British Sign Language
     Indian sign language [E98.S5]
     Walbiri (Australian people)--Sign language
   Sociolinguistics [P40]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
         English-only movement
         International agencies--Language policy
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354]
     Language revival
     Language spread [P40.5.L37]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
     Linguistic minorities
     Literature and society
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
   Space and time in language [P35]
   Speech
     Children, Deaf--Language
     Colloquial language [P408]
       Conversation
       Latin language, Colloquial
       Slang [P409-P410]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Standard language [P368]
   Statesmen--Language
   Teachers--Language
   Tramps--Language
   Translating and interpreting
     Court interpreting and translating
     Dubbing of motion pictures
     Folk poetry--Translating
     Information theory in translating
     Machine translating [P307-P310]
       Etap-2 (Computer system)
       Garni computer
       Ural computer
     Translating services
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services
       International agencies--Translating services
       United Nations--Translating services
   Translingua script
   Voice
     Nasality (Phonetics)
     Sonorants (Phonetics)
       Nasality (Phonetics)
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
   Women--Language
   Writing
     Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
       Writing, Copperplate
     Chinese language--Cursive writing
     English language--Writing
     Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
       Alphabet
         Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
           Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
           Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
             Morse code
         Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
           Aljamâia
           Båa® (The Arabic letter)
           Dad (The Arabic letter)
           Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Låam (The Arabic letter)
           òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
         Bharati alphabet
         Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
         Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
         Cuneiform writing
           Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
         Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
         Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
         Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
           Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
         Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
         Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
         Inscriptions, Linear A
           Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
         Modi alphabet [PK2361]
         Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
         Pasigraphy
           Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
           INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
           Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
           Neoglify (Picture language)
         Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
         Runes
         Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
       Writing--History
     Japanese language--Cursive writing
     Japanese language--Writing, Seal style
     Korean language--Cursive writing
     Language and languages--Orthography and spelling
       Diacritics
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
       Spelling errors
     Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
       Abbreviations
       Bark inscriptions
       Bone carving
       Copyists
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
         Alphabet
           Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
             Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
             Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
               Morse code
           Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
             Aljamâia
             Båa® (The Arabic letter)
             Dad (The Arabic letter)
             Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
             Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
             Låam (The Arabic letter)
             òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
           Bharati alphabet
           Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
           Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
           Cuneiform writing
             Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
           Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
           Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
           Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
             Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
           Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
           Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
           Inscriptions, Linear A
             Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
           Modi alphabet [PK2361]
           Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
           Pasigraphy
             Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
             INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
             Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
             Neoglify (Picture language)
           Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
           Runes
           Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
         Writing--History
       Manuscripts (Papyri)
         Coptic language--Papyri
         Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
       Ostraka
       Paleographers
       Palm-leaf inscriptions
       Runes
       Scriptoria
       Signatures (Writing)
       Stichometry
       Tironian notes
       Writing, Humanistic
       Writing, Minuscule
       Writing, Uncial
     Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350]
   Written communication
     Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126]
     English language--Written English
     German language--Written German
     Italian language--Written Italian
     Low German language--Written Low German
     Navajo language--Written Navajo
     Portuguese language--Written Portuguese
     Spanish language--Written Spanish
     Tamil language--Written Tamil

Farmers

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for farmers)

Figures of speech

 English language--Metonyms
 English language--Parallelism [PE1445.P3]

Finno-Ugric languages--Study and teaching

 Finno-Ugrists

Fisheries--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for fishers)

Fishers

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for fishers)

Fishing--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for fishers)

Flight attendants

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for flight attendants) [PE1116.F55]

Folk literature

 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
   Erotic proverbs
   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]

Fon dialect--Etymology

 Gbáe (The Fon word)
 Xâo (The Fon word)

Forensic sciences

 Forensic phonetics

Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]

 Formal languages [QA267.3] [P128.F67]
   AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P128.F67]
   Graph grammars [P128.F67]
   L systems [P128.F67]
   PARIS (Formal language) [P128.F67]
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P128.F67]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P128.F67]
   SYNTOL (Formal language) [P128.F67]

Franco-Provenðcal dialects [PC3081-PC3148]

 Provenðcal language [PC3201-PC3299] [PC3081-PC3148]
   Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B] [PC3081-PC3148]
   Gascon dialect [PC3421-PC3428] [PC3081-PC3148]
     Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B] [PC3081-PC3148]
 Vaudois dialect [PC3081-PC3148]

French literature

 Dialect literature, French

French poetry

 Dialect poetry, French

Gardeners

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for gardeners)

Gardening--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for gardeners)

Gascon dialect [PC3421-PC3428]

 Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B] [PC3421-PC3428]

General semantics [B820]

 Epistemics [B820]
 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [B820]

Generative grammar

 Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
 Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
 Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
 Lexical phonology
 Lexical-functional grammar
 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
 Montague grammar [P158.5]
 Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
   Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
 Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
   Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
   Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
 Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
 Relational grammar
   Arc pair grammar
 Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]

Geologists

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for geologists)

Geology--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for geologists)

German literature

 Dialect literature, German

German poetry

 Dialect poetry, German

Germanic languages--History

 Proto-Germanic language

Glottochronology

 Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]

Gourmets

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for gourmets)

Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295]

 Ambiguity [P151-P295]
 Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P151-P295]
 Applicative grammar [P151-P295]
 Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P151-P295]
   Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P151-P295]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P151-P295]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P151-P295]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P151-P295]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P151-P295]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P151-P295]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P151-P295]
         Parts of speech [P151-P295]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P151-P295]
 Categorial grammar [P161] [P151-P295]
 Cognitive grammar [P165] [P151-P295]
 Conditionals (Logic) [P151-P295]
 Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P151-P295]
 Generative grammar [P151-P295]
   Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P151-P295]
   Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P151-P295]
   Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
   Lexical phonology [P151-P295]
   Lexical-functional grammar [P151-P295]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P151-P295]
   Montague grammar [P158.5] [P151-P295]
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P151-P295]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P151-P295]
   Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P151-P295]
     Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P151-P295]
     Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P151-P295]
   Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
   Relational grammar [P151-P295]
     Arc pair grammar [P151-P295]
   Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P151-P295]
 Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P151-P295]
 Linguistic analysis (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
   Asymmetry (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
   Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [P151-P295]
   Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37] [P151-P295]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P151-P295]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P151-P295]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P151-P295]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P151-P295]
       Parts of speech [P151-P295]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P151-P295]
   Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64] [P151-P295]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P151-P295]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P151-P295]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P151-P295]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P151-P295]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P151-P295]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P151-P295]
       Parts of speech [P151-P295]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P151-P295]
   Economy (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
   Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65] [P151-P295]
   Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95] [P151-P295]
   Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [P151-P295]
     Formal languages [QA267.3] [P151-P295]
       AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P151-P295]
       Graph grammars [P151-P295]
       L systems [P151-P295]
       PARIS (Formal language) [P151-P295]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P151-P295]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P151-P295]
       SYNTOL (Formal language) [P151-P295]
   Glossematics [P151-P295]
   Hierarchy (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
     Stratificational grammar [P151-P295]
   Metalanguage [P128.M48] [P151-P295]
   Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
   Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P151-P295]
   Systemic grammar [P149] [P151-P295]
   Tagmemics [P151-P295]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P151-P295]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P151-P295]
   Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94] [P151-P295]
 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P151-P295]
 Network grammar [P98] [P151-P295]
 Order (Grammar) [P299.O73] [P151-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order [P151-P295]
     Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213] [P151-P295]
 Parenthesis (Rhetoric) [P151-P295]
 Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P151-P295]
   Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P151-P295]
 Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P151-P295]
 Relational grammar [P151-P295]
   Arc pair grammar [P151-P295]
 Role and reference grammar [P151-P295]
 Speculative grammar [P156] [P151-P295]
 Stratificational grammar [P151-P295]
 Systemic grammar [P149] [P151-P295]
 Tagmemics [P151-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P151-P295]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P151-P295]
 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P151-P295]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Adjective [P273]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Possessives [P279 (Pronouns)] [P273]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Affixes

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Infixes [P245]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Suffixes and prefixes [P245]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Aspect

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Iterative constructions

Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Case [P253]

 Case grammar [P163] [P253]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P253]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Ergative constructions [P291.5] [P253]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Locative constructions [P253]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Possessives [P279 (Pronouns)] [P253]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Clauses

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Comparative clauses
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Concessive clauses [P292.3]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Relative clauses
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Temporal clauses

Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics

Grammar, Comparative and general--Complement [P299.C59]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Direct object [P299.C59]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Connectives [P286]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Adverb [P284] [P286]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Conjunctions [P286] [P286]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton [P299.C6]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Function words [P283]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Article [P277] [P283]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Connectives [P286] [P283]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Adverb [P284] [P283]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Conjunctions [P286] [P283]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Particles [P283]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Interjections [P287] [P283]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Sentence particles [P283]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Pronoun [P279] [P283]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Person [P283]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P283]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Possessives [P279 (Pronouns)] [P283]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Gender [P271]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P271]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P204.5]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P204.5]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P204.5]
 Parts of speech [P204.5]
   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P204.5]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Inflection [P251-P259]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Reduplication [P245] [P251-P259]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Mood

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Conditionals [P292.5]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Imperative
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Indicative
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Subjunctive

Grammar, Comparative and general--Morphology [P241]

 Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7] [P241]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Inflection [P251-P259] [P241]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Reduplication [P245] [P241]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Word formation [P245] [P241]
   Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245] [P241]
   Calques [P324] [P241]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Compound words [P241]
   Portmanteau words [P241]
 Morphemics [P241]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Nominals [P271]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Adjective [P273] [P271]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Possessives [P279 (Pronouns)] [P271]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Gerund [P271]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Noun [P271]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Agent nouns [P271]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Collective nouns [P271] [P271]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Mass nouns [P271] [P271]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Numerals [P275] [P271]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Pronoun [P279] [P271]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Person [P271]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P271]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Possessives [P279 (Pronouns)] [P271]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Noun

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Agent nouns
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Collective nouns [P271]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Mass nouns [P271]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Number

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Mass nouns [P271]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Particles

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Interjections [P287]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Sentence particles

Grammar, Comparative and general--Person

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement

Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology [P215-P240]

 Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7] [P215-P240]
 Consonants [P215-P240]
   Aspiration (Phonetics) [P215-P240]
   Clicks (Phonetics) [P215-P240]
     African languages--Clicks [P215-P240]
     Khoisan languages--Clicks [P215-P240]
   Coronals (Phonetics) [P215-P240]
   Gemination [P215-P240]
   S (The sound) [P215-P240]
 Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P215-P240]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P215-P240]
 Gemination [P215-P240]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P215-P240]
 H (The sound) [P215-P240]
 Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P215-P240]
   Caesura in versification [P215-P240]
 Labiality (Phonetics) [P238] [P215-P240]
 Laryngeals (Phonetics) [P215-P240]
 Lexical phonology [P215-P240]
 Metrical phonology [P215-P240]
 Mutation (Phonetics) [P215-P240]
 Nasality (Phonetics) [P215-P240]
 Neutralization (Linguistics) [P215-P240]
 Phonemics [P215-P240]
   Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245] [P215-P240]
   Functional load (Linguistics) [P215-P240]
   Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P215-P240]
   Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P215-P240]
     African languages--Tone [P215-P240]
     Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P215-P240]
     Attie language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P215-P240]
     Baoulâe language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P215-P240]
     Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P215-P240]
     Dyula language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Efik language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Etsako language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Igbo language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P215-P240]
       Whistle speech [P215-P240]
     Kalenjin language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Moorâe language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Nama language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Nguni languages--Tone [P215-P240]
     Rundi language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Shona language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P215-P240]
     Venda language--Tone [P215-P240]
     Xhosa language--Tone [P215-P240]
 Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [P215-P240]
   Accents and accentuation [P215-P240]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P215-P240]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P215-P240]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P215-P240]
   Duration (Phonetics) [P215-P240]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P215-P240]
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P215-P240]
     Whistle speech [P215-P240]
   Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P215-P240]
     Caesura in versification [P215-P240]
   Language and languages--Rhythm [P215-P240]
     Caesura in versification [P215-P240]
   Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P215-P240]
 Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P215-P240]
   African languages--Tone [P215-P240]
   Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P215-P240]
   Attie language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P215-P240]
   Baoulâe language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P215-P240]
   Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P215-P240]
   Dyula language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Efik language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Etsako language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Igbo language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P215-P240]
     Whistle speech [P215-P240]
   Kalenjin language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Moorâe language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Nama language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Nguni languages--Tone [P215-P240]
   Rundi language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Shona language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P215-P240]
   Venda language--Tone [P215-P240]
   Xhosa language--Tone [P215-P240]
 Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P215-P240]
   Formants (Speech) [P215-P240]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P215-P240]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P215-P240]
     Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P215-P240]
     Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P215-P240]
     Votic language--Vowel harmony [P215-P240]
   Shwa (Phonetics) [P215-P240]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositional phrases [P285]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P285]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Pronoun [P279]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Person [P279]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P279]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Possessives [P279 (Pronouns)] [P279]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Sentences

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Clauses
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Comparative clauses
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Concessive clauses [P292.3]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Relative clauses
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Temporal clauses
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Conditionals [P292.5]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Existential constructions

Grammar, Comparative and general--Suppletion [P241]

 English language--Suppletion [PE1171] [P241]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Syntax [P291-P295]

 Case grammar [P163] [P291-P295]
 Causative (Linguistics) [P291-P295]
 Dependency grammar [P162] [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Clauses [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Comparative clauses [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Concessive clauses [P292.3] [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Relative clauses [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Temporal clauses [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Connectives [P286] [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Adverb [P284] [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Conjunctions [P286] [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6] [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Deletion [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Ellipsis [P291.3] [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Ergative constructions [P291.5] [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Exclamations [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Locative constructions [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Parsing [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Resultative constructions [P293.4] [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Subjectless constructions [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Subordinate constructions [P294] [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Temporal constructions [P294.5] [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Aspect [P291-P295]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Iterative constructions [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Temporal clauses [P291-P295]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Tense [P291-P295]
     Tense (Logic) [P291-P295]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Topic and comment [P291] [P291-P295]
 Phraseology [P291-P295]
   Idioms [P291-P295]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Temporal constructions [P294.5]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Aspect [P294.5]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Iterative constructions [P294.5]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Temporal clauses [P294.5]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Tense [P294.5]
   Tense (Logic) [P294.5]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Tense

 Tense (Logic)

Grammar, Comparative and general--Verb [P281]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Aspect [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Iterative constructions [P281]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Imperative [P281]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Mood [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Conditionals [P292.5] [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Imperative [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Indicative [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Subjunctive [P281]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Person [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P281]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Verb phrase

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Complement [P299.C59]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Direct object
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Existential constructions
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Transitivity
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Verb [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Aspect
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Iterative constructions
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Imperative
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Mood
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Conditionals [P292.5]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Imperative
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Indicative
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Subjunctive
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Person
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement

Grammar, Comparative and general--Verbals [P281]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Gerund [P281]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Infinitive [P281]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Verb [P281] [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Aspect [P281]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Iterative constructions [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Imperative [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Mood [P281]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Conditionals [P292.5] [P281]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Imperative [P281]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Indicative [P281]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Subjunctive [P281]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Person [P281]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P281]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Voice [P281]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Middle voice [P281]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Passive voice [P281]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony

 Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
 Okpe language--Vowel harmony
 Votic language--Vowel harmony

Grammar, Comparative and general--Word formation [P245]

 Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245] [P245]
 Calques [P324] [P245]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Compound words [P245]
 Portmanteau words [P245]

Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order

 Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213]

Grammaticality (Linguistics) [P299.G7]

 Agrammatism [P299.G7]

Graphemics

 English language--Graphemics

Greek language, Biblical [PA695-PA895]

 Greek language, Hellenistic (300 B.C.-600 A.D.) [PA600-PA691] [PA695-PA895]

Greek language, Biblical--Etymology

 Apokatastasis (The Greek word)
 Diathåekåe (The Greek word)
 Eiråenåe (The Greek word)

Greek language, Biblical--Terms and phrases

 Einai en (The Greek phrase)
 Menein en (The Greek phrase)

Greek philology

 Inscriptions, Greek [CN350-CN455]
   Heraclean tablets
   Inscriptions, Linear A
     Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
   Inscriptions, Linear B
     Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
     Inscriptions--Greece--Crete
   Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350]

Gypsies--Language

 Romany language [PK2896-PK2899]
   Calâo dialect (Romany) [PK2899.Z9C]
   Lovari dialect [PK2899.Z9L]
   Nuri dialect [PK2899.Z9N]

Handicapped children--Psychological testing

 Bankson language screening test
 Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities

Hayu dialect [PL3801.V2]

 Tibeto-Burman languages [PL3551-PL4001] [PL3801.V2]
   Abor language [PL4001.A2] [PL3801.V2]
     Milang language [PL4001.M53] [PL3801.V2]
     Padam language [PL3801.V2]
   Apatani language [PL4001.A75] [PL3801.V2]
   Balti language [PL3561.B2] [PL3801.V2]
   Bodo languages [PL3871-PL3874] [PL3801.V2]
     Bodo language [PL4001.B3] [PL3801.V2]
     Chutiya language [PL4001.C7] [PL3801.V2]
     Dimasa language [PL4001.D55] [PL3801.V2]
     Garo language [PL4001.G2] [PL3801.V2]
     Kokborok language [PL3801.V2]
     Rabha language [PL4001.R2] [PL3801.V2]
       Rangdania dialect [PL3801.V2]
     Tipura language [PL4001.T7] [PL3801.V2]
   Bokar language [PL4001.B325] [PL3801.V2]
   Bori language [PL3801.V2]
   Bugun language [PL4001.B] [PL3801.V2]
   Burmese language [PL3921-PL3969] [PL3801.V2]
   Chamba Lahuòli dialect [PL3801.C4] [PL3801.V2]
   Chepang language [PL3801.C5] [PL3801.V2]
   Dafla language [PL4001.D2] [PL3801.V2]
   Digaro language [PL4001.D] [PL3801.V2]
   Dzongkha language [PL3651.D96] [PL3801.V2]
   Dèanjong-kèa language [PL3651.D2] [PL3801.V2]
   Gallong language [PL4001.G16] [PL3801.V2]
   Gangte language [PL4001.G17] [PL3801.V2]
   Garo language [PL4001.G2] [PL3801.V2]
   Gurung language [PL3801.G8] [PL3801.V2]
   Idu language [PL3801.I38] [PL3801.V2]
   Jirel language [PL3801.J55] [PL3801.V2]
   Kachin dialects [PL3901-PL3904] [PL3801.V2]
     A-ch°ang language [PL3311.A] [PL3801.V2]
     Kachin language [PL4001.K3] [PL3801.V2]
     Maru language [PL3801.V2]
     Nung language [PL4001.N8] [PL3801.V2]
     Rawang language [PL3801.V2]
   Kadu language [PL3801.V2]
   Kaike language [PL3801.K15] [PL3801.V2]
   Kanauri language [PL3801.K3] [PL3801.V2]
   Kham language (Nepal) [PL3801.K497] [PL3801.V2]
   Kiranti languages [PL3801.V2]
     Bahing dialect [PL3801.B2] [PL3801.V2]
     Dumi language [PL3801.D8] [PL3801.V2]
     Khaling language [PL3801.K4] [PL3801.V2]
     Kulung language [PL3801.K8] [PL3801.V2]
       Sotang Kura dialect [PL3801.V2]
     Limbu language [PL3801.L5] [PL3801.V2]
     Sunwar language [PL3801.S8] [PL3801.V2]
     Thulung language [PL3801.T5] [PL3801.V2]
   Kusunda language [PL3801.K9] [PL3801.V2]
   Lahuli language [PL3651.L4] [PL3801.V2]
     Pattani dialect (India) [PL3651.L495P] [PL3801.V2]
   Lakher language [PL4001.L28] [PL3801.V2]
   Lhomi language [PL3801.L54] [PL3801.V2]
   Liangmai Naga language [PL4001.L75] [PL3801.V2]
   Loloish languages [PL3916-PL3919] [PL3801.V2]
     Chino language [PL3919.Z9C] [PL3801.V2]
     Hani language [PL3801.V2]
     Lahu language [PL4001.L18] [PL3801.V2]
     Lisu language [PL4001.L6] [PL3801.V2]
       Hua Lisu dialect [PL3801.V2]
     Naxi language [PL4001.N] [PL3801.V2]
     Proto-Loloish language [PL3801.V2]
     Yi language [PL3311.Y5] [PL3801.V2]
   Magar language [PL3801.M15] [PL3801.V2]
   Manipuri language [PL4001.M3] [PL3801.V2]
     Bishnupuriya dialect [PL4001.M3195B] [PL3801.V2]
   Memba language [PL4001.M37] [PL3801.V2]
   Miji language [PL4001.M49] [PL3801.V2]
   Mishmi language [PL4001.M55] [PL3801.V2]
     Miju dialect [PL4001.M5595M] [PL3801.V2]
   Monpa language [PL3801.V2]
   Naga languages [PL3881-PL3884] [PL3801.V2]
     Angami language [PL4001.A65] [PL3801.V2]
     Ao language [PL4001.A7] [PL3801.V2]
     Chakhesang language [PL4001.C35] [PL3801.V2]
     Chang language [PL4001.C37] [PL3801.V2]
     Kabui language [PL4001.K2] [PL3801.V2]
       Rongmei dialect [PL3801.V2]
     Khezha language [PL4001.K54] [PL3801.V2]
     Konyak language [PL4001.K75] [PL3801.V2]
     Lhota language [PL4001.L5] [PL3801.V2]
     Liangmai Naga language [PL4001.L75] [PL3801.V2]
     Mao Naga language [PL4001.M32] [PL3801.V2]
     Maram language [PL4001.M34] [PL3801.V2]
     Mikir language [PL4001.M5] [PL3801.V2]
     Moshang language [PL3801.V2]
     Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3] [PL3801.V2]
     Nocte language [PL4001.N63] [PL3801.V2]
     Phom language [PL4001.P45] [PL3801.V2]
     Pochury language [PL4001.P63] [PL3801.V2]
     Rengma language [PL4001.R4] [PL3801.V2]
     Sangtam language [PL4001.S34] [PL3801.V2]
     Sema language [PL4001.S52] [PL3801.V2]
     Simte language [PL4001.S56] [PL3801.V2]
       Zou dialect [PL400.Z68] [PL3801.V2]
     Tangkhul language [PL4001.T28] [PL3801.V2]
       Ukhrul dialect [PL3801.V2]
     Tangsa language [PL4001.T32] [PL3801.V2]
       Lungchang dialect [PL3801.V2]
       Moklum dialect [PL4001.M64] [PL3801.V2]
       Yogli dialect [PL4001.Y63] [PL3801.V2]
     Wancho language [PL4001.W35] [PL3801.V2]
     Yimchungru language [PL4001.Y38] [PL3801.V2]
     Zeliang language [PL4001.Z44] [PL3801.V2]
     Zeme language [PL3801.V2]
   Nam language [PL3801.N4] [PL3801.V2]
   Newari language [PL3801.N5] [PL3801.V2]
     Pahri dialect [PL3801.P34] [PL3801.V2]
   Pai language (China) [PL3311.P34] [PL3801.V2]
   Proto-Lolo-Burmese language [PL3801.V2]
   Purik language [PL3651.P8] [PL3801.V2]
   Pyu language (Burma) [PL3801.V2]
   Rang Pas language [PL3801.R3] [PL3801.V2]
   Siyin language [PL4001.S] [PL3801.V2]
   Sulung language [PL3801.S77] [PL3801.V2]
   Tagin language [PL4001.T24] [PL3801.V2]
   Tamang language [PL3801.T24] [PL3801.V2]
   Tangut language [PL3801.S5] [PL3801.V2]
   Thakali language [PL3801.V2]
   Thåado language [PL4001.T4] [PL3801.V2]
   Tibetan language [PL3601-PL3651] [PL3801.V2]
     Amdo dialect [PL3651.A6] [PL3801.V2]
     Kagate dialect [PL3651.K3] [PL3801.V2]
     Ladakhi language [PL3651.L3] [PL3801.V2]
     Lopa language [PL3801.V2]
     Lopa language (Nepal) [PL3651.L65] [PL3801.V2]
     Sherdukpen language [PL3651.S38] [PL3801.V2]
     Sherpa language [PL3651.S4] [PL3801.V2]
     Shigatse dialect [PL3651.S5] [PL3801.V2]
   Tipura language [PL4001.T7] [PL3801.V2]
   Tosu language [PL3311.T68] [PL3801.V2]
   Tsaiwa language [PL3801.V2]
   Tulung language [PL3801.T85] [PL3801.V2]
   Tutsa language [PL4001.T] [PL3801.V2]
   Vayu dialect [PL3801.V2] [PL3801.V2]
   Zang Zung language [PL3801.V2]
 Vayu dialect [PL3801.V2] [PL3801.V2]

Hebrew language, Post-Biblical--Particles

 Ela (The Hebrew particle)

Hierarchies

 Hierarchy (Linguistics)
   Stratificational grammar

Hierarchy (Linguistics)

 Stratificational grammar

Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]

 Alphabet [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
       Morse code [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Arabic alphabet [PJ6123] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Aljamâia [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Båa® (The Arabic letter) [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Dad (The Arabic letter) [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Hamzah (The Arabic letter) [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Låam (The Arabic letter) [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     òZåa® (The Arabic letter) [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Bharati alphabet [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Brahmi alphabet [PK119] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Celtiberian alphabet [P1081] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Cuneiform writing [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Cyrillic alphabet [PG92] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Devanagari alphabet [PK119] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Type and type-founding--Devanagari type [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Glagolitic alphabet [PG91] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Inscriptions, Linear A [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Kharosthi alphabet [PK119] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Modi alphabet [PK2361] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Ol alphabet [PL4563.1] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Pasigraphy [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     INO (Artificial language) [PM8396] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Neoglify (Picture language) [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Runes [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137] [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
 Writing--History [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]

Higher nervous activity

 Neurolinguistics [QP399]

Historical lexicology [P326]

 Language and languages--Etymology [P321] [P326]
   Cognate words [P326]
   Hand--Words for [P326]
   Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P326]
   Onomastics [P326]
 Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57] [P326]
   Pejoration (Linguistics) [P326]

Historical linguistics [P140]

 Comparative linguistics [P123] [P140]
   Glottochronology [P140]
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P140]
   Nostratic hypothesis [P140]
   Semantics [P325] [P140]
     Ambiguity [P140]
     Antonyms [P140]
     Collocation (Linguistics) [P140]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P140]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P140]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P140]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P140]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P140]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P140]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P140]
         Parts of speech [P140]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P140]
     Componential analysis in anthropology [P140]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P140]
     Definition (Logic) [P140]
       Semantics (Philosophy) [P140]
         Game-theoretical semantics [P140]
         General semantics [B820] [P140]
           Epistemics [P140]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P140]
         Liar paradox [P140]
         Meaning (Philosophy) [P140]
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P140]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [P140]
         Performative (Philosophy) [P140]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P140]
         Private language problem [P140]
         Speech acts (Linguistics) [P140]
     Discourse analysis [P140]
       Cohesion (Linguistics) [P140]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [P140]
       Register (Linguistics) [P140]
         Vocal registers [P140]
       Sublanguage [P120.S9] [P140]
         Terms and phrases [P140]
           Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P140]
           Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P140]
             Erotic proverbs [P140]
             Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P140]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P140]
     Euphemism [P140]
     Field theory (Linguistics) [P140]
     Formal languages--Semantics [P140]
     Game-theoretical semantics [P140]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P140]
     Heteronyms [P140]
     Idioms [P140]
     Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P140]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P140]
       Presupposition (Logic) [P140]
       Proposition (Logic) [P140]
     Onomasiology [P140]
       Reference (Linguistics) [P140]
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P140]
         Cataphora [P140]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P140]
     Paraphrase [P140]
     Phraseology [P140]
       Idioms [P140]
     Play on words [P140]
     Polysemy [P140]
     Reference (Linguistics) [P140]
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P140]
       Cataphora [P140]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P140]
     Semantic differential technique [P140]
     Semiotics [P140]
       Semantics (Philosophy) [P140]
         Game-theoretical semantics [P140]
         General semantics [B820] [P140]
           Epistemics [P140]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P140]
         Liar paradox [P140]
         Meaning (Philosophy) [P140]
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P140]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [P140]
         Performative (Philosophy) [P140]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P140]
         Private language problem [P140]
         Speech acts (Linguistics) [P140]
     Synonyms [P140]
 Historical lexicology [P326] [P140]
   Language and languages--Etymology [P321] [P140]
     Cognate words [P140]
     Hand--Words for [P140]
     Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P140]
     Onomastics [P140]
   Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57] [P140]
     Pejoration (Linguistics) [P140]
 Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P140]
 Linguistic change [P140]
   Glottochronology [P140]
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P140]
   Neogrammarians [P75] [P140]
 Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2] [P140]
   Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P140]

History

 Language and history [P41]
   Historical linguistics [P140]
     Comparative linguistics [P123]
       Glottochronology
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Nostratic hypothesis
       Semantics [P325]
         Ambiguity
         Antonyms
         Collocation (Linguistics)
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Componential analysis in anthropology
         Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
         Definition (Logic)
           Semantics (Philosophy)
             Game-theoretical semantics
             General semantics [B820]
               Epistemics
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
             Liar paradox
             Meaning (Philosophy)
             Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
             Montague grammar [P158.5]
             Performative (Philosophy)
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
             Private language problem
             Speech acts (Linguistics)
         Discourse analysis
           Cohesion (Linguistics)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
           Register (Linguistics)
             Vocal registers
           Sublanguage [P120.S9]
             Terms and phrases
               Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
               Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
                 Erotic proverbs
                 Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
         Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
         Euphemism
         Field theory (Linguistics)
         Formal languages--Semantics
         Game-theoretical semantics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
         Heteronyms
         Idioms
         Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
           Montague grammar [P158.5]
           Presupposition (Logic)
           Proposition (Logic)
         Onomasiology
           Reference (Linguistics)
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
             Cataphora
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
         Paraphrase
         Phraseology
           Idioms
         Play on words
         Polysemy
         Reference (Linguistics)
           Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
           Cataphora
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
         Semantic differential technique
         Semiotics
           Semantics (Philosophy)
             Game-theoretical semantics
             General semantics [B820]
               Epistemics
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
             Liar paradox
             Meaning (Philosophy)
             Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
             Montague grammar [P158.5]
             Performative (Philosophy)
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
             Private language problem
             Speech acts (Linguistics)
         Synonyms
     Historical lexicology [P326]
       Language and languages--Etymology [P321]
         Cognate words
         Hand--Words for
         Linguistic paleontology [P35]
         Onomastics
       Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]
         Pejoration (Linguistics)
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
     Linguistic change
       Glottochronology
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Neogrammarians [P75]
     Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35]

Hittites

 Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]

Home economics--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for domestics)

Hotels--Employees

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for restaurant and hotel personnel)

Hotels--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for restaurant and hotel personnel)

Human-computer interaction

 Natural language processing (Computer science) [QA76.9.N38]
   FERRET (Information retrieval system)

Humanities libraries

 Linguistics libraries

Illiac computer--Programming

 GLYPNIR (Computer program language)
 IBAL (Computer program language)

Indians--Languages--Writing [E59.W9]

 Picture-writing, Indian [E59.W9]

Indo-Aryan languages, Middle

 Prakrit languages [PK1201-PK1429]
   Apabhraòmâsa language [PK1421-PK1429]
     Avahattha language [PK1441-PK1449]
   Avahattha language [PK1441-PK1449]
   Magadhi Prakrit language
   Maharashtri language [PK1231-PK1239]
   âSaurasåenåi language
 Sanskrit language, Buddhist Hybrid [PK1469]
 Sanskrit language, Epigraphical Hybrid [PK1470]

Indo-Aryan languages, Modern [PK1501-PK2845]

 Assamese language [PK1550-PK1599] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kåamråupåi dialect [PK1559.K36] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Bengali language [PK1651-PK1695] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Rajbangsi dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
 Bhili language [PK1800] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Bihari language [PK1801-PK1831] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Angika language [PK1810] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Bajjika language [PK1831] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Bhojpuri language [PK1825-PK1830] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Sadani dialect [PK1830.S23] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kurmali dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
   Magahi language [PK1821-PK1824] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Maithili language [PK1811-PK1819] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Khotta dialect [PK1819.5.K] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Tharu language [PK1832] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Chakma language [PK1833] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Changari language [PK1501-PK2845]
 Danuwar Rai language [PK1834] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Darai language [PK1835] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Dardic languages [PK7001-PK7070] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kalash language [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kashmiri language [PK7021-PK7029] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Khowar language [PK7070] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Maiya language [PK7045.M3] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Phalura language [PK7075] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Shina language [PK1501-PK2845]
     Brokpa dialect [PK7015.B75] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Torwali language [PK7045.T6] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Wotapuri-Katarqalai language [PK7045.W6] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Dingal language [PK2461-PK2469] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Shekhawati dialect [PK2469.S4] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Divehi language [PK1836] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Dumaki language [PK1837] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Gujarati language [PK1841-PK1847] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Halari dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
   Parsi-Gujarati dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
   Saurashtri dialect [PK1870] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Sidi dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
 Halbi language [PK1914] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Hindustani language [PK1931-PK1937] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Dakhini language [PK1970.5] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Fiji Hindi language [PK2000.F54] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Hindi language [PK1931-PK1939] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Awadhi dialect [PK2001-PK2007] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Badayuni dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
     Bagheli dialect [PK1951-PK1957] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Marari dialect [PK1970.M37] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Bangaru dialect [PK1960] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Deswali dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
     Bihari language [PK1801-PK1831] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Angika language [PK1810] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Bajjika language [PK1831] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Bhojpuri language [PK1825-PK1830] [PK1501-PK2845]
         Sadani dialect [PK1830.S23] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Kurmali dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
       Magahi language [PK1821-PK1824] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Maithili language [PK1811-PK1819] [PK1501-PK2845]
         Khotta dialect [PK1819.5.K] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Tharu language [PK1832] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Braj language [PK1961-PK1964] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Bundeli dialect [PK1968] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Pawari dialect [PK1968.95.P3] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Chattisgarhi dialect [PK1959] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Khari Boli language [PK1969.3] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Urdu language [PK1975-PK1987] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Khari Boli language [PK1969.3] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Konkani language [PK2231-PK2237] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Agri dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kudali dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
 Kupia language [PK2246] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Lahndåa language [PK2261-PK2274] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Hindkåo dialect [PK2269.H5] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Påoòthwåaråi dialect [PK2269.P65] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Siraiki language [PK2892] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Siråaikåi Hindkåi dialect [PK2892.95.S55] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Siråaikåi Sindhåi dialect [PK2892.95.S56] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Marathi language [PK2351-PK2378] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Are dialect [PK2378.A] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Koshti dialect (Marathi) [PK2378.K67] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kunabi dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
   Varhadi-Nagpuri dialect [PK2378.V37] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Nepali language [PK2595-PK2599] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kumali dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
   Parvati dialect [PK2599.P37] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Oriya language [PK2561-PK2569] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Adiwasi Oriya language [PK2579.5.A35] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Sambalpuri dialect [PK2579.5.S35] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Panjabi language [PK2631-PK2639] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Dogri dialect [PK2645-PK2648] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Kangri dialect [PK2649.K4] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kangri dialect [PK2649.K4] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Parya language [PK2675] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Rajasthani language [PK2701-PK2709] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Bagri dialect [PK2469.B3] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Dingal language [PK2461-PK2469] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Shekhawati dialect [PK2469.S4] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Gujuri language [PK1911] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Harauti language [PK1921-PK1924] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Jaipuråi dialect [PK2215-PK2218] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Lambadi language [PK2251] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Malvi dialect [PK2331-PK2339] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Marwari language [PK2461-PK2479] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Bikaneri dialect [PK2469.B5] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Dingal language [PK2461-PK2469] [PK1501-PK2845]
       Shekhawati dialect [PK2469.S4] [PK1501-PK2845]
     Mewari dialect [PK2469.M4] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Mewati dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
   Nimadi dialect [PK2521] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Wagdi dialect [PK1501-PK2845]
 Sindhi language [PK2781-PK2794] [PK1501-PK2845]
   Kachchhi dialect [PK2790.K3] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Sinhalese language [PK2801-PK2845] [PK1501-PK2845]
 Vaagri Boli language [PK2893] [PK1501-PK2845]

Indo-Aryan languages, Modern--Writing

 Bharati alphabet

Indo-Aryan languages--Writing

 Bharati alphabet
 Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
 Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]

Indologists

 Gujarati philologists
 Malayalam philologists
 Sanskrit philologists
 Telugu philologists

Information theory

 Language and languages [P1-P410]
   Alien labor--Language
   Antisemitism in language
   Bilingualism
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
   Children, Deaf--Language
   Children--Language [LB1139.L3]
     Communicative competence in children
     Language awareness in children [P118]
     Physically handicapped children--Language
     Verbal ability in children
   Christian education and language [BV1464]
   Christian union--Language question
   Classification--Books--Language and languages
   Colloquial language [P408]
     Conversation
     Latin language, Colloquial
     Slang [P409-P410]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
   Confusion of tongues
   Courts and courtiers--Language
   Elocution
   Executives--Language
   Formal languages [QA267.3]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
     Graph grammars
     L systems
     PARIS (Formal language)
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     SYNTOL (Formal language)
   Imaginary languages
   Judgment
   Language and education
     Education, Bilingual
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
     Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Communication in foreign language education
       Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language and languages--Ability testing
         Bankson language screening test
         Children--Language--Testing
           Bankson language screening test
           Denver Articulation Screening Exam
           Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
           Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
           Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
           Reynell Developmental Language Scales
           Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
           Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
           Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Television in foreign language education
     Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
       Language camps
       Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.
     Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]
     Native language--Study and teaching
   Linguistic change
     Glottochronology
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
     Neogrammarians [P75]
   Linguistics [P121-P141]
     Analogy (Linguistics)
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
     Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Applied linguistics
       Computational linguistics [P98]
         Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion
         COMSKEE (Computer program language)
         Computer poetry
         Computer prose
         EPICURE (Computer system)
         Lexicography--Data processing
         Lexicology--Data processing
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         MIND (Computer system)
         Machine translating [P307-P310]
           Etap-2 (Computer system)
           Garni computer
           Ural computer
         Network grammar [P98]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Psli3 (Computer system)
         SUSY (Computer system)
         SYGMART (Computer program language)
         Speech processing systems
           NUMAUDO (Computer program language)
         Word processing--Foreign languages
       Language services [P40.5.L36]
         Translating services
           Congresses and conventions--Translating services
           International agencies--Translating services
           United Nations--Translating services
       Machine translating [P307-P310]
         Etap-2 (Computer system)
         Garni computer
         Ural computer
       Mathematical linguistics
         Dependency grammar [P162]
         Glossematics
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
         IPL (Computer program language)
         Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
         Linguistics--Graphic methods
         Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
           Language and languages--Word frequency
             Zipf's law
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Semantics--Mathematical models
     Archaisms (Linguistics)
     Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6]
       Languages in contact
         Bilingualism
           Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
         Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895]
           Arabic-Afrikaans dialect
           Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
             Saramaccan language
           Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164]
           Franco-Venetian language
           Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5]
           Hobson-jobson
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Manipravalam language (Malayalam)
           Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44]
           Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5]
           Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Lingua francas
           Filipino language
           Indoubill language
           Kituba language
           Lingala language [PL8456]
           Mobilian trade language [PM1855]
           Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3]
           Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895]
             Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
               Saramaccan language
             Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3]
             Pidgin Dutch
             Pidgin English [PM7891]
               Bislama language [PM7895.B4]
               Tok Pisin language
             Pidgin German
           Sango language [PL8641]
         Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
       Linguistic geography [P375-P381]
         Language surveys
     Asymmetry (Linguistics)
     Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
     Biolinguistics [P41]
       Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]
         Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Psycholinguistics [P37]
         Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
           Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
             Componential analysis (Linguistics)
               Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
                 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                   Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
                 Parts of speech
                   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Cognitive grammar [P165]
         Communicative competence
         Generative grammar
           Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
           Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
           Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
           Lexical phonology
           Lexical-functional grammar
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Montague grammar [P158.5]
           Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
             Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
           Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
             Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
             Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
           Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
           Relational grammar
             Arc pair grammar
           Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
         Language acquisition [P118]
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Language awareness in children [P118]
           Language transfer (Language learning)
             Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Second language acquisition [P118.2]
         Language awareness
         Mentally handicapped--Language
         Racism in language
         Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
         Sound symbolism
         Speech errors
           Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
         Speech perception
     Classification--Books--Linguistics
     Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Cohesion (Linguistics)
     Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Context (Linguistics)
     Contrastive linguistics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Economy (Linguistics)
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Forensic linguistics
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
       Formal languages [QA267.3]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
         Graph grammars
         L systems
         PARIS (Formal language)
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         SYNTOL (Formal language)
     Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
     Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295]
       Ambiguity
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Applicative grammar
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Categorial grammar [P161]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Conditionals (Logic)
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)
         Asymmetry (Linguistics)
         Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
         Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Economy (Linguistics)
         Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
         Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
         Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
           Formal languages [QA267.3]
             AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
             Graph grammars
             L systems
             PARIS (Formal language)
             Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
               Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
             SYNTOL (Formal language)
         Glossematics
         Hierarchy (Linguistics)
           Stratificational grammar
         Metalanguage [P128.M48]
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
         Systemic grammar [P149]
         Tagmemics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Network grammar [P98]
       Order (Grammar) [P299.O73]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order
           Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213]
       Parenthesis (Rhetoric)
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Role and reference grammar
       Speculative grammar [P156]
       Stratificational grammar
       Systemic grammar [P149]
       Tagmemics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Graphemics
       English language--Graphemics
     Hesitation form (Linguistics)
     Hierarchy (Linguistics)
       Stratificational grammar
     Historical linguistics [P140]
       Comparative linguistics [P123]
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Nostratic hypothesis
         Semantics [P325]
           Ambiguity
           Antonyms
           Collocation (Linguistics)
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
           Componential analysis in anthropology
           Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
           Definition (Logic)
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Discourse analysis
             Cohesion (Linguistics)
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
             Register (Linguistics)
               Vocal registers
             Sublanguage [P120.S9]
               Terms and phrases
                 Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
                 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
                   Erotic proverbs
                   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
           Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
           Euphemism
           Field theory (Linguistics)
           Formal languages--Semantics
           Game-theoretical semantics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
           Heteronyms
           Idioms
           Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
             Montague grammar [P158.5]
             Presupposition (Logic)
             Proposition (Logic)
           Onomasiology
             Reference (Linguistics)
               Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
               Cataphora
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Paraphrase
           Phraseology
             Idioms
           Play on words
           Polysemy
           Reference (Linguistics)
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
             Cataphora
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Semantic differential technique
           Semiotics
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Synonyms
       Historical lexicology [P326]
         Language and languages--Etymology [P321]
           Cognate words
           Hand--Words for
           Linguistic paleontology [P35]
           Onomastics
         Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]
           Pejoration (Linguistics)
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Linguistic change
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Neogrammarians [P75]
       Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2]
         Linguistic paleontology [P35]
     Idioms
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
       Caesura in versification
     Linguistic models
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Mathematical linguistics
       Dependency grammar [P162]
       Glossematics
       Glottochronology
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
       IPL (Computer program language)
       Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
       Linguistics--Graphic methods
       Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
         Language and languages--Word frequency
           Zipf's law
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Semantics--Mathematical models
     Minimal pair (Linguistics)
     Modality (Linguistics)
     Naturalness (Linguistics)
     Neurolinguistics [QP399]
     Neutralization (Linguistics)
     Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Parallelism (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton
     Pejoration (Linguistics)
     Phonetics [P221-P227]
       Aspiration (Phonetics)
       Assimilation (Phonetics)
       Clicks (Phonetics)
         African languages--Clicks
         Khoisan languages--Clicks
       Consonants
         Aspiration (Phonetics)
         Clicks (Phonetics)
           African languages--Clicks
           Khoisan languages--Clicks
         Coronals (Phonetics)
         Gemination
         S (The sound)
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Forensic phonetics
       H (The sound)
       Haplology
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Labiality (Phonetics) [P238]
       Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions
       Laryngeals (Phonetics)
       Monophthongization
       Mutation (Phonetics)
       Palatalization
       Phonemics
         Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245]
         Functional load (Linguistics)
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
           African languages--Tone
           Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
           Attie language--Tone
           Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
           Baoulâe language--Tone
           Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
           Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
           Dyula language--Tone
           Efik language--Tone
           Etsako language--Tone
           Igbo language--Tone
           Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
             Whistle speech
           Kalenjin language--Tone
           Kinyarwanda language--Tone
           Moorâe language--Tone
           Nama language--Tone
           Nguni languages--Tone
           Rundi language--Tone
           Shona language--Tone
           Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
           Venda language--Tone
           Xhosa language--Tone
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
         Accents and accentuation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Duration (Phonetics)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
           Caesura in versification
         Language and languages--Rhythm
           Caesura in versification
         Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       S (The sound)
       Sonorants (Phonetics)
         Nasality (Phonetics)
         Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
           Formants (Speech)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
             Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
             Okpe language--Vowel harmony
             Votic language--Vowel harmony
           Shwa (Phonetics)
       Sound symbolism
       Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
         African languages--Tone
         Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
         Attie language--Tone
         Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
         Baoulâe language--Tone
         Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
         Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
         Dyula language--Tone
         Efik language--Tone
         Etsako language--Tone
         Igbo language--Tone
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Kalenjin language--Tone
         Kinyarwanda language--Tone
         Moorâe language--Tone
         Nama language--Tone
         Nguni languages--Tone
         Rundi language--Tone
         Shona language--Tone
         Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
         Venda language--Tone
         Xhosa language--Tone
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
     Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
       Accents and accentuation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
         Caesura in versification
       Language and languages--Rhythm
         Caesura in versification
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
     Psycholinguistics [P37]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Communicative competence
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
       Language acquisition [P118]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
         Language awareness in children [P118]
         Language transfer (Language learning)
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
         Second language acquisition [P118.2]
       Language awareness
       Mentally handicapped--Language
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Sound symbolism
       Speech errors
         Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
       Speech perception
     Redundancy (Linguistics)
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Register (Linguistics)
       Vocal registers
     Sociolinguistics [P40]
       Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
       Interviewing in sociolinguistics
       Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Language planning [P40.5.L35]
         Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
           English-only movement
           International agencies--Language policy
           United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
         Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
         Standard language [P368]
       Language purism [P40.5.L354]
       Language revival
       Language spread [P40.5.L37]
       Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
       Linguistic minorities
       Literature and society
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Structural linguistics
       Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
       Systemic grammar [P149]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Typology (Linguistics)
       Linguistic models
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics)
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
           Parts of speech
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Word (Linguistics)
   Mass media and language
   Mentally handicapped--Language
   Metal, Words for
   Mimetic words
   Multilingualism
   Music and language [ML3849]
   Native language
   Nonsexist language
   Onomatopoeia
   Oratory
   Parapsychology and language [BF1045.L35]
   Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
   Physically handicapped children--Language
   Psycholinguistics [P37]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Cognitive grammar [P165]
     Communicative competence
     Generative grammar
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
       Lexical phonology
       Lexical-functional grammar
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
     Language acquisition [P118]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language awareness in children [P118]
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2]
     Language awareness
     Mentally handicapped--Language
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Sound symbolism
     Speech errors
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
     Speech perception
   Racism in language
   Schizophrenics--Language
     Contamination (Psychology)
     Schizophasia
   Semantics (Philosophy)
     Game-theoretical semantics
     General semantics [B820]
       Epistemics
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Liar paradox
     Meaning (Philosophy)
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Performative (Philosophy)
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Private language problem
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Semantics [P325]
     Ambiguity
     Antonyms
     Collocation (Linguistics)
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Componential analysis in anthropology
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Definition (Logic)
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Discourse analysis
       Cohesion (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
       Register (Linguistics)
         Vocal registers
       Sublanguage [P120.S9]
         Terms and phrases
           Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
           Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
             Erotic proverbs
             Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Euphemism
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Formal languages--Semantics
     Game-theoretical semantics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
     Heteronyms
     Idioms
     Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Presupposition (Logic)
       Proposition (Logic)
     Onomasiology
       Reference (Linguistics)
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
         Cataphora
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Paraphrase
     Phraseology
       Idioms
     Play on words
     Polysemy
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Semantic differential technique
     Semiotics
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Synonyms
   Shepherds--Language
   Sign language [P117 (General)]
     American Sign Language
     Australian aborigines--Sign language
     British Sign Language
     Indian sign language [E98.S5]
     Walbiri (Australian people)--Sign language
   Sociolinguistics [P40]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
         English-only movement
         International agencies--Language policy
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354]
     Language revival
     Language spread [P40.5.L37]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
     Linguistic minorities
     Literature and society
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
   Space and time in language [P35]
   Speech
     Children, Deaf--Language
     Colloquial language [P408]
       Conversation
       Latin language, Colloquial
       Slang [P409-P410]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Standard language [P368]
   Statesmen--Language
   Teachers--Language
   Tramps--Language
   Translating and interpreting
     Court interpreting and translating
     Dubbing of motion pictures
     Folk poetry--Translating
     Information theory in translating
     Machine translating [P307-P310]
       Etap-2 (Computer system)
       Garni computer
       Ural computer
     Translating services
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services
       International agencies--Translating services
       United Nations--Translating services
   Translingua script
   Voice
     Nasality (Phonetics)
     Sonorants (Phonetics)
       Nasality (Phonetics)
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
   Women--Language
   Writing
     Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
       Writing, Copperplate
     Chinese language--Cursive writing
     English language--Writing
     Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
       Alphabet
         Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
           Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
           Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
             Morse code
         Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
           Aljamâia
           Båa® (The Arabic letter)
           Dad (The Arabic letter)
           Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Låam (The Arabic letter)
           òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
         Bharati alphabet
         Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
         Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
         Cuneiform writing
           Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
         Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
         Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
         Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
           Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
         Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
         Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
         Inscriptions, Linear A
           Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
         Modi alphabet [PK2361]
         Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
         Pasigraphy
           Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
           INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
           Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
           Neoglify (Picture language)
         Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
         Runes
         Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
       Writing--History
     Japanese language--Cursive writing
     Japanese language--Writing, Seal style
     Korean language--Cursive writing
     Language and languages--Orthography and spelling
       Diacritics
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
       Spelling errors
     Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
       Abbreviations
       Bark inscriptions
       Bone carving
       Copyists
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
         Alphabet
           Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
             Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
             Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
               Morse code
           Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
             Aljamâia
             Båa® (The Arabic letter)
             Dad (The Arabic letter)
             Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
             Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
             Låam (The Arabic letter)
             òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
           Bharati alphabet
           Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
           Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
           Cuneiform writing
             Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
           Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
           Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
           Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
             Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
           Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
           Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
           Inscriptions, Linear A
             Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
           Modi alphabet [PK2361]
           Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
           Pasigraphy
             Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
             INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
             Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
             Neoglify (Picture language)
           Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
           Runes
           Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
         Writing--History
       Manuscripts (Papyri)
         Coptic language--Papyri
         Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
       Ostraka
       Paleographers
       Palm-leaf inscriptions
       Runes
       Scriptoria
       Signatures (Writing)
       Stichometry
       Tironian notes
       Writing, Humanistic
       Writing, Minuscule
       Writing, Uncial
     Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350]
   Written communication
     Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126]
     English language--Written English
     German language--Written German
     Italian language--Written Italian
     Low German language--Written Low German
     Navajo language--Written Navajo
     Portuguese language--Written Portuguese
     Spanish language--Written Spanish
     Tamil language--Written Tamil
 Machine translating [P307-P310]
   Etap-2 (Computer system)
   Garni computer
   Ural computer
 Mathematical linguistics
   Dependency grammar [P162]
   Glossematics
   Glottochronology
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
   IPL (Computer program language)
   Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
   Linguistics--Graphic methods
   Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
     Language and languages--Word frequency
       Zipf's law
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
   Semantics--Mathematical models
 Redundancy (Linguistics)
 Semantics [P325]
   Ambiguity
   Antonyms
   Collocation (Linguistics)
   Componential analysis (Linguistics)
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
       Parts of speech
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
   Componential analysis in anthropology
   Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
   Definition (Logic)
     Semantics (Philosophy)
       Game-theoretical semantics
       General semantics [B820]
         Epistemics
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Liar paradox
       Meaning (Philosophy)
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Performative (Philosophy)
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Private language problem
       Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Discourse analysis
     Cohesion (Linguistics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
     Register (Linguistics)
       Vocal registers
     Sublanguage [P120.S9]
       Terms and phrases
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
         Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
           Erotic proverbs
           Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
   Euphemism
   Field theory (Linguistics)
   Formal languages--Semantics
   Game-theoretical semantics
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
   Heteronyms
   Idioms
   Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Presupposition (Logic)
     Proposition (Logic)
   Onomasiology
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
   Paraphrase
   Phraseology
     Idioms
   Play on words
   Polysemy
   Reference (Linguistics)
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
     Cataphora
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
   Semantic differential technique
   Semiotics
     Semantics (Philosophy)
       Game-theoretical semantics
       General semantics [B820]
         Epistemics
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Liar paradox
       Meaning (Philosophy)
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Performative (Philosophy)
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Private language problem
       Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Synonyms

Inscriptions

 Architectural inscriptions [NA4050.I5]
 Bells--Inscriptions [CC200-CC250]
 Brasses
 Brick stamps
 Bronzes--Inscriptions
 Calligraphy, Chinese--Inscriptions [ND1457.C53]
 Cuneiform writing
   Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
 Epitaphs
 Graffiti
 Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Alphabet
     Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
       Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
       Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
         Morse code
     Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
       Aljamâia
       Båa® (The Arabic letter)
       Dad (The Arabic letter)
       Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
       Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
       Låam (The Arabic letter)
       òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
     Bharati alphabet
     Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
     Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
     Cuneiform writing
       Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
     Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
     Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
     Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
       Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
     Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
     Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
     Inscriptions, Linear A
       Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
     Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
     Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
     Modi alphabet [PK2361]
     Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
     Pasigraphy
       Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
       INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
       Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
       Neoglify (Picture language)
     Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
     Runes
     Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
   Writing--History
 Lacquer and lacquering--Inscriptions
 Monograms
 Mural painting and decoration, Italian--Inscriptions
 Mural painting and decoration, Renaissance--Inscriptions
 Musical inscriptions
 Painting, Chinese--Inscriptions
 Painting, Japanese--Inscriptions [ND1052]
 Painting, Korean--Inscriptions
 Panel painting, Italian--Inscriptions
 Panel painting, Renaissance--Inscriptions
 Petroglyphs [GN799.P4]
 Sculpture, Buddhist--Inscriptions
 Sculpture, Japanese--Inscriptions [NB1052]
 Sculpture, Shinto--Inscriptions
 Seals (Numismatics)
 Signatures (Writing)

Inscriptions, Arabic

 Inscriptions, Lihyanic
 Inscriptions, Safaitic
 Inscriptions, Thamudic

Inscriptions, Aramaic

 Inscriptions, Nabataean [PJ5239]

Inscriptions, Chinese

 Oracle bones

Inscriptions, Greek [CN350-CN455]

 Heraclean tablets [CN350-CN455]
 Inscriptions, Linear A [CN350-CN455]
   Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [CN350-CN455]
 Inscriptions, Linear B [CN350-CN455]
   Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [CN350-CN455]
   Inscriptions--Greece--Crete [CN350-CN455]
 Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350] [CN350-CN455]

Inscriptions, Hieroglyphic

 Egyptian language--Inscriptions [PJ1501-PJ1819]
 Inscriptions, Linear A
   Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
 Inscriptions, Linear B
   Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
   Inscriptions--Greece--Crete
 Inscriptions, Meroitic

Inscriptions, Hittite

 Inscriptions, Luwian

Inscriptions, Iberian

 Inscriptions, Celtiberian

Inscriptions, Indic

 Indus script
 Sanskrit language, Epigraphical Hybrid [PK1470]

Inscriptions, Irish

 Ogham alphabet [PB1217]

Inscriptions, Italic

 Inscriptions, Picenian

Inscriptions, Latin

 Fasti consulares

Inscriptions, Latin--Italy

 Tabula Alimentaria Ligurum Baebianorum

Inscriptions, Linear A

 Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]

Inscriptions, Linear B

 Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
 Inscriptions--Greece--Crete

Inscriptions, Malayan

 Ka-Ga-Nga script

Inscriptions, Old Turkic [PL31]

 Old Turkic language [PL31] [PL31]

Inscriptions, Phoenician

 Inscriptions, Punic

Inscriptions, Runic

 Rèok stone inscription [PD2007.R6]

Inscriptions, Runic--Minnesota

 Kensington Rune Stone

Inscriptions, Runic--Norway

 Eggja Rune Stone
 Tune Rune Stone

Inscriptions, Semitic

 Inscriptions, Proto-Sinaitic [PJ4160]

Inscriptions--Greece

 Inscriptions, Eteocretan
 Phaistos Disk

Inscriptions--Japan

 Tago no Hi (Yoshii-machi, Gunma-ken, Japan)
 Yama no Ue no Hi (Takasaki-shi, Japan)

Interdisciplinary approach in education

 Language arts--Correlation with content subjects
   Content area reading

Interpersonal communication in children

 Children--Language [LB1139.L3]
   Communicative competence in children
   Language awareness in children [P118]
   Physically handicapped children--Language
   Verbal ability in children
 Language acquisition [P118]
   Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
   Language awareness in children [P118]
   Language transfer (Language learning)
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
   Second language acquisition [P118.2]

Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]

 Whistle speech [P222]

Iranian languages, Middle [PK6135]

 Khorezmi language [PK6199.7] [PK6135]
 Khotanese language [PK6199.8] [PK6135]
 Pahlavi language [PK6141-PK6181] [PK6135]
   Parthian language [PK6185.P3] [PK6135]
   Persian language [PK6201-PK6399] [PK6135]
     Hazara language [PK6996.H3] [PK6135]
 Parthian language [PK6185.P3] [PK6135]
 Sogdian language [P921] [PK6135]
   Yaghnobi language [PK6996.Y2] [PK6135]

Islamic antiquities

 Inscriptions, Islamic [CN1153]

Islamic law

 Semantics (Islamic law)

Italian literature

 Dialect literature, Italian

Italian poetry

 Dialect poetry, Italian

Italic languages and dialects [PA2420-PN2550]

 Faliscan language [PA2530] [PA2420-PN2550]
 Venetic language [PA2395] [PA2420-PN2550]

Italic languages and dialects--Etymology

 Dåonom (The Italic word)

Italy--Languages--Pre-Italic

 Etruscan language [P1078]

Jewish literature

 Proverbs, Jewish
   Proverbs, Hebrew
   Proverbs, Yiddish

Jews--Antiquities

 Inscriptions, Jewish

Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]

 Caesura in versification [P218.5]

Kachin dialects [PL3901-PL3904]

 A-ch°ang language [PL3311.A] [PL3901-PL3904]
 Kachin language [PL4001.K3] [PL3901-PL3904]
 Maru language [PL3901-PL3904]
 Nung language [PL4001.N8] [PL3901-PL3904]
 Rawang language [PL3901-PL3904]

Karo-Batak dialect [PL5334]

 Alas dialect [PL5334]

Kiangan Ifugao dialect

 Tuwali dialect

Kotoko dialects

 Afade dialect [PL8046.A23]

Language acquisition [P118]

 Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P118]
 Language awareness in children [P118] [P118]
 Language transfer (Language learning) [P118]
   Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P118]
 Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P118]

Language acquisition--Testing

 Miller-Yoder Language Comprehension Test [LB3060.33.M54]
 Rhode Island Test of Language Structure

Language and culture [P35]

 Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5] [P35]
   Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P35]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P35]
 Sociolinguistics [P40] [P35]
   Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [P35]
   Interviewing in sociolinguistics [P35]
   Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P35]
   Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P35]
   Language planning [P40.5.L35] [P35]
     Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [P35]
       English-only movement [P35]
       International agencies--Language policy [P35]
       United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [P35]
     Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [P35] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
     Standard language [P368] [P35]
   Language purism [P40.5.L354] [P35]
   Language revival [P35]
   Language spread [P40.5.L37] [P35]
   Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45] [P35]
   Linguistic minorities [P35]
   Literature and society [P35]
   Racism in language [P35]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P35]
   Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P35]

Language and education

 Education, Bilingual
   Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
 Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]
   Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
     Listening comprehension tests
   Communication in foreign language education
   Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44]
   Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
   Language and languages--Ability testing
     Bankson language screening test
     Children--Language--Testing
       Bankson language screening test
       Denver Articulation Screening Exam
       Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
       Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
       Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
       Reynell Developmental Language Scales
       Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
       Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
       Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
     Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
     Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
   Language transfer (Language learning)
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
   Television in foreign language education
 Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]
   Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
     Listening comprehension tests
   Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
   Language camps
   Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.
 Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]
 Native language--Study and teaching

Language and history [P41]

 Historical linguistics [P140] [P41]
   Comparative linguistics [P123] [P41]
     Glottochronology [P41]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P41]
     Nostratic hypothesis [P41]
     Semantics [P325] [P41]
       Ambiguity [P41]
       Antonyms [P41]
       Collocation (Linguistics) [P41]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P41]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P41]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P41]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P41]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P41]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P41]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P41]
           Parts of speech [P41]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P41]
       Componential analysis in anthropology [P41]
       Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P41]
       Definition (Logic) [P41]
         Semantics (Philosophy) [P41]
           Game-theoretical semantics [P41]
           General semantics [B820] [P41]
             Epistemics [P41]
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P41]
           Liar paradox [P41]
           Meaning (Philosophy) [P41]
           Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P41]
           Montague grammar [P158.5] [P41]
           Performative (Philosophy) [P41]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P41]
           Private language problem [P41]
           Speech acts (Linguistics) [P41]
       Discourse analysis [P41]
         Cohesion (Linguistics) [P41]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [P41]
         Register (Linguistics) [P41]
           Vocal registers [P41]
         Sublanguage [P120.S9] [P41]
           Terms and phrases [P41]
             Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P41]
             Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P41]
               Erotic proverbs [P41]
               Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P41]
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P41]
       Euphemism [P41]
       Field theory (Linguistics) [P41]
       Formal languages--Semantics [P41]
       Game-theoretical semantics [P41]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P41]
       Heteronyms [P41]
       Idioms [P41]
       Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P41]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [P41]
         Presupposition (Logic) [P41]
         Proposition (Logic) [P41]
       Onomasiology [P41]
         Reference (Linguistics) [P41]
           Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P41]
           Cataphora [P41]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P41]
       Paraphrase [P41]
       Phraseology [P41]
         Idioms [P41]
       Play on words [P41]
       Polysemy [P41]
       Reference (Linguistics) [P41]
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P41]
         Cataphora [P41]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P41]
       Semantic differential technique [P41]
       Semiotics [P41]
         Semantics (Philosophy) [P41]
           Game-theoretical semantics [P41]
           General semantics [B820] [P41]
             Epistemics [P41]
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P41]
           Liar paradox [P41]
           Meaning (Philosophy) [P41]
           Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P41]
           Montague grammar [P158.5] [P41]
           Performative (Philosophy) [P41]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P41]
           Private language problem [P41]
           Speech acts (Linguistics) [P41]
       Synonyms [P41]
   Historical lexicology [P326] [P41]
     Language and languages--Etymology [P321] [P41]
       Cognate words [P41]
       Hand--Words for [P41]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P41]
       Onomastics [P41]
     Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57] [P41]
       Pejoration (Linguistics) [P41]
   Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P41]
   Linguistic change [P41]
     Glottochronology [P41]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P41]
     Neogrammarians [P75] [P41]
   Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2] [P41]
     Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P41]

Language and languages [P1-P410]

 Alien labor--Language [P1-P410]
 Antisemitism in language [P1-P410]
 Bilingualism [P1-P410]
   Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [P1-P410]
   Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P1-P410]
   Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P1-P410]
 Children, Deaf--Language [P1-P410]
 Children--Language [LB1139.L3] [P1-P410]
   Communicative competence in children [P1-P410]
   Language awareness in children [P118] [P1-P410]
   Physically handicapped children--Language [P1-P410]
   Verbal ability in children [P1-P410]
 Christian education and language [BV1464] [P1-P410]
 Christian union--Language question [P1-P410]
 Classification--Books--Language and languages [P1-P410]
 Colloquial language [P408] [P1-P410]
   Conversation [P1-P410]
   Latin language, Colloquial [P1-P410]
   Slang [P409-P410] [P1-P410]
     Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P1-P410]
 Confusion of tongues [P1-P410]
 Courts and courtiers--Language [P1-P410]
 Elocution [P1-P410]
 Executives--Language [P1-P410]
 Formal languages [QA267.3] [P1-P410]
   AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P1-P410]
   Graph grammars [P1-P410]
   L systems [P1-P410]
   PARIS (Formal language) [P1-P410]
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
   SYNTOL (Formal language) [P1-P410]
 Imaginary languages [P1-P410]
 Judgment [P1-P410]
 Language and education [P1-P410]
   Education, Bilingual [P1-P410]
     Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method [P1-P410]
   Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59] [P1-P410]
     Audio-lingual method (Language teaching) [P1-P410]
       Listening comprehension tests [P1-P410]
     Communication in foreign language education [P1-P410]
     Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44] [P1-P410]
     Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P1-P410]
     Language and languages--Ability testing [P1-P410]
       Bankson language screening test [P1-P410]
       Children--Language--Testing [P1-P410]
         Bankson language screening test [P1-P410]
         Denver Articulation Screening Exam [P1-P410]
         Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation [P1-P410]
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities [P1-P410]
         Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds [P1-P410]
         Reynell Developmental Language Scales [P1-P410]
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure [P1-P410]
         Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35] [P1-P410]
         Temple University Short Syntax Inventory [P1-P410]
       Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities [P1-P410]
       Rhode Island Test of Language Structure [P1-P410]
     Language transfer (Language learning) [P1-P410]
       Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P1-P410]
     Television in foreign language education [P1-P410]
   Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39] [P1-P410]
     Audio-lingual method (Language teaching) [P1-P410]
       Listening comprehension tests [P1-P410]
     Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method [P1-P410]
     Language camps [P1-P410]
     Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc. [P1-P410]
   Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7] [P1-P410]
   Native language--Study and teaching [P1-P410]
 Linguistic change [P1-P410]
   Glottochronology [P1-P410]
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P1-P410]
   Neogrammarians [P75] [P1-P410]
 Linguistics [P121-P141] [P1-P410]
   Analogy (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P1-P410]
   Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5] [P1-P410]
     Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P1-P410]
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P1-P410]
   Applied linguistics [P1-P410]
     Computational linguistics [P98] [P1-P410]
       Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion [P1-P410]
       COMSKEE (Computer program language) [P1-P410]
       Computer poetry [P1-P410]
       Computer prose [P1-P410]
       EPICURE (Computer system) [P1-P410]
       Lexicography--Data processing [P1-P410]
       Lexicology--Data processing [P1-P410]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
       MIND (Computer system) [P1-P410]
       Machine translating [P307-P310] [P1-P410]
         Etap-2 (Computer system) [P1-P410]
         Garni computer [P1-P410]
         Ural computer [P1-P410]
       Network grammar [P98] [P1-P410]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
       Psli3 (Computer system) [P1-P410]
       SUSY (Computer system) [P1-P410]
       SYGMART (Computer program language) [P1-P410]
       Speech processing systems [P1-P410]
         NUMAUDO (Computer program language) [P1-P410]
       Word processing--Foreign languages [P1-P410]
     Language services [P40.5.L36] [P1-P410]
       Translating services [P1-P410]
         Congresses and conventions--Translating services [P1-P410]
         International agencies--Translating services [P1-P410]
         United Nations--Translating services [P1-P410]
     Machine translating [P307-P310] [P1-P410]
       Etap-2 (Computer system) [P1-P410]
       Garni computer [P1-P410]
       Ural computer [P1-P410]
     Mathematical linguistics [P1-P410]
       Dependency grammar [P162] [P1-P410]
       Glossematics [P1-P410]
       Glottochronology [P1-P410]
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151] [P1-P410]
       IPL (Computer program language) [P1-P410]
       Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508] [P1-P410]
       Linguistics--Graphic methods [P1-P410]
       Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5] [P1-P410]
         Language and languages--Word frequency [P1-P410]
           Zipf's law [P1-P410]
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P1-P410]
       Semantics--Mathematical models [P1-P410]
   Archaisms (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6] [P1-P410]
     Languages in contact [P1-P410]
       Bilingualism [P1-P410]
         Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [P1-P410]
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P1-P410]
         Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P1-P410]
       Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895] [P1-P410]
         Arabic-Afrikaans dialect [P1-P410]
         Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [P1-P410]
           Saramaccan language [P1-P410]
         Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164] [P1-P410]
         Franco-Venetian language [P1-P410]
         Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5] [P1-P410]
         Hobson-jobson [P1-P410]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P1-P410]
         Manipravalam language (Malayalam) [P1-P410]
         Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44] [P1-P410]
         Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5] [P1-P410]
         Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P1-P410]
       Lingua francas [P1-P410]
         Filipino language [P1-P410]
         Indoubill language [P1-P410]
         Kituba language [P1-P410]
         Lingala language [PL8456] [P1-P410]
         Mobilian trade language [PM1855] [P1-P410]
         Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3] [P1-P410]
         Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895] [P1-P410]
           Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [P1-P410]
             Saramaccan language [P1-P410]
           Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3] [P1-P410]
           Pidgin Dutch [P1-P410]
           Pidgin English [PM7891] [P1-P410]
             Bislama language [PM7895.B4] [P1-P410]
             Tok Pisin language [P1-P410]
           Pidgin German [P1-P410]
         Sango language [PL8641] [P1-P410]
       Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P1-P410]
       Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P1-P410]
     Linguistic geography [P375-P381] [P1-P410]
       Language surveys [P1-P410]
   Asymmetry (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7] [P1-P410]
   Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [P1-P410]
   Biolinguistics [P41] [P1-P410]
     Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399] [P1-P410]
       Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P1-P410]
     Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P1-P410]
     Psycholinguistics [P37] [P1-P410]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P1-P410]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P1-P410]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
               Parts of speech [P1-P410]
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
       Cognitive grammar [P165] [P1-P410]
       Communicative competence [P1-P410]
       Generative grammar [P1-P410]
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P1-P410]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Lexical phonology [P1-P410]
         Lexical-functional grammar [P1-P410]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P1-P410]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P1-P410]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P1-P410]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Relational grammar [P1-P410]
           Arc pair grammar [P1-P410]
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
       Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [P1-P410]
       Language acquisition [P118] [P1-P410]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P1-P410]
         Language awareness in children [P118] [P1-P410]
         Language transfer (Language learning) [P1-P410]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P1-P410]
         Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P1-P410]
       Language awareness [P1-P410]
       Mentally handicapped--Language [P1-P410]
       Racism in language [P1-P410]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P1-P410]
       Sound symbolism [P1-P410]
       Speech errors [P1-P410]
         Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [P1-P410]
       Speech perception [P1-P410]
   Classification--Books--Linguistics [P1-P410]
   Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C] [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D] [P1-P410]
   Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [P1-P410]
   Cohesion (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55] [P1-P410]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
       Parts of speech [P1-P410]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
   Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P1-P410]
   Context (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Contrastive linguistics [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative [P1-P410]
   Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
   Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43] [P1-P410]
   Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [P1-P410]
   Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
   Economy (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P1-P410]
   Field theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Forensic linguistics [P1-P410]
   Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [P1-P410]
     Formal languages [QA267.3] [P1-P410]
       AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P1-P410]
       Graph grammars [P1-P410]
       L systems [P1-P410]
       PARIS (Formal language) [P1-P410]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
       SYNTOL (Formal language) [P1-P410]
   Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147] [P1-P410]
   Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44] [P1-P410]
   Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295] [P1-P410]
     Ambiguity [P1-P410]
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P1-P410]
     Applicative grammar [P1-P410]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P1-P410]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P1-P410]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
             Parts of speech [P1-P410]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
     Categorial grammar [P161] [P1-P410]
     Cognitive grammar [P165] [P1-P410]
     Conditionals (Logic) [P1-P410]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P1-P410]
     Generative grammar [P1-P410]
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P1-P410]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Lexical phonology [P1-P410]
       Lexical-functional grammar [P1-P410]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P1-P410]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P1-P410]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P1-P410]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Relational grammar [P1-P410]
         Arc pair grammar [P1-P410]
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
     Linguistic analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Asymmetry (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [P1-P410]
       Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37] [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
           Parts of speech [P1-P410]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
       Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64] [P1-P410]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
           Parts of speech [P1-P410]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
       Economy (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65] [P1-P410]
       Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95] [P1-P410]
       Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [P1-P410]
         Formal languages [QA267.3] [P1-P410]
           AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P1-P410]
           Graph grammars [P1-P410]
           L systems [P1-P410]
           PARIS (Formal language) [P1-P410]
           Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
             Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
           SYNTOL (Formal language) [P1-P410]
       Glossematics [P1-P410]
       Hierarchy (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Stratificational grammar [P1-P410]
       Metalanguage [P128.M48] [P1-P410]
       Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       Systemic grammar [P149] [P1-P410]
       Tagmemics [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P1-P410]
       Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94] [P1-P410]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
     Network grammar [P98] [P1-P410]
     Order (Grammar) [P299.O73] [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order [P1-P410]
         Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213] [P1-P410]
     Parenthesis (Rhetoric) [P1-P410]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
     Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Relational grammar [P1-P410]
       Arc pair grammar [P1-P410]
     Role and reference grammar [P1-P410]
     Speculative grammar [P156] [P1-P410]
     Stratificational grammar [P1-P410]
     Systemic grammar [P149] [P1-P410]
     Tagmemics [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P1-P410]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
   Graphemics [P1-P410]
     English language--Graphemics [P1-P410]
   Hesitation form (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Hierarchy (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Stratificational grammar [P1-P410]
   Historical linguistics [P140] [P1-P410]
     Comparative linguistics [P123] [P1-P410]
       Glottochronology [P1-P410]
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P1-P410]
       Nostratic hypothesis [P1-P410]
       Semantics [P325] [P1-P410]
         Ambiguity [P1-P410]
         Antonyms [P1-P410]
         Collocation (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
             Parts of speech [P1-P410]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
         Componential analysis in anthropology [P1-P410]
         Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P1-P410]
         Definition (Logic) [P1-P410]
           Semantics (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Game-theoretical semantics [P1-P410]
             General semantics [B820] [P1-P410]
               Epistemics [P1-P410]
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
             Liar paradox [P1-P410]
             Meaning (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
             Performative (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
             Private language problem [P1-P410]
             Speech acts (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Discourse analysis [P1-P410]
           Cohesion (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [P1-P410]
           Register (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
             Vocal registers [P1-P410]
           Sublanguage [P120.S9] [P1-P410]
             Terms and phrases [P1-P410]
               Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P1-P410]
               Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P1-P410]
                 Erotic proverbs [P1-P410]
                 Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P1-P410]
         Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P1-P410]
         Euphemism [P1-P410]
         Field theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Formal languages--Semantics [P1-P410]
         Game-theoretical semantics [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P1-P410]
         Heteronyms [P1-P410]
         Idioms [P1-P410]
         Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
           Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
           Presupposition (Logic) [P1-P410]
           Proposition (Logic) [P1-P410]
         Onomasiology [P1-P410]
           Reference (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P1-P410]
             Cataphora [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P1-P410]
         Paraphrase [P1-P410]
         Phraseology [P1-P410]
           Idioms [P1-P410]
         Play on words [P1-P410]
         Polysemy [P1-P410]
         Reference (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
           Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P1-P410]
           Cataphora [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P1-P410]
         Semantic differential technique [P1-P410]
         Semiotics [P1-P410]
           Semantics (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Game-theoretical semantics [P1-P410]
             General semantics [B820] [P1-P410]
               Epistemics [P1-P410]
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
             Liar paradox [P1-P410]
             Meaning (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
             Performative (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
             Private language problem [P1-P410]
             Speech acts (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Synonyms [P1-P410]
     Historical lexicology [P326] [P1-P410]
       Language and languages--Etymology [P321] [P1-P410]
         Cognate words [P1-P410]
         Hand--Words for [P1-P410]
         Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P1-P410]
         Onomastics [P1-P410]
       Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57] [P1-P410]
         Pejoration (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P1-P410]
     Linguistic change [P1-P410]
       Glottochronology [P1-P410]
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P1-P410]
       Neogrammarians [P75] [P1-P410]
     Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2] [P1-P410]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P1-P410]
   Idioms [P1-P410]
   Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P1-P410]
     Caesura in versification [P1-P410]
   Linguistic models [P1-P410]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
   Mathematical linguistics [P1-P410]
     Dependency grammar [P162] [P1-P410]
     Glossematics [P1-P410]
     Glottochronology [P1-P410]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151] [P1-P410]
     IPL (Computer program language) [P1-P410]
     Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508] [P1-P410]
     Linguistics--Graphic methods [P1-P410]
     Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5] [P1-P410]
       Language and languages--Word frequency [P1-P410]
         Zipf's law [P1-P410]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P1-P410]
     Semantics--Mathematical models [P1-P410]
   Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Modality (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Naturalness (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P1-P410]
   Neutralization (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37] [P1-P410]
   Paralinguistics [P95.5] [P1-P410]
   Parallelism (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6] [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton [P1-P410]
   Pejoration (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Phonetics [P221-P227] [P1-P410]
     Aspiration (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Assimilation (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Clicks (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       African languages--Clicks [P1-P410]
       Khoisan languages--Clicks [P1-P410]
     Consonants [P1-P410]
       Aspiration (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       Clicks (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
         African languages--Clicks [P1-P410]
         Khoisan languages--Clicks [P1-P410]
       Coronals (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       Gemination [P1-P410]
       S (The sound) [P1-P410]
     Duration (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P1-P410]
     Forensic phonetics [P1-P410]
     H (The sound) [P1-P410]
     Haplology [P1-P410]
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P1-P410]
       Whistle speech [P1-P410]
     Labiality (Phonetics) [P238] [P1-P410]
     Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions [P1-P410]
     Laryngeals (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Monophthongization [P1-P410]
     Mutation (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Palatalization [P1-P410]
     Phonemics [P1-P410]
       Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245] [P1-P410]
       Functional load (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P1-P410]
         African languages--Tone [P1-P410]
         Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P1-P410]
         Attie language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P1-P410]
         Baoulâe language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P1-P410]
         Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P1-P410]
         Dyula language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Efik language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Etsako language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Igbo language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P1-P410]
           Whistle speech [P1-P410]
         Kalenjin language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Moorâe language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Nama language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Nguni languages--Tone [P1-P410]
         Rundi language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Shona language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P1-P410]
         Venda language--Tone [P1-P410]
         Xhosa language--Tone [P1-P410]
     Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [P1-P410]
     Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Accents and accentuation [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P1-P410]
       Duration (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P1-P410]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P1-P410]
         Whistle speech [P1-P410]
       Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P1-P410]
         Caesura in versification [P1-P410]
       Language and languages--Rhythm [P1-P410]
         Caesura in versification [P1-P410]
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P1-P410]
     S (The sound) [P1-P410]
     Sonorants (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       Nasality (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P1-P410]
         Formants (Speech) [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
           Votic language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
         Shwa (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Sound symbolism [P1-P410]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P1-P410]
     Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P1-P410]
       African languages--Tone [P1-P410]
       Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P1-P410]
       Attie language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P1-P410]
       Baoulâe language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P1-P410]
       Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P1-P410]
       Dyula language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Efik language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Etsako language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Igbo language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P1-P410]
         Whistle speech [P1-P410]
       Kalenjin language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Moorâe language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Nama language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Nguni languages--Tone [P1-P410]
       Rundi language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Shona language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P1-P410]
       Venda language--Tone [P1-P410]
       Xhosa language--Tone [P1-P410]
     Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P1-P410]
       Formants (Speech) [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
         Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
         Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
         Votic language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
       Shwa (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
   Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Accents and accentuation [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P1-P410]
     Duration (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P1-P410]
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P1-P410]
       Whistle speech [P1-P410]
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P1-P410]
       Caesura in versification [P1-P410]
     Language and languages--Rhythm [P1-P410]
       Caesura in versification [P1-P410]
     Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P1-P410]
   Psycholinguistics [P37] [P1-P410]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P1-P410]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P1-P410]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
             Parts of speech [P1-P410]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
     Cognitive grammar [P165] [P1-P410]
     Communicative competence [P1-P410]
     Generative grammar [P1-P410]
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P1-P410]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Lexical phonology [P1-P410]
       Lexical-functional grammar [P1-P410]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P1-P410]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P1-P410]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P1-P410]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Relational grammar [P1-P410]
         Arc pair grammar [P1-P410]
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [P1-P410]
     Language acquisition [P118] [P1-P410]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P1-P410]
       Language awareness in children [P118] [P1-P410]
       Language transfer (Language learning) [P1-P410]
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P1-P410]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P1-P410]
     Language awareness [P1-P410]
     Mentally handicapped--Language [P1-P410]
     Racism in language [P1-P410]
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P1-P410]
     Sound symbolism [P1-P410]
     Speech errors [P1-P410]
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [P1-P410]
     Speech perception [P1-P410]
   Redundancy (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Reference (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P1-P410]
     Cataphora [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P1-P410]
   Register (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Vocal registers [P1-P410]
   Sociolinguistics [P40] [P1-P410]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [P1-P410]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics [P1-P410]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P1-P410]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P1-P410]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35] [P1-P410]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [P1-P410]
         English-only movement [P1-P410]
         International agencies--Language policy [P1-P410]
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [P1-P410]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [P1-P410] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368] [P1-P410]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354] [P1-P410]
     Language revival [P1-P410]
     Language spread [P40.5.L37] [P1-P410]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45] [P1-P410]
     Linguistic minorities [P1-P410]
     Literature and society [P1-P410]
     Racism in language [P1-P410]
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P1-P410]
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P1-P410]
   Speech acts (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Structural linguistics [P1-P410]
     Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147] [P1-P410]
     Systemic grammar [P149] [P1-P410]
   Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P1-P410]
   Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
   Typology (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Linguistic models [P1-P410]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P1-P410]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
           Parts of speech [P1-P410]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
   Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P1-P410]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
         Parts of speech [P1-P410]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
   Word (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
 Mass media and language [P1-P410]
 Mentally handicapped--Language [P1-P410]
 Metal, Words for [P1-P410]
 Mimetic words [P1-P410]
 Multilingualism [P1-P410]
 Music and language [ML3849] [P1-P410]
 Native language [P1-P410]
 Nonsexist language [P1-P410]
 Onomatopoeia [P1-P410]
 Oratory [P1-P410]
 Parapsychology and language [BF1045.L35] [P1-P410]
 Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)] [P1-P410]
 Physically handicapped children--Language [P1-P410]
 Psycholinguistics [P37] [P1-P410]
   Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P1-P410]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P1-P410]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
           Parts of speech [P1-P410]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
   Cognitive grammar [P165] [P1-P410]
   Communicative competence [P1-P410]
   Generative grammar [P1-P410]
     Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P1-P410]
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Lexical phonology [P1-P410]
     Lexical-functional grammar [P1-P410]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P1-P410]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P1-P410]
     Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P1-P410]
       Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P1-P410]
       Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P1-P410]
     Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Relational grammar [P1-P410]
       Arc pair grammar [P1-P410]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P1-P410]
   Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [P1-P410]
   Language acquisition [P118] [P1-P410]
     Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P1-P410]
     Language awareness in children [P118] [P1-P410]
     Language transfer (Language learning) [P1-P410]
       Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P1-P410]
     Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P1-P410]
   Language awareness [P1-P410]
   Mentally handicapped--Language [P1-P410]
   Racism in language [P1-P410]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P1-P410]
   Sound symbolism [P1-P410]
   Speech errors [P1-P410]
     Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [P1-P410]
   Speech perception [P1-P410]
 Racism in language [P1-P410]
 Schizophrenics--Language [P1-P410]
   Contamination (Psychology) [P1-P410]
   Schizophasia [P1-P410]
 Semantics (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
   Game-theoretical semantics [P1-P410]
   General semantics [B820] [P1-P410]
     Epistemics [P1-P410]
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
   Liar paradox [P1-P410]
   Meaning (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
   Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
   Performative (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
   Private language problem [P1-P410]
   Speech acts (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
 Semantics [P325] [P1-P410]
   Ambiguity [P1-P410]
   Antonyms [P1-P410]
   Collocation (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P1-P410]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P1-P410]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P1-P410]
       Parts of speech [P1-P410]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P1-P410]
   Componential analysis in anthropology [P1-P410]
   Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P1-P410]
   Definition (Logic) [P1-P410]
     Semantics (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Game-theoretical semantics [P1-P410]
       General semantics [B820] [P1-P410]
         Epistemics [P1-P410]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
       Liar paradox [P1-P410]
       Meaning (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
       Performative (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
       Private language problem [P1-P410]
       Speech acts (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Discourse analysis [P1-P410]
     Cohesion (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [P1-P410]
     Register (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Vocal registers [P1-P410]
     Sublanguage [P120.S9] [P1-P410]
       Terms and phrases [P1-P410]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P1-P410]
         Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P1-P410]
           Erotic proverbs [P1-P410]
           Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P1-P410]
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P1-P410]
   Euphemism [P1-P410]
   Field theory (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Formal languages--Semantics [P1-P410]
   Game-theoretical semantics [P1-P410]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P1-P410]
   Heteronyms [P1-P410]
   Idioms [P1-P410]
   Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
     Presupposition (Logic) [P1-P410]
     Proposition (Logic) [P1-P410]
   Onomasiology [P1-P410]
     Reference (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P1-P410]
       Cataphora [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P1-P410]
   Paraphrase [P1-P410]
   Phraseology [P1-P410]
     Idioms [P1-P410]
   Play on words [P1-P410]
   Polysemy [P1-P410]
   Reference (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P1-P410]
     Cataphora [P1-P410]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P1-P410]
   Semantic differential technique [P1-P410]
   Semiotics [P1-P410]
     Semantics (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Game-theoretical semantics [P1-P410]
       General semantics [B820] [P1-P410]
         Epistemics [P1-P410]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
       Liar paradox [P1-P410]
       Meaning (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P1-P410]
       Performative (Philosophy) [P1-P410]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P1-P410]
       Private language problem [P1-P410]
       Speech acts (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
   Synonyms [P1-P410]
 Shepherds--Language [P1-P410]
 Sign language [P117 (General)] [P1-P410]
   American Sign Language [P1-P410]
   Australian aborigines--Sign language [P1-P410]
   British Sign Language [P1-P410]
   Indian sign language [E98.S5] [P1-P410]
   Walbiri (Australian people)--Sign language [P1-P410]
 Sociolinguistics [P40] [P1-P410]
   Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [P1-P410]
   Interviewing in sociolinguistics [P1-P410]
   Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P1-P410]
   Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P1-P410]
   Language planning [P40.5.L35] [P1-P410]
     Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [P1-P410]
       English-only movement [P1-P410]
       International agencies--Language policy [P1-P410]
       United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [P1-P410]
     Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [P1-P410] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
     Standard language [P368] [P1-P410]
   Language purism [P40.5.L354] [P1-P410]
   Language revival [P1-P410]
   Language spread [P40.5.L37] [P1-P410]
   Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45] [P1-P410]
   Linguistic minorities [P1-P410]
   Literature and society [P1-P410]
   Racism in language [P1-P410]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P1-P410]
   Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P1-P410]
 Space and time in language [P35] [P1-P410]
 Speech [P1-P410]
   Children, Deaf--Language [P1-P410]
   Colloquial language [P408] [P1-P410]
     Conversation [P1-P410]
     Latin language, Colloquial [P1-P410]
     Slang [P409-P410] [P1-P410]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P1-P410]
   Paralinguistics [P95.5] [P1-P410]
   Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
   Speech acts (Linguistics) [P1-P410]
 Standard language [P368] [P1-P410]
 Statesmen--Language [P1-P410]
 Teachers--Language [P1-P410]
 Tramps--Language [P1-P410]
 Translating and interpreting [P1-P410]
   Court interpreting and translating [P1-P410]
   Dubbing of motion pictures [P1-P410]
   Folk poetry--Translating [P1-P410]
   Information theory in translating [P1-P410]
   Machine translating [P307-P310] [P1-P410]
     Etap-2 (Computer system) [P1-P410]
     Garni computer [P1-P410]
     Ural computer [P1-P410]
   Translating services [P1-P410]
     Congresses and conventions--Translating services [P1-P410]
     International agencies--Translating services [P1-P410]
     United Nations--Translating services [P1-P410]
 Translingua script [P1-P410]
 Voice [P1-P410]
   Nasality (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
   Sonorants (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Nasality (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
     Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P1-P410]
       Formants (Speech) [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P1-P410]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
         Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
         Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
         Votic language--Vowel harmony [P1-P410]
       Shwa (Phonetics) [P1-P410]
 Women--Language [P1-P410]
 Writing [P1-P410]
   Calligraphy [Z43-Z45] [P1-P410]
     Writing, Copperplate [P1-P410]
   Chinese language--Cursive writing [P1-P410]
   English language--Writing [P1-P410]
   Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)] [P1-P410]
     Alphabet [P1-P410]
       Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)] [P1-P410]
         Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [P1-P410]
         Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [P1-P410]
           Morse code [P1-P410]
       Arabic alphabet [PJ6123] [P1-P410]
         Aljamâia [P1-P410]
         Båa® (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
         Dad (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
         Hamzah (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [P1-P410]
         Låam (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
         òZåa® (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
       Bharati alphabet [P1-P410]
       Brahmi alphabet [PK119] [P1-P410]
       Celtiberian alphabet [P1081] [P1-P410]
       Cuneiform writing [P1-P410]
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [P1-P410]
       Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3] [P1-P410]
       Cyrillic alphabet [PG92] [P1-P410]
       Devanagari alphabet [PK119] [P1-P410]
         Type and type-founding--Devanagari type [P1-P410]
       Glagolitic alphabet [PG91] [P1-P410]
       Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632] [P1-P410]
       Inscriptions, Linear A [P1-P410]
         Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [P1-P410]
       Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [P1-P410]
       Kharosthi alphabet [PK119] [P1-P410]
       Modi alphabet [PK2361] [P1-P410]
       Ol alphabet [PL4563.1] [P1-P410]
       Pasigraphy [P1-P410]
         Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095] [P1-P410]
         INO (Artificial language) [PM8396] [P1-P410]
         Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [P1-P410]
         Neoglify (Picture language) [P1-P410]
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [P1-P410]
       Runes [P1-P410]
       Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137] [P1-P410]
     Writing--History [P1-P410]
   Japanese language--Cursive writing [P1-P410]
   Japanese language--Writing, Seal style [P1-P410]
   Korean language--Cursive writing [P1-P410]
   Language and languages--Orthography and spelling [P1-P410]
     Diacritics [P1-P410]
     Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [P1-P410]
     Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)] [P1-P410]
     Spelling errors [P1-P410]
   Paleography [Z105-Z115.5] [P1-P410]
     Abbreviations [P1-P410]
     Bark inscriptions [P1-P410]
     Bone carving [P1-P410]
     Copyists [P1-P410]
     Cuneiform writing [P1-P410]
       Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [P1-P410]
     Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)] [P1-P410]
       Alphabet [P1-P410]
         Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)] [P1-P410]
           Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [P1-P410]
           Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [P1-P410]
             Morse code [P1-P410]
         Arabic alphabet [PJ6123] [P1-P410]
           Aljamâia [P1-P410]
           Båa® (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
           Dad (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
           Hamzah (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [P1-P410]
           Låam (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
           òZåa® (The Arabic letter) [P1-P410]
         Bharati alphabet [P1-P410]
         Brahmi alphabet [PK119] [P1-P410]
         Celtiberian alphabet [P1081] [P1-P410]
         Cuneiform writing [P1-P410]
           Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [P1-P410]
         Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3] [P1-P410]
         Cyrillic alphabet [PG92] [P1-P410]
         Devanagari alphabet [PK119] [P1-P410]
           Type and type-founding--Devanagari type [P1-P410]
         Glagolitic alphabet [PG91] [P1-P410]
         Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632] [P1-P410]
         Inscriptions, Linear A [P1-P410]
           Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [P1-P410]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [P1-P410]
         Kharosthi alphabet [PK119] [P1-P410]
         Modi alphabet [PK2361] [P1-P410]
         Ol alphabet [PL4563.1] [P1-P410]
         Pasigraphy [P1-P410]
           Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095] [P1-P410]
           INO (Artificial language) [PM8396] [P1-P410]
           Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [P1-P410]
           Neoglify (Picture language) [P1-P410]
         Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [P1-P410]
         Runes [P1-P410]
         Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137] [P1-P410]
       Writing--History [P1-P410]
     Manuscripts (Papyri) [P1-P410]
       Coptic language--Papyri [P1-P410]
       Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921] [P1-P410]
     Ostraka [P1-P410]
     Paleographers [P1-P410]
     Palm-leaf inscriptions [P1-P410]
     Runes [P1-P410]
     Scriptoria [P1-P410]
     Signatures (Writing) [P1-P410]
     Stichometry [P1-P410]
     Tironian notes [P1-P410]
     Writing, Humanistic [P1-P410]
     Writing, Minuscule [P1-P410]
     Writing, Uncial [P1-P410]
   Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350] [P1-P410]
 Written communication [P1-P410]
   Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126] [P1-P410]
   English language--Written English [P1-P410]
   German language--Written German [P1-P410]
   Italian language--Written Italian [P1-P410]
   Low German language--Written Low German [P1-P410]
   Navajo language--Written Navajo [P1-P410]
   Portuguese language--Written Portuguese [P1-P410]
   Spanish language--Written Spanish [P1-P410]
   Tamil language--Written Tamil [P1-P410]

Language and languages--Ability testing

 Bankson language screening test
 Children--Language--Testing
   Bankson language screening test
   Denver Articulation Screening Exam
   Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
   Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
   Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
   Reynell Developmental Language Scales
   Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
   Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
   Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
 Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
 Rhode Island Test of Language Structure

Language and languages--Classification [P203]

 Nostratic hypothesis [P203]
 Typology (Linguistics) [P203]
   Linguistic models [P203]
   Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P203]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P203]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P203]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P203]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P203]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P203]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P203]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P203]
         Parts of speech [P203]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P203]

Language and languages--Dictionaries

 Dictionaries, Polyglot [PB331 (Modern languages)]
   Language and languages--Glossaries, vocabularies, etc. [P331-P347]

Language and languages--Etymology [P321]

 Cognate words [P321]
 Hand--Words for [P321]
 Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P321]
 Onomastics [P321]

Language and languages--Foreign elements

 Calques [P324]
 Language and languages--Foreign words and phrases

Language and languages--Orthography and spelling

 Diacritics
 Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
 Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
 Spelling errors

Language and languages--Philosophy [P101-P120]

 Analysis (Philosophy) [P101-P120]
   Linguistic analysis (Linguistics) [P101-P120]
     Asymmetry (Linguistics) [P101-P120]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [P101-P120]
     Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37] [P101-P120]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P101-P120]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P101-P120]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P101-P120]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P101-P120]
         Parts of speech [P101-P120]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P101-P120]
     Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64] [P101-P120]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P101-P120]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P101-P120]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P101-P120]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P101-P120]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P101-P120]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P101-P120]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P101-P120]
         Parts of speech [P101-P120]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P101-P120]
     Economy (Linguistics) [P101-P120]
     Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65] [P101-P120]
     Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95] [P101-P120]
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [P101-P120]
       Formal languages [QA267.3] [P101-P120]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P101-P120]
         Graph grammars [P101-P120]
         L systems [P101-P120]
         PARIS (Formal language) [P101-P120]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P101-P120]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P101-P120]
         SYNTOL (Formal language) [P101-P120]
     Glossematics [P101-P120]
     Hierarchy (Linguistics) [P101-P120]
       Stratificational grammar [P101-P120]
     Metalanguage [P128.M48] [P101-P120]
     Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P101-P120]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P101-P120]
     Systemic grammar [P149] [P101-P120]
     Tagmemics [P101-P120]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P101-P120]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P101-P120]
     Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94] [P101-P120]
   Ordinary-language philosophy [B828.36] [P101-P120]
 Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P101-P120]
   Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P101-P120]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P101-P120]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P101-P120]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P101-P120]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P101-P120]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P101-P120]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P101-P120]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P101-P120]
         Parts of speech [P101-P120]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P101-P120]
 Ineffable, The [P101-P120]
 Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P101-P120]
   Montague grammar [P158.5] [P101-P120]
   Presupposition (Logic) [P101-P120]
   Proposition (Logic) [P101-P120]
 Ordinary-language philosophy [B828.36] [P101-P120]
 Performative (Philosophy) [P101-P120]
 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P101-P120]
 Private language problem [P101-P120]
 Speech acts (Linguistics) [P101-P120]

Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]

 Neurolinguistics [QP399] [QP399]

Language and languages--Political aspects [P119.3-P119.32]

 Diplomacy--Language [JX1677] [P119.3-P119.32]
 Linguistic minorities [P119.3-P119.32]
 Treaties--Language [P119.3-P119.32]

Language and languages--Religious aspects

 Liturgical language [BX1970 (Catholic)]
   Sexism in liturgical language

Language and languages--Religious aspects--Christianity

 Language question in the church
   Bible--Versions
   Christian union--Language question
   Latin language--Church Latin

Language and languages--Rhythm

 Caesura in versification

Language and languages--Sex differences [P120.S48]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Gender [P271] [P120.S48]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Agreement [P120.S48]
 Women--Language [P120.S48]

Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]

 Audio-lingual method (Language teaching) [P51-P59]
   Listening comprehension tests [P51-P59]
 Communication in foreign language education [P51-P59]
 Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44] [P51-P59]
 Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P51-P59]
 Language and languages--Ability testing [P51-P59]
   Bankson language screening test [P51-P59]
   Children--Language--Testing [P51-P59]
     Bankson language screening test [P51-P59]
     Denver Articulation Screening Exam [P51-P59]
     Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation [P51-P59]
     Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities [P51-P59]
     Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds [P51-P59]
     Reynell Developmental Language Scales [P51-P59]
     Rhode Island Test of Language Structure [P51-P59]
     Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35] [P51-P59]
     Temple University Short Syntax Inventory [P51-P59]
   Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities [P51-P59]
   Rhode Island Test of Language Structure [P51-P59]
 Language transfer (Language learning) [P51-P59]
   Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P51-P59]
 Television in foreign language education [P51-P59]

Language and languages--Style [P301]

 Foregrounding [P301]
 Idioms [P301]
 Parallelism (Linguistics) [P301]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6] [P301]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton [P301]

Language and languages--Variation

 Register (Linguistics)
   Vocal registers
 Sublanguage [P120.S9]
   Terms and phrases
     Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
     Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
       Erotic proverbs
       Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
 Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]

Language and languages--Word frequency

 Zipf's law

Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]

 Montague grammar [P158.5] [P39 (Linguistics)]
 Presupposition (Logic) [P39 (Linguistics)]
 Proposition (Logic) [P39 (Linguistics)]

Language arts [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]

 Composition (Language arts) [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
 Literature--Study and teaching [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
 Penmanship [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
   Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)] [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
     Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
     Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
       Morse code [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
   Calligraphy [Z43-Z45] [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
     Writing, Copperplate [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]
 Reading [LB1631-LB1632 (Secondary education)]

Language arts--Correlation with content subjects

 Content area reading

Language disorders [RC423-RC428.5]

 Agraphia [RC423-RC428.5]
 Aphasia [RC423-RC428.5]
 Dyslexia [RC423-RC428.5]
 Schizophasia [RC423-RC428.5]

Language disorders in children [RJ496.L35]

 Aphasic children [RJ496.L35]

Language disorders in children--Diagnosis

 Reynell Developmental Language Scales
 Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
 Temple University Short Syntax Inventory

Language experience approach in education

 Reading (Elementary)--Language experience approach [LB1573.33]
 Reading (Preschool)--Language experience approach [LB1181.33]
 Reading (Primary)--Language experience approach [LB1525.34]
 Reading (Secondary)--Language experience approach
 Reading--Language experience approach [LB1573.33-LB1573.37 (Elementary)]

Language planning [P40.5.L35]

 Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [P40.5.L35]
   English-only movement [P40.5.L35]
   International agencies--Language policy [P40.5.L35]
   United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [P40.5.L35]
 Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [P40.5.L35] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
 Standard language [P368] [P40.5.L35]

Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]

 English-only movement [P119.3-P119.32]
 International agencies--Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
 United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [P119.3-P119.32]

Language question in the church

 Bible--Versions
 Christian union--Language question
 Latin language--Church Latin

Language services [P40.5.L36]

 Translating services [P40.5.L36]
   Congresses and conventions--Translating services [P40.5.L36]
   International agencies--Translating services [P40.5.L36]
   United Nations--Translating services [P40.5.L36]

Language teachers

 Arabic teachers
 Danish teachers
 English teachers
 French teachers
 German teachers
 Greek teachers
 Irish teachers
 Japanese teachers
 Latin teachers
 Polish teachers
 Russian teachers
 Spanish teachers

Language transfer (Language learning)

 Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]

Language, Universal [PM8008]

 Diplomacy--Language [JX1677] [PM8008]
 Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [PM8008]
 Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [PM8008] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
 Lingua italiana infinitiva [PM8008]
 Neoglify (Picture language) [PM8008]
 Pasigraphy [PM8008]
   Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095] [PM8008]
   INO (Artificial language) [PM8396] [PM8008]
   Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [PM8008]
   Neoglify (Picture language) [PM8008]
 Translingua script [PM8008]

Languages in contact

 Bilingualism
   Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
   Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
   Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
 Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895]
   Arabic-Afrikaans dialect
   Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
     Saramaccan language
   Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164]
   Franco-Venetian language
   Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5]
   Hobson-jobson
   Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
   Manipravalam language (Malayalam)
   Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44]
   Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5]
   Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
 Lingua francas
   Filipino language
   Indoubill language
   Kituba language
   Lingala language [PL8456]
   Mobilian trade language [PM1855]
   Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3]
   Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895]
     Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
       Saramaccan language
     Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3]
     Pidgin Dutch
     Pidgin English [PM7891]
       Bislama language [PM7895.B4]
       Tok Pisin language
     Pidgin German
   Sango language [PL8641]
 Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
 Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]

===Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021]=== (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)

Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895]

 Arabic-Afrikaans dialect [PM7801-PM7895]
 Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [PM7801-PM7895]
   Saramaccan language [PM7801-PM7895]
 Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164] [PM7801-PM7895]
 Franco-Venetian language [PM7801-PM7895]
 Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5] [PM7801-PM7895]
 Hobson-jobson [PM7801-PM7895]
 Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [PM7801-PM7895]
 Manipravalam language (Malayalam) [PM7801-PM7895]
 Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44] [PM7801-PM7895]
 Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5] [PM7801-PM7895]
 Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [PM7801-PM7895]

Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]

 Audio-lingual method (Language teaching) [PB35-PB39]
   Listening comprehension tests [PB35-PB39]
 Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method [PB35-PB39]
 Language camps [PB35-PB39]
 Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc. [PB35-PB39]

Languages, Secret [PM9001-PM9021]

 Enochian language [PM9021.E55] [PM9001-PM9021]
 Jéo (Secret language) [PM9001-PM9021]
 Pig Latin [PM9001-PM9021]
 Shelta [PM9001-PM9021]

Langue d'oc

 Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B]
 Gascon dialect [PC3421-PC3428]
   Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B]

Latin language, Medieval and modern--Grammar

 Speculative grammar [P156]

Latin language, Medieval and modern--History

 Questione della lingua

Latin language, Vulgar [PA2600-PA2748]

 Romance languages [PC] [PA2600-PA2748]
   Galician language [PC5411-PC5414] [PA2600-PA2748]
   Langue d'oc [PA2600-PA2748]
     Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B] [PA2600-PA2748]
     Gascon dialect [PC3421-PC3428] [PA2600-PA2748]
       Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B] [PA2600-PA2748]
   Sardinian language [PC1981-PC1984] [PA2600-PA2748]

Latin language, Vulgar--Etymology

 Paxåone (The Latin word)

Latin philology

 Inscriptions, Latin
   Fasti consulares

Law

 Semantics (Law)

Law--Language

 Administrative regulation drafting
 Canon law--Language
 Jewish law--Language
 Roman law--Language
   Addicere (The word)
   Auctoritas (The word)

Law--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for lawyers)
 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for police)

Lawyers

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for lawyers)

Lettering

 Architectural inscriptions [NA4050.I5]

Lexicography

 Encyclopedias and dictionaries--History and criticism
 Library science--Lexicography
 Mathematics--Lexicography
 Toponymy
 Translating and interpreting--Lexicography

Lexicology

 Calques [P324]
 Glottochronology
   Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
 Hapax legomenon
 Heteronyms
 Historical lexicology [P326]
   Language and languages--Etymology [P321]
     Cognate words
     Hand--Words for
     Linguistic paleontology [P35]
     Onomastics
   Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]
     Pejoration (Linguistics)
 Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
 Semantics [P325]
   Ambiguity
   Antonyms
   Collocation (Linguistics)
   Componential analysis (Linguistics)
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
       Parts of speech
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
   Componential analysis in anthropology
   Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
   Definition (Logic)
     Semantics (Philosophy)
       Game-theoretical semantics
       General semantics [B820]
         Epistemics
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Liar paradox
       Meaning (Philosophy)
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Performative (Philosophy)
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Private language problem
       Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Discourse analysis
     Cohesion (Linguistics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
     Register (Linguistics)
       Vocal registers
     Sublanguage [P120.S9]
       Terms and phrases
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
         Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
           Erotic proverbs
           Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
   Euphemism
   Field theory (Linguistics)
   Formal languages--Semantics
   Game-theoretical semantics
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
   Heteronyms
   Idioms
   Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Presupposition (Logic)
     Proposition (Logic)
   Onomasiology
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
   Paraphrase
   Phraseology
     Idioms
   Play on words
   Polysemy
   Reference (Linguistics)
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
     Cataphora
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
   Semantic differential technique
   Semiotics
     Semantics (Philosophy)
       Game-theoretical semantics
       General semantics [B820]
         Epistemics
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Liar paradox
       Meaning (Philosophy)
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Performative (Philosophy)
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
       Private language problem
       Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Synonyms
 Vocabulary
   English language--Word frequency
   Language and languages--Word frequency
     Zipf's law

Library employees

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for library employees)

Library science--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for library employees)

Lingua francas

 Filipino language
 Indoubill language
 Kituba language
 Lingala language [PL8456]
 Mobilian trade language [PM1855]
 Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3]
 Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895]
   Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
     Saramaccan language
   Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3]
   Pidgin Dutch
   Pidgin English [PM7891]
     Bislama language [PM7895.B4]
     Tok Pisin language
   Pidgin German
 Sango language [PL8641]

Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)

 Asymmetry (Linguistics)
 Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
 Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
     Parts of speech
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
 Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
 Componential analysis (Linguistics)
   Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
     Parts of speech
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
 Economy (Linguistics)
 Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
 Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
 Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
   Formal languages [QA267.3]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
     Graph grammars
     L systems
     PARIS (Formal language)
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     SYNTOL (Formal language)
 Glossematics
 Hierarchy (Linguistics)
   Stratificational grammar
 Metalanguage [P128.M48]
 Minimal pair (Linguistics)
 Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
 Systemic grammar [P149]
 Tagmemics
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
 Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]

Linguistic change

 Glottochronology
   Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
 Neogrammarians [P75]

Linguistic geography [P375-P381]

 Language surveys [P375-P381]

Linguistics [P121-P141]

 Analogy (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P121-P141]
 Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5] [P121-P141]
   Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P121-P141]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P121-P141]
 Applied linguistics [P121-P141]
   Computational linguistics [P98] [P121-P141]
     Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion [P121-P141]
     COMSKEE (Computer program language) [P121-P141]
     Computer poetry [P121-P141]
     Computer prose [P121-P141]
     EPICURE (Computer system) [P121-P141]
     Lexicography--Data processing [P121-P141]
     Lexicology--Data processing [P121-P141]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
     MIND (Computer system) [P121-P141]
     Machine translating [P307-P310] [P121-P141]
       Etap-2 (Computer system) [P121-P141]
       Garni computer [P121-P141]
       Ural computer [P121-P141]
     Network grammar [P98] [P121-P141]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P121-P141]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
     Psli3 (Computer system) [P121-P141]
     SUSY (Computer system) [P121-P141]
     SYGMART (Computer program language) [P121-P141]
     Speech processing systems [P121-P141]
       NUMAUDO (Computer program language) [P121-P141]
     Word processing--Foreign languages [P121-P141]
   Language services [P40.5.L36] [P121-P141]
     Translating services [P121-P141]
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services [P121-P141]
       International agencies--Translating services [P121-P141]
       United Nations--Translating services [P121-P141]
   Machine translating [P307-P310] [P121-P141]
     Etap-2 (Computer system) [P121-P141]
     Garni computer [P121-P141]
     Ural computer [P121-P141]
   Mathematical linguistics [P121-P141]
     Dependency grammar [P162] [P121-P141]
     Glossematics [P121-P141]
     Glottochronology [P121-P141]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151] [P121-P141]
     IPL (Computer program language) [P121-P141]
     Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508] [P121-P141]
     Linguistics--Graphic methods [P121-P141]
     Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5] [P121-P141]
       Language and languages--Word frequency [P121-P141]
         Zipf's law [P121-P141]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P121-P141]
     Semantics--Mathematical models [P121-P141]
 Archaisms (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6] [P121-P141]
   Languages in contact [P121-P141]
     Bilingualism [P121-P141]
       Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [P121-P141]
       Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P121-P141]
       Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P121-P141]
     Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895] [P121-P141]
       Arabic-Afrikaans dialect [P121-P141]
       Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [P121-P141]
         Saramaccan language [P121-P141]
       Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164] [P121-P141]
       Franco-Venetian language [P121-P141]
       Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5] [P121-P141]
       Hobson-jobson [P121-P141]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P121-P141]
       Manipravalam language (Malayalam) [P121-P141]
       Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44] [P121-P141]
       Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5] [P121-P141]
       Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P121-P141]
     Lingua francas [P121-P141]
       Filipino language [P121-P141]
       Indoubill language [P121-P141]
       Kituba language [P121-P141]
       Lingala language [PL8456] [P121-P141]
       Mobilian trade language [PM1855] [P121-P141]
       Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3] [P121-P141]
       Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895] [P121-P141]
         Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [P121-P141]
           Saramaccan language [P121-P141]
         Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3] [P121-P141]
         Pidgin Dutch [P121-P141]
         Pidgin English [PM7891] [P121-P141]
           Bislama language [PM7895.B4] [P121-P141]
           Tok Pisin language [P121-P141]
         Pidgin German [P121-P141]
       Sango language [PL8641] [P121-P141]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P121-P141]
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P121-P141]
   Linguistic geography [P375-P381] [P121-P141]
     Language surveys [P121-P141]
 Asymmetry (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7] [P121-P141]
 Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [P121-P141]
 Biolinguistics [P41] [P121-P141]
   Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399] [P121-P141]
     Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P121-P141]
   Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P121-P141]
   Psycholinguistics [P37] [P121-P141]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P121-P141]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P121-P141]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
             Parts of speech [P121-P141]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
     Cognitive grammar [P165] [P121-P141]
     Communicative competence [P121-P141]
     Generative grammar [P121-P141]
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P121-P141]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Lexical phonology [P121-P141]
       Lexical-functional grammar [P121-P141]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [P121-P141]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P121-P141]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P121-P141]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P121-P141]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P121-P141]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Relational grammar [P121-P141]
         Arc pair grammar [P121-P141]
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [P121-P141]
     Language acquisition [P118] [P121-P141]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P121-P141]
       Language awareness in children [P118] [P121-P141]
       Language transfer (Language learning) [P121-P141]
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P121-P141]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P121-P141]
     Language awareness [P121-P141]
     Mentally handicapped--Language [P121-P141]
     Racism in language [P121-P141]
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P121-P141]
     Sound symbolism [P121-P141]
     Speech errors [P121-P141]
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [P121-P141]
     Speech perception [P121-P141]
 Classification--Books--Linguistics [P121-P141]
 Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C] [P121-P141]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D] [P121-P141]
 Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [P121-P141]
 Cohesion (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55] [P121-P141]
 Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
     Parts of speech [P121-P141]
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
 Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P121-P141]
 Context (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Contrastive linguistics [P121-P141]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative [P121-P141]
 Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
 Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43] [P121-P141]
 Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [P121-P141]
 Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
 Economy (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P121-P141]
 Field theory (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Forensic linguistics [P121-P141]
 Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [P121-P141]
   Formal languages [QA267.3] [P121-P141]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P121-P141]
     Graph grammars [P121-P141]
     L systems [P121-P141]
     PARIS (Formal language) [P121-P141]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P121-P141]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
     SYNTOL (Formal language) [P121-P141]
 Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147] [P121-P141]
 Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44] [P121-P141]
 Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295] [P121-P141]
   Ambiguity [P121-P141]
   Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P121-P141]
   Applicative grammar [P121-P141]
   Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P121-P141]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P121-P141]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
           Parts of speech [P121-P141]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
   Categorial grammar [P161] [P121-P141]
   Cognitive grammar [P165] [P121-P141]
   Conditionals (Logic) [P121-P141]
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P121-P141]
   Generative grammar [P121-P141]
     Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P121-P141]
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Lexical phonology [P121-P141]
     Lexical-functional grammar [P121-P141]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P121-P141]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P121-P141]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
     Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P121-P141]
       Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P121-P141]
       Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P121-P141]
     Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Relational grammar [P121-P141]
       Arc pair grammar [P121-P141]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
   Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
   Linguistic analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Asymmetry (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [P121-P141]
     Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37] [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
         Parts of speech [P121-P141]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
     Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64] [P121-P141]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
         Parts of speech [P121-P141]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
     Economy (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65] [P121-P141]
     Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95] [P121-P141]
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [P121-P141]
       Formal languages [QA267.3] [P121-P141]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [P121-P141]
         Graph grammars [P121-P141]
         L systems [P121-P141]
         PARIS (Formal language) [P121-P141]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P121-P141]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
         SYNTOL (Formal language) [P121-P141]
     Glossematics [P121-P141]
     Hierarchy (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Stratificational grammar [P121-P141]
     Metalanguage [P128.M48] [P121-P141]
     Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     Systemic grammar [P149] [P121-P141]
     Tagmemics [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P121-P141]
     Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94] [P121-P141]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
   Network grammar [P98] [P121-P141]
   Order (Grammar) [P299.O73] [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order [P121-P141]
       Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213] [P121-P141]
   Parenthesis (Rhetoric) [P121-P141]
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P121-P141]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
   Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Relational grammar [P121-P141]
     Arc pair grammar [P121-P141]
   Role and reference grammar [P121-P141]
   Speculative grammar [P156] [P121-P141]
   Stratificational grammar [P121-P141]
   Systemic grammar [P149] [P121-P141]
   Tagmemics [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P121-P141]
   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
 Graphemics [P121-P141]
   English language--Graphemics [P121-P141]
 Hesitation form (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Hierarchy (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Stratificational grammar [P121-P141]
 Historical linguistics [P140] [P121-P141]
   Comparative linguistics [P123] [P121-P141]
     Glottochronology [P121-P141]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P121-P141]
     Nostratic hypothesis [P121-P141]
     Semantics [P325] [P121-P141]
       Ambiguity [P121-P141]
       Antonyms [P121-P141]
       Collocation (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
           Parts of speech [P121-P141]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
       Componential analysis in anthropology [P121-P141]
       Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P121-P141]
       Definition (Logic) [P121-P141]
         Semantics (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Game-theoretical semantics [P121-P141]
           General semantics [B820] [P121-P141]
             Epistemics [P121-P141]
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P121-P141]
           Liar paradox [P121-P141]
           Meaning (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Montague grammar [P158.5] [P121-P141]
           Performative (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P121-P141]
           Private language problem [P121-P141]
           Speech acts (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Discourse analysis [P121-P141]
         Cohesion (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [P121-P141]
         Register (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
           Vocal registers [P121-P141]
         Sublanguage [P120.S9] [P121-P141]
           Terms and phrases [P121-P141]
             Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P121-P141]
             Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P121-P141]
               Erotic proverbs [P121-P141]
               Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P121-P141]
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P121-P141]
       Euphemism [P121-P141]
       Field theory (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Formal languages--Semantics [P121-P141]
       Game-theoretical semantics [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P121-P141]
       Heteronyms [P121-P141]
       Idioms [P121-P141]
       Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P121-P141]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [P121-P141]
         Presupposition (Logic) [P121-P141]
         Proposition (Logic) [P121-P141]
       Onomasiology [P121-P141]
         Reference (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
           Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P121-P141]
           Cataphora [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P121-P141]
       Paraphrase [P121-P141]
       Phraseology [P121-P141]
         Idioms [P121-P141]
       Play on words [P121-P141]
       Polysemy [P121-P141]
       Reference (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P121-P141]
         Cataphora [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P121-P141]
       Semantic differential technique [P121-P141]
       Semiotics [P121-P141]
         Semantics (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Game-theoretical semantics [P121-P141]
           General semantics [B820] [P121-P141]
             Epistemics [P121-P141]
             Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P121-P141]
           Liar paradox [P121-P141]
           Meaning (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Montague grammar [P158.5] [P121-P141]
           Performative (Philosophy) [P121-P141]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P121-P141]
           Private language problem [P121-P141]
           Speech acts (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Synonyms [P121-P141]
   Historical lexicology [P326] [P121-P141]
     Language and languages--Etymology [P321] [P121-P141]
       Cognate words [P121-P141]
       Hand--Words for [P121-P141]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P121-P141]
       Onomastics [P121-P141]
     Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57] [P121-P141]
       Pejoration (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P121-P141]
   Linguistic change [P121-P141]
     Glottochronology [P121-P141]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P121-P141]
     Neogrammarians [P75] [P121-P141]
   Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2] [P121-P141]
     Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P121-P141]
 Idioms [P121-P141]
 Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P121-P141]
   Caesura in versification [P121-P141]
 Linguistic models [P121-P141]
 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
 Mathematical linguistics [P121-P141]
   Dependency grammar [P162] [P121-P141]
   Glossematics [P121-P141]
   Glottochronology [P121-P141]
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P121-P141]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151] [P121-P141]
   IPL (Computer program language) [P121-P141]
   Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508] [P121-P141]
   Linguistics--Graphic methods [P121-P141]
   Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5] [P121-P141]
     Language and languages--Word frequency [P121-P141]
       Zipf's law [P121-P141]
     Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P121-P141]
   Semantics--Mathematical models [P121-P141]
 Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Modality (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Naturalness (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Neurolinguistics [QP399] [P121-P141]
 Neutralization (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37] [P121-P141]
 Paralinguistics [P95.5] [P121-P141]
 Parallelism (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6] [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton [P121-P141]
 Pejoration (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Phonetics [P221-P227] [P121-P141]
   Aspiration (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
   Assimilation (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
   Clicks (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     African languages--Clicks [P121-P141]
     Khoisan languages--Clicks [P121-P141]
   Consonants [P121-P141]
     Aspiration (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     Clicks (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
       African languages--Clicks [P121-P141]
       Khoisan languages--Clicks [P121-P141]
     Coronals (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     Gemination [P121-P141]
     S (The sound) [P121-P141]
   Duration (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P121-P141]
   Forensic phonetics [P121-P141]
   H (The sound) [P121-P141]
   Haplology [P121-P141]
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P121-P141]
     Whistle speech [P121-P141]
   Labiality (Phonetics) [P238] [P121-P141]
   Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions [P121-P141]
   Laryngeals (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
   Monophthongization [P121-P141]
   Mutation (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
   Palatalization [P121-P141]
   Phonemics [P121-P141]
     Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245] [P121-P141]
     Functional load (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P121-P141]
       African languages--Tone [P121-P141]
       Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P121-P141]
       Attie language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P121-P141]
       Baoulâe language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P121-P141]
       Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P121-P141]
       Dyula language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Efik language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Etsako language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Igbo language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P121-P141]
         Whistle speech [P121-P141]
       Kalenjin language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Moorâe language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Nama language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Nguni languages--Tone [P121-P141]
       Rundi language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Shona language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P121-P141]
       Venda language--Tone [P121-P141]
       Xhosa language--Tone [P121-P141]
   Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [P121-P141]
   Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Accents and accentuation [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P121-P141]
     Duration (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P121-P141]
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P121-P141]
       Whistle speech [P121-P141]
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P121-P141]
       Caesura in versification [P121-P141]
     Language and languages--Rhythm [P121-P141]
       Caesura in versification [P121-P141]
     Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P121-P141]
   S (The sound) [P121-P141]
   Sonorants (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     Nasality (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P121-P141]
       Formants (Speech) [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
         Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
         Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
         Votic language--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
       Shwa (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
   Sound symbolism [P121-P141]
   Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
   Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P121-P141]
   Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P121-P141]
     African languages--Tone [P121-P141]
     Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P121-P141]
     Attie language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P121-P141]
     Baoulâe language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P121-P141]
     Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P121-P141]
     Dyula language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Efik language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Etsako language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Igbo language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P121-P141]
       Whistle speech [P121-P141]
     Kalenjin language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Moorâe language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Nama language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Nguni languages--Tone [P121-P141]
     Rundi language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Shona language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P121-P141]
     Venda language--Tone [P121-P141]
     Xhosa language--Tone [P121-P141]
   Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P121-P141]
     Formants (Speech) [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
       Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
       Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
       Votic language--Vowel harmony [P121-P141]
     Shwa (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
 Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Accents and accentuation [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P121-P141]
   Duration (Phonetics) [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P121-P141]
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P121-P141]
     Whistle speech [P121-P141]
   Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P121-P141]
     Caesura in versification [P121-P141]
   Language and languages--Rhythm [P121-P141]
     Caesura in versification [P121-P141]
   Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P121-P141]
 Psycholinguistics [P37] [P121-P141]
   Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P121-P141]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P121-P141]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
           Parts of speech [P121-P141]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
   Cognitive grammar [P165] [P121-P141]
   Communicative competence [P121-P141]
   Generative grammar [P121-P141]
     Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P121-P141]
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Lexical phonology [P121-P141]
     Lexical-functional grammar [P121-P141]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P121-P141]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P121-P141]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P121-P141]
     Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P121-P141]
       Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P121-P141]
       Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P121-P141]
     Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Relational grammar [P121-P141]
       Arc pair grammar [P121-P141]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
   Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [P121-P141]
   Language acquisition [P118] [P121-P141]
     Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P121-P141]
     Language awareness in children [P118] [P121-P141]
     Language transfer (Language learning) [P121-P141]
       Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P121-P141]
     Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P121-P141]
   Language awareness [P121-P141]
   Mentally handicapped--Language [P121-P141]
   Racism in language [P121-P141]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P121-P141]
   Sound symbolism [P121-P141]
   Speech errors [P121-P141]
     Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [P121-P141]
   Speech perception [P121-P141]
 Redundancy (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Reference (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P121-P141]
   Cataphora [P121-P141]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P121-P141]
 Register (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Vocal registers [P121-P141]
 Sociolinguistics [P40] [P121-P141]
   Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [P121-P141]
   Interviewing in sociolinguistics [P121-P141]
   Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P121-P141]
   Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P121-P141]
   Language planning [P40.5.L35] [P121-P141]
     Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [P121-P141]
       English-only movement [P121-P141]
       International agencies--Language policy [P121-P141]
       United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [P121-P141]
     Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [P121-P141] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
     Standard language [P368] [P121-P141]
   Language purism [P40.5.L354] [P121-P141]
   Language revival [P121-P141]
   Language spread [P40.5.L37] [P121-P141]
   Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45] [P121-P141]
   Linguistic minorities [P121-P141]
   Literature and society [P121-P141]
   Racism in language [P121-P141]
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P121-P141]
   Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P121-P141]
 Speech acts (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
 Structural linguistics [P121-P141]
   Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147] [P121-P141]
   Systemic grammar [P149] [P121-P141]
 Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [P121-P141]
 Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P121-P141]
 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
 Typology (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
   Linguistic models [P121-P141]
   Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P121-P141]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
         Parts of speech [P121-P141]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
 Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P121-P141]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P121-P141]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P121-P141]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P121-P141]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P121-P141]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P121-P141]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P121-P141]
       Parts of speech [P121-P141]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P121-P141]
 Word (Linguistics) [P121-P141]

Linguistics, Experimental [P128.E94]

 Phonetics, Experimental [P128.E94]

Linguistics--Awards--France

 Prix Volney

Linguistics--History--19th century

 Neogrammarians [P75]

Linguistics--Methodology

 Linguistic informants

Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]

 Language and languages--Word frequency [P138.5]
   Zipf's law [P138.5]
 Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [P138.5]

Linguists [P83-P85]

 Lexicographers [P83-P85]
 Translators [P83-P85]
   Interpreters for the deaf [P83-P85]
   Translating and interpreting [P83-P85]
     Court interpreting and translating [P83-P85]
     Dubbing of motion pictures [P83-P85]
     Folk poetry--Translating [P83-P85]
     Information theory in translating [P83-P85]
     Machine translating [P307-P310] [P83-P85]
       Etap-2 (Computer system) [P83-P85]
       Garni computer [P83-P85]
       Ural computer [P83-P85]
     Translating services [P83-P85]
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services [P83-P85]
       International agencies--Translating services [P83-P85]
       United Nations--Translating services [P83-P85]
   Women translators [P83-P85]

Lips

 Labiality (Phonetics) [P238]

Literature

 Dialect literature
   Dialect poetry
 Linguists' writings

Liturgical language [BX1970 (Catholic)]

 Sexism in liturgical language [BX1970 (Catholic)]

Liturgics

 Liturgical language [BX1970 (Catholic)]
   Sexism in liturgical language

Lobi dialects

 Dyan dialect

Logic

 Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Presupposition (Logic)
   Proposition (Logic)

Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

 Infinitary languages
 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
 Semantics (Philosophy)
   Game-theoretical semantics
   General semantics [B820]
     Epistemics
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Liar paradox
   Meaning (Philosophy)
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Performative (Philosophy)
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Private language problem
   Speech acts (Linguistics)

Logical positivism

 Private language problem
 Semantics (Philosophy)
   Game-theoretical semantics
   General semantics [B820]
     Epistemics
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Liar paradox
   Meaning (Philosophy)
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Performative (Philosophy)
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Private language problem
   Speech acts (Linguistics)

Machine theory

 Formal languages [QA267.3]
   AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
   Graph grammars
   L systems
   PARIS (Formal language)
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
   SYNTOL (Formal language)

Machine translating [P307-P310]

 Etap-2 (Computer system) [P307-P310]
 Garni computer [P307-P310]
 Ural computer [P307-P310]

Malayan languages--Alphabet

 Jawi alphabet [PL5052]

Mandjildjara dialect--Dictionaries

 Picture dictionaries, Mandjildjara

Manuscripts (Papyri)

 Coptic language--Papyri
 Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]

Manuscripts--Facsimiles

 Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
   Abbreviations
   Bark inscriptions
   Bone carving
   Copyists
   Cuneiform writing
     Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
   Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Alphabet
       Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
         Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
         Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
           Morse code
       Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
         Aljamâia
         Båa® (The Arabic letter)
         Dad (The Arabic letter)
         Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Låam (The Arabic letter)
         òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
       Bharati alphabet
       Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
       Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
       Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
       Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
         Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
       Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
       Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
       Inscriptions, Linear A
         Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
       Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
       Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
       Modi alphabet [PK2361]
       Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
       Pasigraphy
         Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
         INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
         Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
         Neoglify (Picture language)
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Runes
       Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
     Writing--History
   Manuscripts (Papyri)
     Coptic language--Papyri
     Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
   Ostraka
   Paleographers
   Palm-leaf inscriptions
   Runes
   Scriptoria
   Signatures (Writing)
   Stichometry
   Tironian notes
   Writing, Humanistic
   Writing, Minuscule
   Writing, Uncial

Marigl dialect

 Golin dialect

Mathematical linguistics

 Dependency grammar [P162]
 Glossematics
 Glottochronology
   Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
 IPL (Computer program language)
 Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
 Linguistics--Graphic methods
 Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
   Language and languages--Word frequency
     Zipf's law
   Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
 Semantics--Mathematical models

Mathematicians

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for mathematicians)

Mathematics--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for mathematicians)

Mayan languages--Writing

 Manuscripts, Maya

Mbala language (Bandundu region, Zaire)

 Hungana language

Mbo language (Cameroon)

 Bakossi dialect

Meaning (Psychology) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]

 Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
 Language and languages [P1-P410] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Alien labor--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Antisemitism in language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Bilingualism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Children, Deaf--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Children--Language [LB1139.L3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Communicative competence in children [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language awareness in children [P118] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Physically handicapped children--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Verbal ability in children [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Christian education and language [BV1464] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Christian union--Language question [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Classification--Books--Language and languages [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Colloquial language [P408] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Conversation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Latin language, Colloquial [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Slang [P409-P410] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Confusion of tongues [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Courts and courtiers--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Elocution [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Executives--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Formal languages [QA267.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Graph grammars [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     L systems [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     PARIS (Formal language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     SYNTOL (Formal language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Imaginary languages [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Judgment [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Language and education [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Education, Bilingual [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Listening comprehension tests [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Communication in foreign language education [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language and languages--Ability testing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Bankson language screening test [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Children--Language--Testing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Bankson language screening test [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Denver Articulation Screening Exam [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Reynell Developmental Language Scales [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Rhode Island Test of Language Structure [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Temple University Short Syntax Inventory [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language transfer (Language learning) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Television in foreign language education [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Listening comprehension tests [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language camps [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc. [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Native language--Study and teaching [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Linguistic change [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Glottochronology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Neogrammarians [P75] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Linguistics [P121-P141] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Analogy (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Applied linguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Computational linguistics [P98] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         COMSKEE (Computer program language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Computer poetry [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Computer prose [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         EPICURE (Computer system) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexicography--Data processing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexicology--Data processing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         MIND (Computer system) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Machine translating [P307-P310] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Etap-2 (Computer system) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Garni computer [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Ural computer [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Network grammar [P98] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Psli3 (Computer system) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         SUSY (Computer system) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         SYGMART (Computer program language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Speech processing systems [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           NUMAUDO (Computer program language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Word processing--Foreign languages [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language services [P40.5.L36] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Congresses and conventions--Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           International agencies--Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           United Nations--Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Machine translating [P307-P310] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Etap-2 (Computer system) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Garni computer [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Ural computer [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Mathematical linguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Dependency grammar [P162] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Glossematics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Glottochronology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         IPL (Computer program language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Linguistics--Graphic methods [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Language and languages--Word frequency [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Zipf's law [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Semantics--Mathematical models [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Archaisms (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Languages in contact [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Bilingualism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Arabic-Afrikaans dialect [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Saramaccan language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Franco-Venetian language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Hobson-jobson [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Manipravalam language (Malayalam) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lingua francas [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Filipino language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Indoubill language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Kituba language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Lingala language [PL8456] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Mobilian trade language [PM1855] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Saramaccan language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Pidgin Dutch [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Pidgin English [PM7891] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Bislama language [PM7895.B4] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Tok Pisin language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Pidgin German [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Sango language [PL8641] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic geography [P375-P381] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language surveys [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Asymmetry (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Biolinguistics [P41] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Neurolinguistics [QP399] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Neurolinguistics [QP399] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Psycholinguistics [P37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                   Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Cognitive grammar [P165] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Communicative competence [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Generative grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Lexical phonology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Lexical-functional grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Relational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Arc pair grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language acquisition [P118] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Language awareness in children [P118] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Language transfer (Language learning) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Second language acquisition [P118.2] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language awareness [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Mentally handicapped--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Racism in language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Sound symbolism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Speech errors [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Speech perception [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Classification--Books--Linguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Cohesion (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Context (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Contrastive linguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Economy (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Field theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Forensic linguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Formal languages [QA267.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Graph grammars [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         L systems [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         PARIS (Formal language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         SYNTOL (Formal language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Ambiguity [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Applicative grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Categorial grammar [P161] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cognitive grammar [P165] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Conditionals (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Generative grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexical phonology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexical-functional grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Relational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Arc pair grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Asymmetry (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Economy (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Formal languages [QA267.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Graph grammars [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             L systems [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             PARIS (Formal language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             SYNTOL (Formal language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Glossematics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Hierarchy (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Stratificational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Metalanguage [P128.M48] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Minimal pair (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Systemic grammar [P149] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Tagmemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Network grammar [P98] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Order (Grammar) [P299.O73] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Parenthesis (Rhetoric) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Relational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Arc pair grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Role and reference grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Speculative grammar [P156] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Stratificational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Systemic grammar [P149] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Tagmemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Graphemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       English language--Graphemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Hesitation form (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Hierarchy (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Stratificational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Historical linguistics [P140] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Comparative linguistics [P123] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Glottochronology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Nostratic hypothesis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Semantics [P325] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Ambiguity [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Antonyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Collocation (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Componential analysis in anthropology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Definition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Discourse analysis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Cohesion (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Register (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Vocal registers [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Sublanguage [P120.S9] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Terms and phrases [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                   Erotic proverbs [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Euphemism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Field theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Formal languages--Semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Heteronyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Idioms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Presupposition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Proposition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Onomasiology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Reference (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Cataphora [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Paraphrase [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Phraseology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Idioms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Play on words [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Polysemy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Reference (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Cataphora [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Semantic differential technique [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Semiotics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Synonyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Historical lexicology [P326] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language and languages--Etymology [P321] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Cognate words [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Hand--Words for [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Linguistic paleontology [P35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Onomastics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Pejoration (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic change [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Glottochronology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Neogrammarians [P75] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Linguistic paleontology [P35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Idioms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Caesura in versification [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Linguistic models [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Mathematical linguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Dependency grammar [P162] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Glossematics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Glottochronology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       IPL (Computer program language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistics--Graphic methods [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language and languages--Word frequency [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Zipf's law [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Semantics--Mathematical models [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Minimal pair (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Modality (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Naturalness (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Neurolinguistics [QP399] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Neutralization (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Parallelism (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Pejoration (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Phonetics [P221-P227] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Aspiration (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Assimilation (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Clicks (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         African languages--Clicks [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Khoisan languages--Clicks [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Consonants [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Aspiration (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Clicks (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           African languages--Clicks [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Khoisan languages--Clicks [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Coronals (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Gemination [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         S (The sound) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Duration (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Forensic phonetics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       H (The sound) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Haplology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Whistle speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Labiality (Phonetics) [P238] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Laryngeals (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Monophthongization [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Mutation (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Palatalization [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Phonemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Functional load (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Minimal pair (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           African languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Attie language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Baoulâe language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Dyula language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Efik language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Etsako language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Igbo language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Whistle speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Kalenjin language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Kinyarwanda language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Moorâe language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Nama language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Nguni languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Rundi language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Shona language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Venda language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Xhosa language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Accents and accentuation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Duration (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Whistle speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Caesura in versification [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language and languages--Rhythm [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Caesura in versification [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       S (The sound) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Sonorants (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Nasality (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Formants (Speech) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Okpe language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Votic language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Shwa (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Sound symbolism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         African languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Attie language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Baoulâe language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Dyula language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Efik language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Etsako language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Igbo language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Whistle speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Kalenjin language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Kinyarwanda language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Moorâe language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Nama language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Nguni languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Rundi language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Shona language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Venda language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Xhosa language--Tone [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Formants (Speech) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Votic language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Shwa (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Accents and accentuation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Duration (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Whistle speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Caesura in versification [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language and languages--Rhythm [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Caesura in versification [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Psycholinguistics [P37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cognitive grammar [P165] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Communicative competence [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Generative grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexical phonology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Lexical-functional grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Relational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Arc pair grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language acquisition [P118] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language awareness in children [P118] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language transfer (Language learning) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Second language acquisition [P118.2] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language awareness [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Mentally handicapped--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Racism in language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Sound symbolism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Speech errors [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Speech perception [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Redundancy (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Reference (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cataphora [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Register (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Vocal registers [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Sociolinguistics [P40] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Interviewing in sociolinguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language planning [P40.5.L35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           English-only movement [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           International agencies--Language policy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
         Standard language [P368] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language purism [P40.5.L354] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language revival [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language spread [P40.5.L37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic minorities [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Literature and society [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Racism in language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Structural linguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Systemic grammar [P149] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Typology (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Linguistic models [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Word (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Mass media and language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Mentally handicapped--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Metal, Words for [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Mimetic words [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Multilingualism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Music and language [ML3849] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Native language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Nonsexist language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Onomatopoeia [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Oratory [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Parapsychology and language [BF1045.L35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Physically handicapped children--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Psycholinguistics [P37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Cognitive grammar [P165] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Communicative competence [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Generative grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Lexical phonology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Lexical-functional grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Relational grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Arc pair grammar [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language acquisition [P118] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language awareness in children [P118] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language transfer (Language learning) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language awareness [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Mentally handicapped--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Racism in language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Sound symbolism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Speech errors [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Speech perception [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Racism in language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Schizophrenics--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Contamination (Psychology) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Schizophasia [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Semantics [P325] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Ambiguity [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Antonyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Collocation (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Componential analysis in anthropology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Definition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Discourse analysis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cohesion (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Register (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Vocal registers [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Sublanguage [P120.S9] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Terms and phrases [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Erotic proverbs [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Euphemism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Field theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Formal languages--Semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Heteronyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Idioms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Presupposition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Proposition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Onomasiology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Reference (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Cataphora [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Paraphrase [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Phraseology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Idioms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Play on words [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Polysemy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Reference (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cataphora [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Semantic differential technique [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Semiotics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Synonyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Shepherds--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Sign language [P117 (General)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     American Sign Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Australian aborigines--Sign language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     British Sign Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Indian sign language [E98.S5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Walbiri (Australian people)--Sign language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Sociolinguistics [P40] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         English-only movement [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         International agencies--Language policy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language revival [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language spread [P40.5.L37] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Linguistic minorities [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Literature and society [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Racism in language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Space and time in language [P35] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Children, Deaf--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Colloquial language [P408] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Conversation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Latin language, Colloquial [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Slang [P409-P410] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Standard language [P368] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Statesmen--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Teachers--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Tramps--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Translating and interpreting [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Court interpreting and translating [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Dubbing of motion pictures [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Folk poetry--Translating [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Information theory in translating [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Machine translating [P307-P310] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Etap-2 (Computer system) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Garni computer [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Ural computer [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       International agencies--Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       United Nations--Translating services [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Translingua script [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Voice [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Nasality (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Sonorants (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Nasality (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Formants (Speech) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Votic language--Vowel harmony [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Shwa (Phonetics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Women--Language [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Calligraphy [Z43-Z45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Writing, Copperplate [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Chinese language--Cursive writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     English language--Writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Alphabet [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Morse code [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Arabic alphabet [PJ6123] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Aljamâia [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Båa® (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Dad (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Hamzah (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Låam (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           òZåa® (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Bharati alphabet [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Brahmi alphabet [PK119] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Celtiberian alphabet [P1081] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Cuneiform writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Cyrillic alphabet [PG92] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Devanagari alphabet [PK119] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Type and type-founding--Devanagari type [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Glagolitic alphabet [PG91] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Inscriptions, Linear A [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Kharosthi alphabet [PK119] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Modi alphabet [PK2361] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Ol alphabet [PL4563.1] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Pasigraphy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           INO (Artificial language) [PM8396] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Neoglify (Picture language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Runes [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Writing--History [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Japanese language--Cursive writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Japanese language--Writing, Seal style [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Korean language--Cursive writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Language and languages--Orthography and spelling [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Diacritics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Spelling errors [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Paleography [Z105-Z115.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Abbreviations [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Bark inscriptions [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Bone carving [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Copyists [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cuneiform writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Alphabet [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
               Morse code [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Arabic alphabet [PJ6123] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Aljamâia [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Båa® (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Dad (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Hamzah (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Låam (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             òZåa® (The Arabic letter) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Bharati alphabet [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Brahmi alphabet [PK119] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Celtiberian alphabet [P1081] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Cuneiform writing [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Cyrillic alphabet [PG92] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Devanagari alphabet [PK119] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Type and type-founding--Devanagari type [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Glagolitic alphabet [PG91] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Inscriptions, Linear A [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Kharosthi alphabet [PK119] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Modi alphabet [PK2361] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Ol alphabet [PL4563.1] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Pasigraphy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             INO (Artificial language) [PM8396] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
             Neoglify (Picture language) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Runes [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Writing--History [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Manuscripts (Papyri) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Coptic language--Papyri [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Ostraka [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Paleographers [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Palm-leaf inscriptions [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Runes [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Scriptoria [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Signatures (Writing) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Stichometry [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Tironian notes [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Writing, Humanistic [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Writing, Minuscule [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Writing, Uncial [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Written communication [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     English language--Written English [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     German language--Written German [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Italian language--Written Italian [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Low German language--Written Low German [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Navajo language--Written Navajo [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Portuguese language--Written Portuguese [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Spanish language--Written Spanish [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Tamil language--Written Tamil [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
 Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
 Semantics [P325] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Ambiguity [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Antonyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Collocation (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Parts of speech [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Componential analysis in anthropology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Definition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Discourse analysis [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Cohesion (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Register (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Vocal registers [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Sublanguage [P120.S9] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Terms and phrases [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Erotic proverbs [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
           Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Euphemism [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Field theory (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Formal languages--Semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Heteronyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Idioms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Presupposition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Proposition (Logic) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Onomasiology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Reference (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Cataphora [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Paraphrase [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Phraseology [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Idioms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Play on words [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Polysemy [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Reference (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Cataphora [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Semantic differential technique [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Semiotics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
     Semantics (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Game-theoretical semantics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       General semantics [B820] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Epistemics [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Liar paradox [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Meaning (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Performative (Philosophy) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Private language problem [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
       Speech acts (Linguistics) [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]
   Synonyms [BF463.M4 (Thought and language)]

Medical personnel

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for medical personnel)

Medicine--Language

 Chinese language--Medical Chinese
 English language--Medical English
 French language--Medical French
 Greek language--Medical Greek
 Hebrew language--Medical Hebrew
 Latin language--Medical Latin
 Medicine--Slang
 Polish language--Medical Polish

Medicine--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for medical personnel)

Mentally ill--Language

 Flight of ideas

Merchants

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for merchants)

Meteorologists

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for meteorologists)

Meteorology--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for meteorologists)

Military art and science--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for soldiers, etc.)

Minorities

 Linguistic minorities

Missions

 Language in missionary work [BV2082.L3]

Mongolian philology

 Mongolian languages
   Dagur language [PL431.D3]
   Eastern Yuku language [PL431.E28]
   Jarut language
   Kalmyk language [PL429]
     Torgut dialect
   Khitan language [PL3311.K45]
   Moghol language [PL431.M57]
   Mongolian language [PL401-PL409]
     Chahar dialect
     Khalkha dialect [PL421]
     Ordos dialect [PL431.O8]
   Mongour language [PL431.M6]
   Pao-an language [PL431.P3]
   Proto-Mongolian language
   Tung-hsiang language
   Western Yuku language [PL431.W48]

Museums--Employees

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for museum employees)

Museums--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for museum employees)

Music

 Paleography, Musical [ML174]

Music--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for musicians, musicologists, etc.)

Musicians

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for musicians, musicologists, etc.)

Musicologists

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for musicians, musicologists, etc.)

Narration (Rhetoric)

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse

Natural language processing (Computer science) [QA76.9.N38]

 FERRET (Information retrieval system) [QA76.9.N38]

Navigation--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for sailors)

Negrito languages (Philippine) [PL5501-PL5525]

 Agta language [PL5550] [PL5501-PL5525]

Neurophysiology

 Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]
   Neurolinguistics [QP399]

Neuropsychology

 Neurolinguistics [QP399]

Nonprocedural languages (Programming languages)

 APT (Computer program language)
 COMPACT II (Computer program language)
 NICOL (Computer program language)
 NPL (Computer program language)
 RPG (Computer program language)

Nonverbal communication

 Drum language
 Paralinguistics [P95.5]

Nonverbal intelligence tests

 Purdue Non-Language Adaptability Test

Nursery rhymes

 Alphabet rhymes [GR486]

Ocean--Quotations, maxims, etc.

 Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]

Office practice--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for secretaries)

Onomasiology

 Reference (Linguistics)
   Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
   Cataphora
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference

Oral communication

 Paralinguistics [P95.5]

Order (Grammar) [P299.O73]

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order [P299.O73]
   Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213] [P299.O73]

Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]

 Abbreviations [Z105-Z115.5]
 Bark inscriptions [Z105-Z115.5]
 Bone carving [Z105-Z115.5]
 Copyists [Z105-Z115.5]
 Cuneiform writing [Z105-Z115.5]
   Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [Z105-Z115.5]
 Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)] [Z105-Z115.5]
   Alphabet [Z105-Z115.5]
     Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)] [Z105-Z115.5]
       Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)] [Z105-Z115.5]
       Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509] [Z105-Z115.5]
         Morse code [Z105-Z115.5]
     Arabic alphabet [PJ6123] [Z105-Z115.5]
       Aljamâia [Z105-Z115.5]
       Båa® (The Arabic letter) [Z105-Z115.5]
       Dad (The Arabic letter) [Z105-Z115.5]
       Hamzah (The Arabic letter) [Z105-Z115.5]
       Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [Z105-Z115.5]
       Låam (The Arabic letter) [Z105-Z115.5]
       òZåa® (The Arabic letter) [Z105-Z115.5]
     Bharati alphabet [Z105-Z115.5]
     Brahmi alphabet [PK119] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Celtiberian alphabet [P1081] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Cuneiform writing [Z105-Z115.5]
       Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Cyrillic alphabet [PG92] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Devanagari alphabet [PK119] [Z105-Z115.5]
       Type and type-founding--Devanagari type [Z105-Z115.5]
     Glagolitic alphabet [PG91] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Inscriptions, Linear A [Z105-Z115.5]
       Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Jawi alphabet [PL5052] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Kharosthi alphabet [PK119] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Modi alphabet [PK2361] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Ol alphabet [PL4563.1] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Pasigraphy [Z105-Z115.5]
       Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095] [Z105-Z115.5]
       INO (Artificial language) [PM8396] [Z105-Z115.5]
       Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999] [Z105-Z115.5]
       Neoglify (Picture language) [Z105-Z115.5]
     Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [Z105-Z115.5]
     Runes [Z105-Z115.5]
     Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137] [Z105-Z115.5]
   Writing--History [Z105-Z115.5]
 Manuscripts (Papyri) [Z105-Z115.5]
   Coptic language--Papyri [Z105-Z115.5]
   Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921] [Z105-Z115.5]
 Ostraka [Z105-Z115.5]
 Paleographers [Z105-Z115.5]
 Palm-leaf inscriptions [Z105-Z115.5]
 Runes [Z105-Z115.5]
 Scriptoria [Z105-Z115.5]
 Signatures (Writing) [Z105-Z115.5]
 Stichometry [Z105-Z115.5]
 Tironian notes [Z105-Z115.5]
 Writing, Humanistic [Z105-Z115.5]
 Writing, Minuscule [Z105-Z115.5]
 Writing, Uncial [Z105-Z115.5]

Paleography, Greek

 Paleography, Byzantine

Paleography, Scandinavian

 Paleography, Norwegian
 Paleography, Swedish

Parallelism (Linguistics)

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton

Parapsychology

 Vowels--Psychic aspects [BF1442.V68]

Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]

 Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]

Parts of speech

 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]

Pascal (Computer program language)

 Concurrent Pascal (Computer program language) [QA76.73.C]

Pasigraphy

 Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
 INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
 Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
 Neoglify (Picture language)

Penmanship

 Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
   Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
   Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
     Morse code
 Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
   Writing, Copperplate

Periodicals

 Polyglot periodicals

Petroleum industry and trade--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for petroleum workers)

Philologists

 Anglicists
 Bengali philologists
 Chinese philologists
 Classicists
 Esperantists
 Gujarati philologists
 Hebraists
 Malayalam philologists
 Romanicists
 Sanskrit philologists
 Semitists
 Tamil philologists
 Telugu philologists
 Yiddishists

Philology

 Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295]
   Ambiguity
   Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
   Applicative grammar
   Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics)
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
           Parts of speech
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
   Categorial grammar [P161]
   Cognitive grammar [P165]
   Conditionals (Logic)
   Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
   Generative grammar
     Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
     Lexical phonology
     Lexical-functional grammar
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
       Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
       Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
     Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
     Relational grammar
       Arc pair grammar
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
   Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
   Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)
     Asymmetry (Linguistics)
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
     Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Economy (Linguistics)
     Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
     Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
       Formal languages [QA267.3]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
         Graph grammars
         L systems
         PARIS (Formal language)
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         SYNTOL (Formal language)
     Glossematics
     Hierarchy (Linguistics)
       Stratificational grammar
     Metalanguage [P128.M48]
     Minimal pair (Linguistics)
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
     Systemic grammar [P149]
     Tagmemics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
     Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
   Network grammar [P98]
   Order (Grammar) [P299.O73]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order
       Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213]
   Parenthesis (Rhetoric)
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
   Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
   Relational grammar
     Arc pair grammar
   Role and reference grammar
   Speculative grammar [P156]
   Stratificational grammar
   Systemic grammar [P149]
   Tagmemics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
 Language and languages [P1-P410]
   Alien labor--Language
   Antisemitism in language
   Bilingualism
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
   Children, Deaf--Language
   Children--Language [LB1139.L3]
     Communicative competence in children
     Language awareness in children [P118]
     Physically handicapped children--Language
     Verbal ability in children
   Christian education and language [BV1464]
   Christian union--Language question
   Classification--Books--Language and languages
   Colloquial language [P408]
     Conversation
     Latin language, Colloquial
     Slang [P409-P410]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
   Confusion of tongues
   Courts and courtiers--Language
   Elocution
   Executives--Language
   Formal languages [QA267.3]
     AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
     Graph grammars
     L systems
     PARIS (Formal language)
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     SYNTOL (Formal language)
   Imaginary languages
   Judgment
   Language and education
     Education, Bilingual
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
     Language and languages--Study and teaching [P51-P59]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Communication in foreign language education
       Immersion method (Language teaching) [P53.44]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language and languages--Ability testing
         Bankson language screening test
         Children--Language--Testing
           Bankson language screening test
           Denver Articulation Screening Exam
           Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
           Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
           Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
           Reynell Developmental Language Scales
           Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
           Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
           Temple University Short Syntax Inventory
         Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
         Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Television in foreign language education
     Languages, Modern--Study and teaching [PB35-PB39]
       Audio-lingual method (Language teaching)
         Listening comprehension tests
       Language and languages--Study and teaching--Bilingual method
       Language camps
       Languages, Modern--Scholarships, fellowships, etc.
     Native language and education [LC201.5-LC201.7]
     Native language--Study and teaching
   Linguistic change
     Glottochronology
       Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
     Neogrammarians [P75]
   Linguistics [P121-P141]
     Analogy (Linguistics)
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
     Anthropological linguistics [P35-P35.5]
       Linguistic paleontology [P35]
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Applied linguistics
       Computational linguistics [P98]
         Automatic spelling-to-sound conversion
         COMSKEE (Computer program language)
         Computer poetry
         Computer prose
         EPICURE (Computer system)
         Lexicography--Data processing
         Lexicology--Data processing
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         MIND (Computer system)
         Machine translating [P307-P310]
           Etap-2 (Computer system)
           Garni computer
           Ural computer
         Network grammar [P98]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Psli3 (Computer system)
         SUSY (Computer system)
         SYGMART (Computer program language)
         Speech processing systems
           NUMAUDO (Computer program language)
         Word processing--Foreign languages
       Language services [P40.5.L36]
         Translating services
           Congresses and conventions--Translating services
           International agencies--Translating services
           United Nations--Translating services
       Machine translating [P307-P310]
         Etap-2 (Computer system)
         Garni computer
         Ural computer
       Mathematical linguistics
         Dependency grammar [P162]
         Glossematics
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
         IPL (Computer program language)
         Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
         Linguistics--Graphic methods
         Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
           Language and languages--Word frequency
             Zipf's law
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Semantics--Mathematical models
     Archaisms (Linguistics)
     Areal linguistics [P130-P130.6]
       Languages in contact
         Bilingualism
           Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
         Languages, Mixed [PM7801-PM7895]
           Arabic-Afrikaans dialect
           Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
             Saramaccan language
           Dilpok language [PM8161-PM8164]
           Franco-Venetian language
           Hiri Motu language [PM7895.H5]
           Hobson-jobson
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Manipravalam language (Malayalam)
           Ngadju language (Australia) [PL7101.N44]
           Pitcairnese language [PM7895.P5]
           Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Lingua francas
           Filipino language
           Indoubill language
           Kituba language
           Lingala language [PL8456]
           Mobilian trade language [PM1855]
           Ochweâsnicki jargon [PM7895.O3]
           Pidgin languages [PM7801-PM7895]
             Creole dialects [PM7831-PM7875]
               Saramaccan language
             Naga Pidgin [PM7895.N3]
             Pidgin Dutch
             Pidgin English [PM7891]
               Bislama language [PM7895.B4]
               Tok Pisin language
             Pidgin German
           Sango language [PL8641]
         Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
         Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
       Linguistic geography [P375-P381]
         Language surveys
     Asymmetry (Linguistics)
     Autosegmental theory (Linguistics) [P217.7]
     Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
     Biolinguistics [P41]
       Language and languages--Physiological aspects [QP399]
         Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Neurolinguistics [QP399]
       Psycholinguistics [P37]
         Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
           Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
             Componential analysis (Linguistics)
               Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
                 Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                   Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
                 Parts of speech
                   Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Cognitive grammar [P165]
         Communicative competence
         Generative grammar
           Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
           Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
           Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
           Lexical phonology
           Lexical-functional grammar
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Montague grammar [P158.5]
           Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
             Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
           Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
             Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
             Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
           Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
           Relational grammar
             Arc pair grammar
           Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
         Language acquisition [P118]
           Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
           Language awareness in children [P118]
           Language transfer (Language learning)
             Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
           Second language acquisition [P118.2]
         Language awareness
         Mentally handicapped--Language
         Racism in language
         Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
         Sound symbolism
         Speech errors
           Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
         Speech perception
     Classification--Books--Linguistics
     Classifiers (Linguistics) [P299.C]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Determiners [P299.D]
     Code switching (Linguistics) [P115.3]
     Cohesion (Linguistics)
     Communism and linguistics [HX550.L55]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Context (Linguistics)
     Contrastive linguistics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Phonology, Comparative
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Definiteness (Linguistics) [P299.D43]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Economy (Linguistics)
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Forensic linguistics
     Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
       Formal languages [QA267.3]
         AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
         Graph grammars
         L systems
         PARIS (Formal language)
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         SYNTOL (Formal language)
     Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
     Genericalness (Linguistics) [P299.G44]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general [P151-P295]
       Ambiguity
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Applicative grammar
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Categorial grammar [P161]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Conditionals (Logic)
       Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Linguistic analysis (Linguistics)
         Asymmetry (Linguistics)
         Binary principle (Linguistics) [P128.B]
         Categorization (Linguistics) [P128.C37]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Combination (Linguistics) [P128.C64]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
         Economy (Linguistics)
         Equivalence (Linguistics) [P128.E65]
         Explanation (Linguistics) [P128.E95]
         Formalization (Linguistics) [P128.F67]
           Formal languages [QA267.3]
             AUTOMATH (Formal language) [QA267.3]
             Graph grammars
             L systems
             PARIS (Formal language)
             Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
               Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
             SYNTOL (Formal language)
         Glossematics
         Hierarchy (Linguistics)
           Stratificational grammar
         Metalanguage [P128.M48]
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
         Systemic grammar [P149]
         Tagmemics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Type and token (Linguistics) [P128.T94]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Network grammar [P98]
       Order (Grammar) [P299.O73]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Word order
           Languages, Modern--Word order [PB213]
       Parenthesis (Rhetoric)
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Role and reference grammar
       Speculative grammar [P156]
       Stratificational grammar
       Systemic grammar [P149]
       Tagmemics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Graphemics
       English language--Graphemics
     Hesitation form (Linguistics)
     Hierarchy (Linguistics)
       Stratificational grammar
     Historical linguistics [P140]
       Comparative linguistics [P123]
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Nostratic hypothesis
         Semantics [P325]
           Ambiguity
           Antonyms
           Collocation (Linguistics)
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
           Componential analysis in anthropology
           Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
           Definition (Logic)
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Discourse analysis
             Cohesion (Linguistics)
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
             Register (Linguistics)
               Vocal registers
             Sublanguage [P120.S9]
               Terms and phrases
                 Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
                 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
                   Erotic proverbs
                   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
           Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
           Euphemism
           Field theory (Linguistics)
           Formal languages--Semantics
           Game-theoretical semantics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
           Heteronyms
           Idioms
           Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
             Montague grammar [P158.5]
             Presupposition (Logic)
             Proposition (Logic)
           Onomasiology
             Reference (Linguistics)
               Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
               Cataphora
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Paraphrase
           Phraseology
             Idioms
           Play on words
           Polysemy
           Reference (Linguistics)
             Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
             Cataphora
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
           Semantic differential technique
           Semiotics
             Semantics (Philosophy)
               Game-theoretical semantics
               General semantics [B820]
                 Epistemics
                 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Liar paradox
               Meaning (Philosophy)
               Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
               Montague grammar [P158.5]
               Performative (Philosophy)
               Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
               Private language problem
               Speech acts (Linguistics)
           Synonyms
       Historical lexicology [P326]
         Language and languages--Etymology [P321]
           Cognate words
           Hand--Words for
           Linguistic paleontology [P35]
           Onomastics
         Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]
           Pejoration (Linguistics)
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Linguistic change
         Glottochronology
           Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
         Neogrammarians [P75]
       Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2]
         Linguistic paleontology [P35]
     Idioms
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
       Caesura in versification
     Linguistic models
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Mathematical linguistics
       Dependency grammar [P162]
       Glossematics
       Glottochronology
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Mathematical models [P151]
       IPL (Computer program language)
       Lincos (Artificial language) [PM8508]
       Linguistics--Graphic methods
       Linguistics--Statistical methods [P138.5]
         Language and languages--Word frequency
           Zipf's law
         Lexicostatistics [P326 (General)]
       Semantics--Mathematical models
     Minimal pair (Linguistics)
     Modality (Linguistics)
     Naturalness (Linguistics)
     Neurolinguistics [QP399]
     Neutralization (Linguistics)
     Paradigm (Linguistics) [P128.P37]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Parallelism (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Coordinate constructions [P299.C6]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Asyndeton
     Pejoration (Linguistics)
     Phonetics [P221-P227]
       Aspiration (Phonetics)
       Assimilation (Phonetics)
       Clicks (Phonetics)
         African languages--Clicks
         Khoisan languages--Clicks
       Consonants
         Aspiration (Phonetics)
         Clicks (Phonetics)
           African languages--Clicks
           Khoisan languages--Clicks
         Coronals (Phonetics)
         Gemination
         S (The sound)
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Forensic phonetics
       H (The sound)
       Haplology
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Labiality (Phonetics) [P238]
       Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions
       Laryngeals (Phonetics)
       Monophthongization
       Mutation (Phonetics)
       Palatalization
       Phonemics
         Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245]
         Functional load (Linguistics)
         Minimal pair (Linguistics)
         Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
           African languages--Tone
           Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
           Attie language--Tone
           Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
           Baoulâe language--Tone
           Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
           Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
           Dyula language--Tone
           Efik language--Tone
           Etsako language--Tone
           Igbo language--Tone
           Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
             Whistle speech
           Kalenjin language--Tone
           Kinyarwanda language--Tone
           Moorâe language--Tone
           Nama language--Tone
           Nguni languages--Tone
           Rundi language--Tone
           Shona language--Tone
           Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
           Venda language--Tone
           Xhosa language--Tone
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
         Accents and accentuation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Duration (Phonetics)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
           Caesura in versification
         Language and languages--Rhythm
           Caesura in versification
         Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       S (The sound)
       Sonorants (Phonetics)
         Nasality (Phonetics)
         Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
           Formants (Speech)
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
             Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
             Okpe language--Vowel harmony
             Votic language--Vowel harmony
           Shwa (Phonetics)
       Sound symbolism
       Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
       Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
         African languages--Tone
         Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
         Attie language--Tone
         Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
         Baoulâe language--Tone
         Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
         Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
         Dyula language--Tone
         Efik language--Tone
         Etsako language--Tone
         Igbo language--Tone
         Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
           Whistle speech
         Kalenjin language--Tone
         Kinyarwanda language--Tone
         Moorâe language--Tone
         Nama language--Tone
         Nguni languages--Tone
         Rundi language--Tone
         Shona language--Tone
         Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
         Venda language--Tone
         Xhosa language--Tone
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
     Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
       Accents and accentuation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Duration (Phonetics)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
         Caesura in versification
       Language and languages--Rhythm
         Caesura in versification
       Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
     Psycholinguistics [P37]
       Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
         Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
           Componential analysis (Linguistics)
             Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
               Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
                 Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
               Parts of speech
                 Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
       Cognitive grammar [P165]
       Communicative competence
       Generative grammar
         Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
         Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
         Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
         Lexical phonology
         Lexical-functional grammar
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
           Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
         Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
           Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
           Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
         Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
         Relational grammar
           Arc pair grammar
         Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
       Language acquisition [P118]
         Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
         Language awareness in children [P118]
         Language transfer (Language learning)
           Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
         Second language acquisition [P118.2]
       Language awareness
       Mentally handicapped--Language
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Sound symbolism
       Speech errors
         Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
       Speech perception
     Redundancy (Linguistics)
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Register (Linguistics)
       Vocal registers
     Sociolinguistics [P40]
       Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
       Interviewing in sociolinguistics
       Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
       Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
       Language planning [P40.5.L35]
         Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
           English-only movement
           International agencies--Language policy
           United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
         Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
         Standard language [P368]
       Language purism [P40.5.L354]
       Language revival
       Language spread [P40.5.L37]
       Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
       Linguistic minorities
       Literature and society
       Racism in language
       Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
       Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Structural linguistics
       Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
       Systemic grammar [P149]
     Substratum (Linguistics) [P130.55]
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Typology (Linguistics)
       Linguistic models
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics)
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
           Parts of speech
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Word (Linguistics)
   Mass media and language
   Mentally handicapped--Language
   Metal, Words for
   Mimetic words
   Multilingualism
   Music and language [ML3849]
   Native language
   Nonsexist language
   Onomatopoeia
   Oratory
   Parapsychology and language [BF1045.L35]
   Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
   Physically handicapped children--Language
   Psycholinguistics [P37]
     Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
       Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
         Componential analysis (Linguistics)
           Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
             Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
               Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
             Parts of speech
               Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Cognitive grammar [P165]
     Communicative competence
     Generative grammar
       Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
       Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
       Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
       Lexical phonology
       Lexical-functional grammar
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
         Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
       Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
         Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
         Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
       Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
       Relational grammar
         Arc pair grammar
       Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
     Language acquisition [P118]
       Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
       Language awareness in children [P118]
       Language transfer (Language learning)
         Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
       Second language acquisition [P118.2]
     Language awareness
     Mentally handicapped--Language
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Sound symbolism
     Speech errors
       Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
     Speech perception
   Racism in language
   Schizophrenics--Language
     Contamination (Psychology)
     Schizophasia
   Semantics (Philosophy)
     Game-theoretical semantics
     General semantics [B820]
       Epistemics
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Liar paradox
     Meaning (Philosophy)
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Performative (Philosophy)
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
     Private language problem
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Semantics [P325]
     Ambiguity
     Antonyms
     Collocation (Linguistics)
     Componential analysis (Linguistics)
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
         Parts of speech
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
     Componential analysis in anthropology
     Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63]
     Definition (Logic)
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Discourse analysis
       Cohesion (Linguistics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse
       Register (Linguistics)
         Vocal registers
       Sublanguage [P120.S9]
         Terms and phrases
           Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
           Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
             Erotic proverbs
             Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]
     Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45]
     Euphemism
     Field theory (Linguistics)
     Formal languages--Semantics
     Game-theoretical semantics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization
     Heteronyms
     Idioms
     Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)]
       Montague grammar [P158.5]
       Presupposition (Logic)
       Proposition (Logic)
     Onomasiology
       Reference (Linguistics)
         Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
         Cataphora
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Paraphrase
     Phraseology
       Idioms
     Play on words
     Polysemy
     Reference (Linguistics)
       Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
       Cataphora
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference
     Semantic differential technique
     Semiotics
       Semantics (Philosophy)
         Game-theoretical semantics
         General semantics [B820]
           Epistemics
           Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Liar paradox
         Meaning (Philosophy)
         Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
         Montague grammar [P158.5]
         Performative (Philosophy)
         Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
         Private language problem
         Speech acts (Linguistics)
     Synonyms
   Shepherds--Language
   Sign language [P117 (General)]
     American Sign Language
     Australian aborigines--Sign language
     British Sign Language
     Indian sign language [E98.S5]
     Walbiri (Australian people)--Sign language
   Sociolinguistics [P40]
     Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
     Interviewing in sociolinguistics
     Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
     Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
     Language planning [P40.5.L35]
       Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
         English-only movement
         International agencies--Language policy
         United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
       Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
       Standard language [P368]
     Language purism [P40.5.L354]
     Language revival
     Language spread [P40.5.L37]
     Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
     Linguistic minorities
     Literature and society
     Racism in language
     Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
     Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]
   Space and time in language [P35]
   Speech
     Children, Deaf--Language
     Colloquial language [P408]
       Conversation
       Latin language, Colloquial
       Slang [P409-P410]
         Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
     Paralinguistics [P95.5]
     Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
     Speech acts (Linguistics)
   Standard language [P368]
   Statesmen--Language
   Teachers--Language
   Tramps--Language
   Translating and interpreting
     Court interpreting and translating
     Dubbing of motion pictures
     Folk poetry--Translating
     Information theory in translating
     Machine translating [P307-P310]
       Etap-2 (Computer system)
       Garni computer
       Ural computer
     Translating services
       Congresses and conventions--Translating services
       International agencies--Translating services
       United Nations--Translating services
   Translingua script
   Voice
     Nasality (Phonetics)
     Sonorants (Phonetics)
       Nasality (Phonetics)
       Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
         Formants (Speech)
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
           Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
           Okpe language--Vowel harmony
           Votic language--Vowel harmony
         Shwa (Phonetics)
   Women--Language
   Writing
     Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
       Writing, Copperplate
     Chinese language--Cursive writing
     English language--Writing
     Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
       Alphabet
         Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
           Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
           Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
             Morse code
         Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
           Aljamâia
           Båa® (The Arabic letter)
           Dad (The Arabic letter)
           Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Låam (The Arabic letter)
           òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
         Bharati alphabet
         Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
         Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
         Cuneiform writing
           Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
         Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
         Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
         Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
           Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
         Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
         Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
         Inscriptions, Linear A
           Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
         Modi alphabet [PK2361]
         Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
         Pasigraphy
           Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
           INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
           Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
           Neoglify (Picture language)
         Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
         Runes
         Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
       Writing--History
     Japanese language--Cursive writing
     Japanese language--Writing, Seal style
     Korean language--Cursive writing
     Language and languages--Orthography and spelling
       Diacritics
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
       Spelling errors
     Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
       Abbreviations
       Bark inscriptions
       Bone carving
       Copyists
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
         Alphabet
           Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
             Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
             Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
               Morse code
           Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
             Aljamâia
             Båa® (The Arabic letter)
             Dad (The Arabic letter)
             Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
             Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
             Låam (The Arabic letter)
             òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
           Bharati alphabet
           Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
           Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
           Cuneiform writing
             Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
           Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
           Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
           Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
             Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
           Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
           Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
           Inscriptions, Linear A
             Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
           Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
           Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
           Modi alphabet [PK2361]
           Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
           Pasigraphy
             Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
             INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
             Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
             Neoglify (Picture language)
           Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
           Runes
           Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
         Writing--History
       Manuscripts (Papyri)
         Coptic language--Papyri
         Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
       Ostraka
       Paleographers
       Palm-leaf inscriptions
       Runes
       Scriptoria
       Signatures (Writing)
       Stichometry
       Tironian notes
       Writing, Humanistic
       Writing, Minuscule
       Writing, Uncial
     Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350]
   Written communication
     Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126]
     English language--Written English
     German language--Written German
     Italian language--Written Italian
     Low German language--Written Low German
     Navajo language--Written Navajo
     Portuguese language--Written Portuguese
     Spanish language--Written Spanish
     Tamil language--Written Tamil

Philosophy, Modern

 Semantics (Philosophy)
   Game-theoretical semantics
   General semantics [B820]
     Epistemics
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Liar paradox
   Meaning (Philosophy)
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Performative (Philosophy)
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Private language problem
   Speech acts (Linguistics)

Phonemics

 Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245]
 Functional load (Linguistics)
 Minimal pair (Linguistics)
 Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
   African languages--Tone
   Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
   Attie language--Tone
   Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
   Baoulâe language--Tone
   Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
   Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
   Dyula language--Tone
   Efik language--Tone
   Etsako language--Tone
   Igbo language--Tone
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
     Whistle speech
   Kalenjin language--Tone
   Kinyarwanda language--Tone
   Moorâe language--Tone
   Nama language--Tone
   Nguni languages--Tone
   Rundi language--Tone
   Shona language--Tone
   Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
   Venda language--Tone
   Xhosa language--Tone

Phonetics [P221-P227]

 Aspiration (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
 Assimilation (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
 Clicks (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
   African languages--Clicks [P221-P227]
   Khoisan languages--Clicks [P221-P227]
 Consonants [P221-P227]
   Aspiration (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
   Clicks (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
     African languages--Clicks [P221-P227]
     Khoisan languages--Clicks [P221-P227]
   Coronals (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
   Gemination [P221-P227]
   S (The sound) [P221-P227]
 Duration (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P221-P227]
 Forensic phonetics [P221-P227]
 H (The sound) [P221-P227]
 Haplology [P221-P227]
 Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P221-P227]
   Whistle speech [P221-P227]
 Labiality (Phonetics) [P238] [P221-P227]
 Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions [P221-P227]
 Laryngeals (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
 Monophthongization [P221-P227]
 Mutation (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
 Palatalization [P221-P227]
 Phonemics [P221-P227]
   Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245] [P221-P227]
   Functional load (Linguistics) [P221-P227]
   Minimal pair (Linguistics) [P221-P227]
   Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P221-P227]
     African languages--Tone [P221-P227]
     Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P221-P227]
     Attie language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P221-P227]
     Baoulâe language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P221-P227]
     Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P221-P227]
     Dyula language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Efik language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Etsako language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Igbo language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P221-P227]
       Whistle speech [P221-P227]
     Kalenjin language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Moorâe language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Nama language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Nguni languages--Tone [P221-P227]
     Rundi language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Shona language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P221-P227]
     Venda language--Tone [P221-P227]
     Xhosa language--Tone [P221-P227]
 Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)] [P221-P227]
 Prosodic analysis (Linguistics) [P221-P227]
   Accents and accentuation [P221-P227]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics [P221-P227]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P221-P227]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics [P221-P227]
   Duration (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8] [P221-P227]
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P221-P227]
     Whistle speech [P221-P227]
   Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5] [P221-P227]
     Caesura in versification [P221-P227]
   Language and languages--Rhythm [P221-P227]
     Caesura in versification [P221-P227]
   Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P221-P227]
 S (The sound) [P221-P227]
 Sonorants (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
   Nasality (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
   Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P221-P227]
     Formants (Speech) [P221-P227]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P221-P227]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
       Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
       Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
       Votic language--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
     Shwa (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
 Sound symbolism [P221-P227]
 Spectral analysis (Phonetics) [P221-P227]
 Tempo (Phonetics) [P225] [P221-P227]
 Tone (Phonetics) [P223] [P221-P227]
   African languages--Tone [P221-P227]
   Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P221-P227]
   Attie language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P221-P227]
   Baoulâe language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P221-P227]
   Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P221-P227]
   Dyula language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Efik language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Etsako language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Igbo language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P221-P227]
     Whistle speech [P221-P227]
   Kalenjin language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Moorâe language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Nama language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Nguni languages--Tone [P221-P227]
   Rundi language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Shona language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P221-P227]
   Venda language--Tone [P221-P227]
   Xhosa language--Tone [P221-P227]
 Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)] [P221-P227]
   Formants (Speech) [P221-P227]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [P221-P227]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
     Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
     Okpe language--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
     Votic language--Vowel harmony [P221-P227]
   Shwa (Phonetics) [P221-P227]

Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]

 Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P158.3]
 Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P158.3]

Phraseology

 Idioms

Picture-writing

 Petroglyphs [GN799.P4]

Pidgin English [PM7891]

 Bislama language [PM7895.B4] [PM7891]
 Tok Pisin language [PM7891]

Pidgin English literature

 Pidgin English poetry

Plant numerical taxonomy

 Numerical syntaxonomy [QK911]

Plants--Folklore

 Flower language [GR780-GR790]

Plateau languages (Nigeria) [PL8600.P55]

 Birom language [PL8078.B36] [PL8600.P55]
 Kagoma language [PL8600.P55]
 Kaje language [PL8600.P55]
 Katab language [PL8374.K36] [PL8600.P55]
   Kagoro dialect [PL8374.K3695K33] [PL8600.P55]
 Migili language [PL8600.P55]

Poetry

 Dialect poetry

Polarity--Religious aspects

 Dialectical theology [BT78]
   Neo-orthodoxy

Police

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for police)

Polish literature

 Dialect literature, Polish

Professional employees

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for professionals)

Professions--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for professionals)

===Programming languages (Electronic computers) [QA76.7-QA76.73]=== (See LCSH-Programming_Languages_Tree.txt)

Programming languages (Electronic computers)--Computer-assisted instruction

 PLATO (Electronic computer system)
   KAIL (Computer program language)

Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)

 Accents and accentuation
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
 Duration (Phonetics)
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
 Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
   Whistle speech
 Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
   Caesura in versification
 Language and languages--Rhythm
   Caesura in versification
 Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]

Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]

 Erotic proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
 Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [PN6400-PN6525]

Proverbs, American

 Afro-American proverbs
 Mexican American proverbs

Proverbs, Jewish

 Proverbs, Hebrew
 Proverbs, Yiddish

Psycholinguistics [P37]

 Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37] [P37]
   Universals (Linguistics) [P204] [P37]
     Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P37]
       Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P37]
         Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P37]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P37]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P37]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P37]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P37]
         Parts of speech [P37]
           Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P37]
 Cognitive grammar [P165] [P37]
 Communicative competence [P37]
 Generative grammar [P37]
   Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596] [P37]
   Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P37]
   Government-binding theory (Linguistics) [P37]
   Lexical phonology [P37]
   Lexical-functional grammar [P37]
   Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P37]
   Montague grammar [P158.5] [P37]
   Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)] [P37]
     Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar) [P37]
   Phrase structure grammar [P158.3] [P37]
     Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35] [P37]
     Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4] [P37]
   Principles and parameters (Linguistics) [P37]
   Relational grammar [P37]
     Arc pair grammar [P37]
   Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158] [P37]
 Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I] [P37]
 Language acquisition [P118] [P37]
   Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53] [P37]
   Language awareness in children [P118] [P37]
   Language transfer (Language learning) [P37]
     Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)] [P37]
   Second language acquisition [P118.2] [P37]
 Language awareness [P37]
 Mentally handicapped--Language [P37]
 Racism in language [P37]
 Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P37]
 Sound symbolism [P37]
 Speech errors [P37]
   Spoonerisms [PN6231.S] [P37]
 Speech perception [P37]

Psycholinguistics--Ability testing

 Bankson language screening test
 Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
 Rhode Island Test of Language Structure

Psychological tests

 Psycholinguistics--Ability testing
   Bankson language screening test
   Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
   Rhode Island Test of Language Structure

Psychological tests for children

 Children--Language--Testing
   Bankson language screening test
   Denver Articulation Screening Exam
   Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation
   Illinois test of psycholinguistic abilities
   Ohio Tests of Articulation and Perception of Sounds
   Reynell Developmental Language Scales
   Rhode Island Test of Language Structure
   Screening Kit of Language Development [RJ496.L35]
   Temple University Short Syntax Inventory

Psychology

 Psycholinguistics [P37]
   Cartesian linguistics [P37.5.C37]
     Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
       Componential analysis (Linguistics)
         Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
           Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
           Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
             Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
           Parts of speech
             Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]
   Cognitive grammar [P165]
   Communicative competence
   Generative grammar
     Control (Linguistics) [P299.C596]
     Deep structure (Linguistics) [P158]
     Government-binding theory (Linguistics)
     Lexical phonology
     Lexical-functional grammar
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Montague grammar [P158.5]
     Parsing (Computer grammar) [QA267.3 (Formal languages)]
       Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar)
     Phrase structure grammar [P158.3]
       Generalized phrase structure grammar [P158.35]
       Head-driven phrase structure grammar [P158.4]
     Principles and parameters (Linguistics)
     Relational grammar
       Arc pair grammar
     Surface structure (Linguistics) [P158]
   Innateness hypothesis (Linguistics) [P37.5.I]
   Language acquisition [P118]
     Interlanguage (Language learning) [P53]
     Language awareness in children [P118]
     Language transfer (Language learning)
       Interference (Linguistics) [P53 (Language study)]
     Second language acquisition [P118.2]
   Language awareness
   Mentally handicapped--Language
   Racism in language
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
   Sound symbolism
   Speech errors
     Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]
   Speech perception

Psychotherapy

 Neurolinguistic programming [RC489.N47 (Psychiatry)]

Quotations

 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
   Erotic proverbs
   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]

Raeto-Romance literature

 Dialect literature, Raeto-Romance

Readers (Primary)

 Polyglot readers (Primary)

Reading (Elementary)

 Initial teaching alphabet [LB1573.25 (Elementary)]
 Unifon alphabet

Reading--Code emphasis approaches

 Initial teaching alphabet [LB1573.25 (Elementary)]

Reconstruction (Linguistics) [P143.2]

 Linguistic paleontology [P35] [P143.2]

Reference (Linguistics)

 Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5]
 Cataphora
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference

Register (Linguistics)

 Vocal registers

Relational grammar

 Arc pair grammar

Remedial teaching

 English language--Remedial teaching
 Language arts--Remedial teaching

Restaurants--Employees

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for restaurant and hotel personnel)

Restaurants--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for restaurant and hotel personnel)

Rhythm

 Language and languages--Rhythm
   Caesura in versification

Roman law--Language

 Addicere (The word)
 Auctoritas (The word)

Romance philology

 Romance languages [PC]
   Galician language [PC5411-PC5414]
   Langue d'oc
     Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B]
     Gascon dialect [PC3421-PC3428]
       Bâearnais dialect [PC3427.B]
   Sardinian language [PC1981-PC1984]

Rugs, Oriental

 Inscription rugs

Russian literature

 Dialect literature, Russian

Sailing--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for sailors)

Sailors

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for sailors)

Schizophrenics--Language

 Contamination (Psychology)
 Schizophasia

Scholars

 Philologists
   Anglicists
   Bengali philologists
   Chinese philologists
   Classicists
   Esperantists
   Gujarati philologists
   Hebraists
   Malayalam philologists
   Romanicists
   Sanskrit philologists
   Semitists
   Tamil philologists
   Telugu philologists
   Yiddishists

Scholasticism

 Speculative grammar [P156]

Schools--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for school employees)

Scottish literature

 Dialect literature, Scottish

Scottish poetry

 Dialect poetry, Scottish

Secretaries

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for secretaries)

Semantics (Philosophy)

 Game-theoretical semantics
 General semantics [B820]
   Epistemics
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
 Liar paradox
 Meaning (Philosophy)
 Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
 Montague grammar [P158.5]
 Performative (Philosophy)
 Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
 Private language problem
 Speech acts (Linguistics)

Semantics [P325]

 Ambiguity [P325]
 Antonyms [P325]
 Collocation (Linguistics) [P325]
 Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P325]
   Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P325]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P325]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P325]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P325]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P325]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P325]
     Parts of speech [P325]
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P325]
 Componential analysis in anthropology [P325]
 Connotation (Linguistics) [P325.5.C63] [P325]
 Definition (Logic) [P325]
   Semantics (Philosophy) [P325]
     Game-theoretical semantics [P325]
     General semantics [B820] [P325]
       Epistemics [P325]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P325]
     Liar paradox [P325]
     Meaning (Philosophy) [P325]
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P325]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P325]
     Performative (Philosophy) [P325]
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P325]
     Private language problem [P325]
     Speech acts (Linguistics) [P325]
 Discourse analysis [P325]
   Cohesion (Linguistics) [P325]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Indirect discourse [P325]
   Register (Linguistics) [P325]
     Vocal registers [P325]
   Sublanguage [P120.S9] [P325]
     Terms and phrases [P325]
       Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P325]
       Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P325]
         Erotic proverbs [P325]
         Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P325]
 Emphasis (Linguistics) [P299.E45] [P325]
 Euphemism [P325]
 Field theory (Linguistics) [P325]
 Formal languages--Semantics [P325]
 Game-theoretical semantics [P325]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammaticalization [P325]
 Heteronyms [P325]
 Idioms [P325]
 Language and logic [P39 (Linguistics)] [P325]
   Montague grammar [P158.5] [P325]
   Presupposition (Logic) [P325]
   Proposition (Logic) [P325]
 Onomasiology [P325]
   Reference (Linguistics) [P325]
     Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P325]
     Cataphora [P325]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P325]
 Paraphrase [P325]
 Phraseology [P325]
   Idioms [P325]
 Play on words [P325]
 Polysemy [P325]
 Reference (Linguistics) [P325]
   Anaphora (Linguistics) [P299.A5] [P325]
   Cataphora [P325]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Switch-reference [P325]
 Semantic differential technique [P325]
 Semiotics [P325]
   Semantics (Philosophy) [P325]
     Game-theoretical semantics [P325]
     General semantics [B820] [P325]
       Epistemics [P325]
       Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P325]
     Liar paradox [P325]
     Meaning (Philosophy) [P325]
     Meaninglessness (Philosophy) [P325]
     Montague grammar [P158.5] [P325]
     Performative (Philosophy) [P325]
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)] [P325]
     Private language problem [P325]
     Speech acts (Linguistics) [P325]
 Synonyms [P325]

Semantics, Historical [P325.5.H57]

 Pejoration (Linguistics) [P325.5.H57]

Semantics--Methodology

 Semantics--Network analysis [P325.5.N47]

Semiotics

 Semantics (Philosophy)
   Game-theoretical semantics
   General semantics [B820]
     Epistemics
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Liar paradox
   Meaning (Philosophy)
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Performative (Philosophy)
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Private language problem
   Speech acts (Linguistics)

Semitic languages, Northwest [PJ4121-PJ4129]

 Ammonite language [PJ4143] [PJ4121-PJ4129]
 Canaanite language [PJ4121-PJ4129]
 Phoenician language [PJ4171-PJ4187] [PJ4121-PJ4129]
   Punic language [PJ4171-PJ4197] [PJ4121-PJ4129]
 Syriac language [PJ5701-PJ5809] [PJ4121-PJ4129]
   Manuscripts, Syriac [PJ4121-PJ4129]
 Ugaritic language [PJ4150] [PJ4121-PJ4129]

Semitic languages, Southern Peripheral [PJ5901-PJ5909]

 Ethiopian languages [PJ8991-PJ8999] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Amharic language [PJ9201-PJ9250] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Argobba language [PL9280] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Ethiopic language [PJ9001-PJ9087] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Gafat language [PJ9285] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Gurage language [PJ9288] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Harari language [PJ9293] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Tigrinya language [PJ9111] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Tigrâe language [PJ9131] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
 South Arabic language [PJ6951-PJ7134] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Mahri language [PJ7111-PJ7114] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
     òHarsåusåi language [PJ7141-PJ7144] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   Sokotri language [PJ7131-PJ7134] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   éSùhauri language [PJ7121-PJ7124] [PJ5901-PJ5909]
   òHarsåusåi language [PJ7141-PJ7144] [PJ5901-PJ5909]

Semitic languages--Phonemics

 Ts (The Semitic phoneme)

Semitic languages--Roots

 Kpr (The Semitic root)

Semitic philology

 Inscriptions, Semitic
   Inscriptions, Proto-Sinaitic [PJ4160]

Sex--Quotations, maxims, etc.

 Erotic proverbs

Sexism in language

 Sexism in liturgical language

Sexism in religion

 Sexism in liturgical language

Sign painting

 Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
   Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
   Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
     Morse code

Signals and signaling

 Drum language

Signs and symbols

 Semantics (Philosophy)
   Game-theoretical semantics
   General semantics [B820]
     Epistemics
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Liar paradox
   Meaning (Philosophy)
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Performative (Philosophy)
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Private language problem
   Speech acts (Linguistics)

Sinologists

 Chinese philologists

Slang [P409-P410]

 Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P409-P410]

Slavic languages, Eastern [PG465-PG469]

 Belarusian language [PG465-PG469]
 Russian language [PG2001-PG2847] [PG465-PG469]
 Ukrainian language [PG3801-PG3899] [PG465-PG469]

Slavic languages, Southern

 Bulgarian language [PG801-PG993]
 Macedonian language [PG1161-PG1164]
 Serbo-Croatian language [PG1224-PG1399]
   Kajkavian dialect [PG1395]
   éCakavian dialect [PG1394]
   éStokavian dialect [PG1393]
 Slovenian language [PG1801-PG1899]

Slavic languages, Western [PG471-PG489]

 Kashubian language [PG7901-PG7905] [PG471-PG489]
   Slovincian dialect [PG471-PG489]
 Lechitic languages [PG471-PG489]
   Kashubian language [PG7901-PG7905] [PG471-PG489]
     Slovincian dialect [PG471-PG489]
   Polabian language [PG7911-PG7915] [PG471-PG489]
   Polish language [PG6001-PG6790] [PG471-PG489]
   Slovincian dialect [PG471-PG489]
 Polabian language [PG7911-PG7915] [PG471-PG489]
 Slovak language [PG5201-PG5399] [PG471-PG489]
 Sorbian languages [PG471-PG489]
   Lower Sorbian language [PG471-PG489]
   Upper Sorbian language [PG471-PG489]

Slavic languages--Alphabet

 Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
 Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]

Slavic languages--Etymology

 Istina (The Slavic word)
 Pravda (The Slavic word)
 Rus§ (The Slavic word)

Slavic languages--History

 Proto-Slavic language [PG46]

Slavic languages--Roots

 Slav (The Slavic root)

Slavic philology

 Balto-Slavic linguistic unity

Social service--Terminology

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for social workers)

Social workers

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for social workers)

Sociolinguistics [P40]

 Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54] [P40]
 Interviewing in sociolinguistics [P40]
 Language attrition [P40.5.L28] [P40]
 Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33] [P40]
 Language planning [P40.5.L35] [P40]
   Language policy [P119.3-P119.32] [P40]
     English-only movement [P40]
     International agencies--Language policy [P40]
     United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35] [P40]
   Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] [P40] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
   Standard language [P368] [P40]
 Language purism [P40.5.L354] [P40]
 Language revival [P40]
 Language spread [P40.5.L37] [P40]
 Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45] [P40]
 Linguistic minorities [P40]
 Literature and society [P40]
 Racism in language [P40]
 Sapir-Whorf hypothesis [P40]
 Urban dialects [P40.5.U73] [P40]

Sociolinguistics--Methodology

 Sociolinguistics--Network analysis [P40.5.N48]

Sociology

 Sociolinguistics [P40]
   Diglossia (Linguistics) [P40.5.D54]
   Interviewing in sociolinguistics
   Language attrition [P40.5.L28]
   Language obsolescence [P40.5.L33]
   Language planning [P40.5.L35]
     Language policy [P119.3-P119.32]
       English-only movement
       International agencies--Language policy
       United Nations--Language policy [JX1977.8.L35]
     Languages, Artificial [PM8001-PM9021] (See LCSH-Artificial_Languages_Tree.txt)
     Standard language [P368]
   Language purism [P40.5.L354]
   Language revival
   Language spread [P40.5.L37]
   Linguistic demography [P40.5.D45]
   Linguistic minorities
   Literature and society
   Racism in language
   Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
   Urban dialects [P40.5.U73]

Soldiers

 English language--Conversation and phrase books (for soldiers, etc.)

Sonorants (Phonetics)

 Nasality (Phonetics)
 Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
   Formants (Speech)
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
     Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
     Okpe language--Vowel harmony
     Votic language--Vowel harmony
   Shwa (Phonetics)

Sound

 Phonetics [P221-P227]
   Aspiration (Phonetics)
   Assimilation (Phonetics)
   Clicks (Phonetics)
     African languages--Clicks
     Khoisan languages--Clicks
   Consonants
     Aspiration (Phonetics)
     Clicks (Phonetics)
       African languages--Clicks
       Khoisan languages--Clicks
     Coronals (Phonetics)
     Gemination
     S (The sound)
   Duration (Phonetics)
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
   Forensic phonetics
   H (The sound)
   Haplology
   Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
     Whistle speech
   Labiality (Phonetics) [P238]
   Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions
   Laryngeals (Phonetics)
   Monophthongization
   Mutation (Phonetics)
   Palatalization
   Phonemics
     Amalgams (Linguistics) [P245]
     Functional load (Linguistics)
     Minimal pair (Linguistics)
     Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
       African languages--Tone
       Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
       Attie language--Tone
       Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
       Baoulâe language--Tone
       Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
       Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
       Dyula language--Tone
       Efik language--Tone
       Etsako language--Tone
       Igbo language--Tone
       Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
         Whistle speech
       Kalenjin language--Tone
       Kinyarwanda language--Tone
       Moorâe language--Tone
       Nama language--Tone
       Nguni languages--Tone
       Rundi language--Tone
       Shona language--Tone
       Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
       Venda language--Tone
       Xhosa language--Tone
   Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
   Prosodic analysis (Linguistics)
     Accents and accentuation
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics
     Duration (Phonetics)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Compensatory lengthening [P217.8]
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
       Whistle speech
     Juncture (Linguistics) [P218.5]
       Caesura in versification
     Language and languages--Rhythm
       Caesura in versification
     Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
   S (The sound)
   Sonorants (Phonetics)
     Nasality (Phonetics)
     Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
       Formants (Speech)
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
         Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
         Okpe language--Vowel harmony
         Votic language--Vowel harmony
       Shwa (Phonetics)
   Sound symbolism
   Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
   Tempo (Phonetics) [P225]
   Tone (Phonetics) [P223]
     African languages--Tone
     Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone
     Attie language--Tone
     Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1]
     Baoulâe language--Tone
     Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739]
     Chinese language--Tone [PL1213]
     Dyula language--Tone
     Efik language--Tone
     Etsako language--Tone
     Igbo language--Tone
     Intonation (Phonetics) [P222]
       Whistle speech
     Kalenjin language--Tone
     Kinyarwanda language--Tone
     Moorâe language--Tone
     Nama language--Tone
     Nguni languages--Tone
     Rundi language--Tone
     Shona language--Tone
     Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone
     Venda language--Tone
     Xhosa language--Tone
   Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
     Formants (Speech)
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
       Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
       Okpe language--Vowel harmony
       Votic language--Vowel harmony
     Shwa (Phonetics)

Speech

 Children, Deaf--Language
 Colloquial language [P408]
   Conversation
   Latin language, Colloquial
   Slang [P409-P410]
     Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
 Paralinguistics [P95.5]
 Spectral analysis (Phonetics)
 Speech acts (Linguistics)

Speech and social status

 Socially handicapped--Language

Speech errors

 Spoonerisms [PN6231.S]

Speech processing systems

 NUMAUDO (Computer program language)

Spelling reform

 Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
 Shaw alphabet

Stele (Archaeology)

 Egyptian language--Inscriptions [PJ1501-PJ1819]

Structural linguistics

 Functionalism (Linguistics) [P147]
 Systemic grammar [P149]

Students--Language

 Public schools, Endowed (Great Britain)--Language

Sublanguage [P120.S9]

 Terms and phrases [P120.S9]
   Jargon (Terminology) [P409] [P120.S9]
   Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525] [P120.S9]
     Erotic proverbs [P120.S9]
     Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)] [P120.S9]

Surveys

 Language surveys

Swiss literature (French)

 Dialect literature, Swiss (French)

Symbolism

 Semantics (Philosophy)
   Game-theoretical semantics
   General semantics [B820]
     Epistemics
     Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Liar paradox
   Meaning (Philosophy)
   Meaninglessness (Philosophy)
   Montague grammar [P158.5]
   Performative (Philosophy)
   Pragmatics [P99.4.P72 (Linguistics)]
   Private language problem
   Speech acts (Linguistics)

Syria--Antiquities

 Cuneiform inscriptions, Ugaritic

Syriac language, Palestinian [PJ5251-PJ5259 (Jewish)]

 Canaanite language [PJ5251-PJ5259 (Jewish)]

Systems software

 Translators (Computer programs) [QA76.76.T83]

Tablets (Paleography)

 Wooden tablets

Tagmemics

 Grammar, Comparative and general--Clitics
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Enclitics

Tamilologists

 Tamil philologists

Tanahmerah language (Northeast Irian Jaya)

 Tepera dialect

Teachers

 Language arts teachers
 Language teachers
   Arabic teachers
   Danish teachers
   English teachers
   French teachers
   German teachers
   Greek teachers
   Irish teachers
   Japanese teachers
   Latin teachers
   Polish teachers
   Russian teachers
   Spanish teachers
 Linguistics teachers

Technology--Language [T11]

 Arabic language--Technical Arabic [PJ6119.5] [T11]
 Bengali language--Technical Bengali [T11]
 Bulgarian language--Technical Bulgarian [T11]
 Chinese language--Technical Chinese [T11]
 Dutch language--Technical Dutch [T11]
 English language--Technical English [T11]
 Finnish language--Technical Finnish [T11]
 French language--Technical French [T11]
 Hebrew language--Technical Hebrew [T11]
 Hindi language--Technical Hindi [PK1932] [T11]
 Hungarian language--Technical Hungarian [T11]
 Indonesian language--Technical Indonesian [T11]
 Italian language--Technical Italian [T11]
 Japanese language--Technical Japanese [T11]
 Latin language, Medieval and modern--Technical Latin [T11]
 Malay language--Technical Malay [T11]
 Polish language--Technical Polish [T11]
 Russian language--Technical Russian [T11]

Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]

 Morse code [TK5509]

Terms and phrases

 Jargon (Terminology) [P409]
 Proverbs [PN6400-PN6525]
   Erotic proverbs
   Sea proverbs [PN6427.S5 (English)]

Tone (Phonetics) [P223]

 African languages--Tone [P223]
 Asia, Southeastern--Languages--Tone [P223]
 Attie language--Tone [P223]
 Bantu languages--Tone [PL8025.1] [P223]
 Baoulâe language--Tone [P223]
 Cantonese dialects--Tone [PL1739] [P223]
 Chinese language--Tone [PL1213] [P223]
 Dyula language--Tone [P223]
 Efik language--Tone [P223]
 Etsako language--Tone [P223]
 Igbo language--Tone [P223]
 Intonation (Phonetics) [P222] [P223]
   Whistle speech [P223]
 Kalenjin language--Tone [P223]
 Kinyarwanda language--Tone [P223]
 Moorâe language--Tone [P223]
 Nama language--Tone [P223]
 Nguni languages--Tone [P223]
 Rundi language--Tone [P223]
 Shona language--Tone [P223]
 Tibeto-Burman languages--Tone [P223]
 Venda language--Tone [P223]
 Xhosa language--Tone [P223]

Tonga language (Zambesi) [PL8741]

 Ila language [PL8281] [PL8741]
 Lenje language [PL8453] [PL8741]

Transcription

 Language and languages--Phonetic transcriptions

Translating and interpreting

 Court interpreting and translating
 Dubbing of motion pictures
 Folk poetry--Translating
 Information theory in translating
 Machine translating [P307-P310]
   Etap-2 (Computer system)
   Garni computer
   Ural computer
 Translating services
   Congresses and conventions--Translating services
   International agencies--Translating services
   United Nations--Translating services

Translating and interpreting--Competitions

 Premio Cittáa di Monselice per una traduzione letteraria

Translating machines

 Garni computer
 Ural computer

Translating services

 Congresses and conventions--Translating services
 International agencies--Translating services
 United Nations--Translating services

Translators

 Interpreters for the deaf
 Translating and interpreting
   Court interpreting and translating
   Dubbing of motion pictures
   Folk poetry--Translating
   Information theory in translating
   Machine translating [P307-P310]
     Etap-2 (Computer system)
     Garni computer
     Ural computer
   Translating services
     Congresses and conventions--Translating services
     International agencies--Translating services
     United Nations--Translating services
 Women translators

Transliteration

 Alphabet
   Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
     Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
     Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
       Morse code
   Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
     Aljamâia
     Båa® (The Arabic letter)
     Dad (The Arabic letter)
     Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
     Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
     Låam (The Arabic letter)
     òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
   Bharati alphabet
   Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
   Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
   Cuneiform writing
     Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
   Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
   Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
   Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
     Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
   Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
   Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
   Inscriptions, Linear A
     Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
   Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
   Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
   Modi alphabet [PK2361]
   Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
   Pasigraphy
     Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
     INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
     Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
     Neoglify (Picture language)
   Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
   Runes
   Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
 Arabic alphabet--Transliteration
   Arabic language--Transliteration
   Persian language--Transliteration
   Urdu language--Transliteration

Treaties--Interpretation and construction

 Treaties--Language

Turkic languages, Northeast

 Altai language
   Northern Altai language
     Chalkandu dialect
     Kumandin dialect
   Teleut dialect [PL43.95T]
 Khakass language [PL391-PL394]
   Koibalian dialect
 Northern Altai language
   Chalkandu dialect
   Kumandin dialect
 Old Turkic language [PL31]
 Shor language [PL45.S55]
 Tofa language
 Tuvinian language
 Yakut language [PL361-PL364]
   Dolgan dialect [PL364.Z9D]
 Yellow Uighur language

Turkic languages, Northwest

 Bashkir language [PL65.B3]
   Kuvakan dialect
 Greek Tatar language
 Kara-Kalpak language [PL55.K]
 Kazakh language [PL65.K4-PL65.K44]
 Kuman languages [PL61]
   Armeno-Kipchak language
   Crimean Tatar language
   Karachay-Balkar language
   Karaim language
   Kipchak language [PL63]
 Kyrgyz language [PL65.K5]
 Nogai language [PL65.N]
 Tatar language
   Mishar dialect

Turkic languages, Southeast

 Chagatai language
 Khorezmian Turkic language [PL54.2]
 Salar language [PL55.S24]
 Uighur language [PL58]
 Uzbek language [PL55.U8]
   Sart dialect

Turkic languages, Southwest

 Azerbaijani language [PL311-PL314]
   Afshar dialect
 Gagauz language
 Oghuz language
 Turkish language [PL101-PL199]
 Turkmen language

Typology (Linguistics)

 Linguistic models
 Universals (Linguistics) [P204]
   Componential analysis (Linguistics)
     Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218]
       Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries
         Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285]
       Parts of speech
         Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T]

Universals (Linguistics) [P204]

 Componential analysis (Linguistics) [P204]
   Distinctive features (Linguistics) [P218] [P204]
     Markedness (Linguistics) [P299.M] [P204]
   Grammar, Comparative and general--Grammatical categories [P204.5] [P204]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Animacy [P204]
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Auxiliaries [P204]
       Grammar, Comparative and general--Prepositions [P285] [P204]
     Parts of speech [P204]
       Transmutation (Linguistics) [P299.T] [P204]

Vocabulary

 English language--Word frequency
 Language and languages--Word frequency
   Zipf's law

Voice

 Nasality (Phonetics)
 Sonorants (Phonetics)
   Nasality (Phonetics)
   Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
     Formants (Speech)
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation
     Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony
       Hungarian language--Vowel harmony
       Okpe language--Vowel harmony
       Votic language--Vowel harmony
     Shwa (Phonetics)

Vowels [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]

 Formants (Speech) [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel gradation [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
 Grammar, Comparative and general--Vowel harmony [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
   Hungarian language--Vowel harmony [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
   Okpe language--Vowel harmony [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
   Votic language--Vowel harmony [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]
 Shwa (Phonetics) [QC246 (Analysis of sounds)]

West Armenian dialect--Dictionaries

 Picture dictionaries, West Armenian

Word processing

 Polyglot word processing

Writing

 Calligraphy [Z43-Z45]
   Writing, Copperplate
 Chinese language--Cursive writing
 English language--Writing
 Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
   Alphabet
     Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
       Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
       Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
         Morse code
     Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
       Aljamâia
       Båa® (The Arabic letter)
       Dad (The Arabic letter)
       Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
       Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
       Låam (The Arabic letter)
       òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
     Bharati alphabet
     Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
     Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
     Cuneiform writing
       Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
     Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
     Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
     Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
       Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
     Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
     Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
     Inscriptions, Linear A
       Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
     Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
     Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
     Modi alphabet [PK2361]
     Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
     Pasigraphy
       Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
       INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
       Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
       Neoglify (Picture language)
     Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
     Runes
     Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
   Writing--History
 Japanese language--Cursive writing
 Japanese language--Writing, Seal style
 Korean language--Cursive writing
 Language and languages--Orthography and spelling
   Diacritics
   Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
   Phonetic spelling [PE1151 (English)]
   Spelling errors
 Paleography [Z105-Z115.5]
   Abbreviations
   Bark inscriptions
   Bone carving
   Copyists
   Cuneiform writing
     Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
   Hieroglyphics [PJ1091-PJ1097 (Egyptian)]
     Alphabet
       Alphabets [Z43 (Calligraphy)]
         Roman capitals (Lettering) [NK3625.R66 (Calligraphy)]
         Telegraph--Alphabets [TK5509]
           Morse code
       Arabic alphabet [PJ6123]
         Aljamâia
         Båa® (The Arabic letter)
         Dad (The Arabic letter)
         Hamzah (The Arabic letter)
         Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
         Låam (The Arabic letter)
         òZåa® (The Arabic letter)
       Bharati alphabet
       Brahmi alphabet [PK119]
       Celtiberian alphabet [P1081]
       Cuneiform writing
         Old Persian language--Writing [PK6122]
       Cypriote syllabary [PA567.S3]
       Cyrillic alphabet [PG92]
       Devanagari alphabet [PK119]
         Type and type-founding--Devanagari type
       Glagolitic alphabet [PG91]
       Gurmukhi alphabet [PK2632]
       Inscriptions, Linear A
         Inscriptions, Cypro-Minoan [P1035]
       Jawi alphabet [PL5052]
       Kharosthi alphabet [PK119]
       Modi alphabet [PK2361]
       Ol alphabet [PL4563.1]
       Pasigraphy
         Berendt (Artificial language) [PM8095]
         INO (Artificial language) [PM8396]
         Isotype (Picture language) [PM8999]
         Neoglify (Picture language)
       Phonetic alphabet [PE1151 (English)]
       Runes
       Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]
     Writing--History
   Manuscripts (Papyri)
     Coptic language--Papyri
     Egyptian language--Papyri [PJ1501-PJ1921]
   Ostraka
   Paleographers
   Palm-leaf inscriptions
   Runes
   Scriptoria
   Signatures (Writing)
   Stichometry
   Tironian notes
   Writing, Humanistic
   Writing, Minuscule
   Writing, Uncial
 Stoichedon inscriptions [CN350]

Writing, Arabic

 Koran--Orthography [PJ6696.Z5A4]
 Siyåaqat alphabet [PL137]

Writing--Materials and instruments

 Bark inscriptions
 Palm-leaf inscriptions

Written communication

 Arabic language--Written Arabic [PJ6123-PJ6126]
 English language--Written English
 German language--Written German
 Italian language--Written Italian
 Low German language--Written Low German
 Navajo language--Written Navajo
 Portuguese language--Written Portuguese
 Spanish language--Written Spanish
 Tamil language--Written Tamil